Comparison of Islamic and Biblical Teachings

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Belief
 
Islamic Teaching
 
Biblical Teaching
The Religion
 
"Islam" = Submission (to God). "A total way of life"
  Christian = Disciple of Jesus Christ. "A living sacrifice"
 
Names of
God
 
"Allah" = "The God", Forgiving, Merciful, Wise, All-knowing, Mighty, Helper, Protector, etc.
 
Father, YHWH = "Eternal", Almighty, Healer, Lord of Hosts (Armies), King, etc.,
 
Nature of
God
 
Allah is one. He begets not and He is not begotten and there is none like unto Him. (The term "Father" is never used in the Koran)
 
God is our Father. Jesus is His physically and spiritually begotten divine God-level Son. (The Trinity is not an New Testament doctrine.)
 
God's purpose
and plan
 
Allah does as He pleases.
 
God is currently working out a plan in which all humans come into the image of Jesus as His divine children. What He plans to do next is beyond our understanding.
 
What is
Spirit?
 
An angel or created attribute. God is NOT spirit.
 
God is composed of Holy Spirit. He can create angels made of Spirit. He can beget humans as His children by giving them His Spirit.

 

 
 
 
 
 
Islam in
Bible Prophecy
 
 
A Muslim
compares Muhammad
to Jesus
 
 
Is Islam
in the Bible?
 
 
Who is the
GOD of the
Old Testament?
 
 
 
Is the Bible
THE word of God?
Belief
 
Islamic Teaching
 
Biblical Teaching
God's Spokesmen
 
Old Testament Prophets, Jesus, culminating in Muhammad. Muhammad was the "paracletos" (advocate) = "periklutos" (illustrious) (John 14:15-17)
 
Old Testament Prophets climaxing in Jesus followed by the apostles
 
Who is
Jesus Christ?
 
Jesus is considered one of God's prophets, born through a woman named Mary and produced by the angelic power of Gabriel. Allah took Jesus while a phantom (ghost?) of him was put on the cross and crucified.
 
Jesus Christ, the only begotten Son of God, was miraculous conceived in the womb of Mary through the power of the Holy Spirit. Jesus, the God of the Old Testament, divested himself of all his power and glory in order to become a human and die for the sins of all mankind.
 
God's Written
Communication
 
Al Koran (the recitation) of 114 suras (units) supported by many volumes of hadith (traditions). The Koran was dictated to Muhammad by the Angel Gabriel in pure Classical Arabic. It is our link to God.
 
The Bible, composed of Old Testament books in Hebrew and Aramaic and New Testament books written in Greek.
 
Nature of Man
 
Sinless at birth with capacity for unlimited moral and spiritual progress through belief in God and faithful adherence to the teachings
 
Sinless, but sin-prone, at birth, leading to natural enmity towards God. God's grace and the gift of His Holy Spirit imbues humans with the ability to turn from their evil ways and become holy. "Original sin," as it is popularly understood, is not a belief taught in the New Testament.
 
Personal
accountability
 
The activities of the wicked and of the saint, of the generous and of the grasping, are all Allah's creation. Allah may give up to seven spirits to a man. But those who choose good will be rewarded, and evil punished.
 
All have sinned and fallen short of the glory of God. The wages of sin is death. God calls on humans to choose life and depart from evil. Upon repentance and conversion, the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ.
 
What are Believers?
 
"My slaves"
 
God's children (Romans 8:16)
 
Concept of
Success
 
"We hear and we obey"
 A believer is to love God with all their heart and love neighbors as themselves (Matthew 22:37-39).
 
Life after death
 
At the Resurrection, righteous go to the Garden of God, but do not see God. Wicked dwell forever in fire. Especially righteous do not need to await the Resurrection.
 
All will be resurrected. All will have a genuine opportunity to be saved. The righteous will rule with Jesus in God's eternal kingdom when the dwelling of God will be with men. Those who reject God's way, the incorrigibly wicked, will be obliterated.
 
Martyrdom
 
"Call not those who are slain in the way of Allah `dead.' No, they are living, only ye perceive it not." (2:154)

"those who are slain in the way of Allah .. bring them into the Garden [Paradise]." (47:4-6)

(Each martyr has 72 virgins waiting for him in Paradise: Sermon at Al-Aqsa Mosque September 9, 2001 - cf. 56:37)
 
Jesus warned that those who believe in him will be hated, rejected and some ultimately killed (John 16:2, James 5:6-7)
 
Enemies
 
"Fight in the way of Allah against those who fight against you . . . And slay them wherever ye find them." (2:190)

"O Prophet! Exhort the believers to fight." (8:65)

"Lo! Allah loveth those who battle for His cause in ranks, as if they were a solid structure." (61:4)
(Abdullah-b-Omar reported that Muhammad forbade to kill women and children)
 
Believers are to love their enemies, help them when they are in need and pray for them. (Matthew 5:44, John 18:36)
 
Prayers
 
(Ob'adah-b-Swa'met reported that Muhammad had said: Five prayers [i.e., times of prayer] - the Almighty Allah made them obligatory.)
 
Believers are to pray in secret and to not let anyone know about it (Matthew 6:6)
 
Modesty
 
"Tell the believing women to lower their gaze and be modest, ... and to draw their veils over their bosoms ... let them not stamp their feet so as to reveal what they hide of their adornment." (24:31)
 Women are called to dress modestly and show proper respect (1Timothy 2:9, 1Corinthians 11:5)
 
Criminal Justice
 
"Retaliation is prescribed for you in the matter of the murdered." (2:178)

"As for the thief, both male and female, cut off their hands." (5:38)
 
"So when they continued asking Him, He (Jesus) raised Himself up and said to them, 'He who is without sin among you, let him throw a stone at her first.' " (John 8:7, see also Romans 13:3-4)
  
 

Sources for Islamic beliefs: The Koran Interpreted by Arthur J. Arberry; A Code of the Teachings of Al-Qur'an by Muhammad Sharif Chaudry; Islam by Alford T. Welch, in A New Handbook of Living Religions; A Comparative Study of Christianity and Islam by Ulfat Aziz-Us-Samad; Islam and the Gospel of God by H. Spencer.

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