New Testament People

John to Mary

More people!    -    Our Newsletter
This article in our series of New Testament people begins with John, one of Jesus' twelve apostles, and ends with Mary, the mother of the Messiah.

The below list of people will answer several fascinating New Testament questions such as the following. What did John the Baptist do that got him killed? Who could have replaced Judas as an apostle? What were the names of Jesus' half-brothers? Who are the seven Marys in the New Testament?

Please visit our series on important people in the Old Testament for information on Abraham, Gideon, Goliath, Samson, David and many others!

John
Acts 4:6

This John (also called Jonathan) was a son of Ananus (Annas) the High Priest. The John mentioned in Acts 4 served as High Priest from 36 to 37 A.D. after which he was dismissed from this responsibility. He was reappointed to this religious position at the temple in 44 A.D. Nothing more is stated about him in the New Testament.

Additional study:
Melchizedek and Jesus' priesthood
Who, in heaven, sits at God's left hand?
Why does God reject religious titles?
Gemstones in High Priest's Breastplate


The Apostle John
The Apostle John
Alessandro Algardi, 1629

John (the Apostle)
Matthew 4:21, 10:2, 17:1
Mark 1:19, 3:17, 5:37, 9:2, 38,
10:35, 41, 13:3, 14:33
Luke 5:10, 6:14, 8:51, 9:28, 49, 54, 22:8
Acts 1:13, 3:1 - 4, 11, 4:13, 19, 8:14, 12:2
Galatians 2:9, Revelation 1:1, 4, 9, 21:2, 8

John was one of the first two disciples called by Jesus. He is the brother of James (James the Greater) who also was one of the first disciples. John and Andrew (another early disciple) were initially followers of John the Baptist (John 1:35 - 40).

Jesus humorously nicknamed John and his brother James "the sons of thunder" in recognition of their sometimes impulsively misplaced behavior (Mark 3:17). He, along with James (the Greater) and Peter were the only three future apostles to witness Jesus' transfiguration (Matthew 17). The New Testament strongly indicates John was the closest disciple to Christ (see John 13:23 - 25).

John wrote five New Testament books during his ministry. He likely died around 100 A.D. after authoring the book of Revelation and canonizing the New Testament shortly thereafter. Read about John's connection to the Apostle Paul.

When God's builds his eternal New Jerusalem, the gemstone that will be an everlasting memorial to his efforts will either be a jasper or a sapphire.

Additional study:
How did Jesus use humor to teach?
Where is John buried?
When was the New Testament written?
How did we get the Bible?

John the Baptist
Matthew 3, 4, 9:14, 11, 14, 16:14,
17:13, 21:25 - 32
Mark 1:4 - 14, 2:18, 6, 8:28, 11:30 - 32
Luke 1, 3, 5:33, 7, 9:7, 9, 19, 11:1,
16:16, 20:4 - 6
John 1, 3, 4:1, 5:33 - 36, 10:40 - 41
Acts 1:5, 22, 10:37, 11:16, 13:24 - 25,
18:25, 19:3 - 4

John, a Nazarite from the time he was born, was born six months before Jesus. His miraculous birth in 5 B.C. was the beginning of the fulfillment of several Old Testament prophecies (John 1:19 - 23, Matthew 17:10 - 13). The purpose of His ministry, which lasted from 26 to 29 A.D., was to prepare the people for the ministry of Jesus.

After condemning the incestuous marriage of Herod Antipas (Mark 6:17 - 18) he was thrown in prison. Herod, on his birthday, murdered John to fulfill a promise made to his wife's daughter Salome. See our article dedicated to John the Baptist for more information!

Additional study:
Why did John the Baptist doubt Jesus?
Who were the disciples of John?
What was the Nazarite vow?
What constitutes incest in Scripture?
Is it a sin to celebrate birthdays?

Joseph
Matthew 1, 2:13, 19,
Luke 1:27, 2, 3:23, 4:22
John 1:45, 6:42

Joseph was the betrothed husband of Mary when she became pregnant with Jesus through the power of God's spirit. He was a just man who died sometime after Jesus' 12th birthday. For more information, see our article dedicated to the life of Joseph.

Additional study:
Were Mary and Joseph married?
Were Mary and Joseph Christians?
Journeys of Mary and Joseph map

Joseph of Arimathea
Matthew 27:57 - 60, Mark 15:42 - 47
Luke 23:50 - 56, John 19:38 - 42

Joseph of Arimathea was a rich member of the Sanhedrin who secretly believed in Jesus. After Christ's crucifixion, he got Pontius Pilate to give him the body. Both Joseph and Nicodemus then wrapped Jesus' body in fine linen with a mixture of myrrh and aloes. They then, in fulfillment of prophecy, laid him to rest in Joseph's new tomb (Matthew 27, Mark 15, Luke 23, John 19).

Additional study:
Where was Jesus crucified?
What does INRI really mean?
Was Christ buried in a garden tomb?
Is the Shroud of Turin Jesus' burial cloth?


Pieta (Joseph of Arimathea holding Christ)
Pieta (Joseph of Arimathea holding Christ)
Baccio Bandinelli, 1554 - 59

Joseph (Barsabas)
Acts 1:21 - 23

This Joseph was also called Barsabas and Justus. He was one of only two men, the other being Matthias, the Jerusalem church considered worthy to replace Judas Iscariot as one of the twelve apostles. After the decision was placed in God's hands, and lots were thrown, it was Matthias and not Joseph that was chosen. Nothing more is known about him.

Additional study:
Location of New Testament churches!
Did Judas Iscariot ultimately repent?
Who were the twelve apostles?

Joses
Matthew 13:55, Mark 6:3

Joses was one of four half-brothers (same mother, different father) of Jesus Christ. Nothing else is known about him.

Additional study:
How many children did Mary produce?
Jesus' family tree
How should family inheritance be handled?

Judas
Acts 9:11, 15:22, 27, 32

See listing of people connected to Apostle Paul.

Judas (Lebbaeus or Thaddaeus)
Matthew 10:3, Mark 3:18
Luke 6:16, John 14:22, Acts 1:13

This Judas is also referred to as Lebbaeus (Matthew 10:3) or Thaddaeus (Mark 3:18, Matthew 10:3) in the KJV Bible. He was the brother of both James (the Less) and Simon the Canaanite (Simon the Zealot).

Like many of the original apostles, not much is known about him. Foxe's states the apostle was crucified at Edessa.

When God's builds his New Jerusalem, the gemstone that will be an everlasting memorial to Judas' efforts will likely be either a Chrysoprase or jacinth stone.

Judas Iscariot
Matthew 10:4, 26:14 - 16, 47 - 50, 27:3 - 10
Mark 3:19, 14:10 - 11, 43 - 45
Luke 6:16, 22:3 - 6, 47 - 49
John 12:4 - 6, 13:2, 29, 17:12, 18:2 - 5
Acts 1:16 - 25

Judas Iscariot was one of Jesus' original twelve disciples who ultimately betrayed him to Jewish religious leaders who hated him. Remorseful after his betrayal, he rejected the thirty pieces of silver paid for his services and committed suicide.

For more information, please see our article on Judas' character and his tragic life.

Additional study:
Why did Jesus wash his disciples' feet?
Did Christ eat a Passover or supper?
Why was Judas Passover's honored guest?
Suicide in the Bible

Jude (Judas)
Matthew 13:55, Mark 6:3

Jude was one of the half-brothers of Jesus. He is the author of the New Testament epistle that bears his name. Nothing more is known about him. For information regarding two other men named Judas, see our listing of people connected to the Apostle Paul.

Additional study:
When did Jude write his book?
Where were books of the Bible written?

Julia
Romans 16:15

See listing of people connected to Apostle Paul.

Julius
Acts 27:1, 3

See listing of people connected to Apostle Paul.

Junia
Romans 16:7

See listing of people connected to Apostle Paul.

Justus
Acts 18:7, Colossians 4:11

See listing of people connected to Apostle Paul.

Lazarus
John 11, 12, Luke 16

Interestingly, the two people named Lazarus in the New Testament are both fairly well known. The first is a beggar in Jesus' often taught Lazarus and the Rich Man parable given to underscore the perils of a hard heart. The second is the man famously and publically resurrected from the dead shortly before Jesus' crucifixion.

Lazarus, as well as his sisters Mary and Martha, lived in Bethany. He got deathly ill while Jesus was traveling with his disciples. The Lord, who knew of his sickness, allowed him to die so that the glory of God and His son could be manifested to the world (John 11:4, 15). Lazarus was brought back to life four days after his demise (verse 17).

Additional study:
People resurrected in the Bible!
How did Lazarus die a second time?
Meaning of Lazarus and Rich Man parable
Why did Jesus use parables?

Linus
2Timothy 4:21

See listing of people connected to Apostle Paul.

Lois
2Timothy 1:5

See listing of people connected to Apostle Paul.

Lucius
Acts 13:1, Romans 16:21

See listing of people connected to Apostle Paul.

Luke (Lucas)
Colossians 4:14, 2Timothy 4:11
Philemon 1:24

Luke, whom the Apostle Paul lovingly referred to as "the beloved physician" (Colossians 4:14), was one of the four gospel writers. He also penned the book of Acts, which delineates the history of the early New Testament church with a special focus on Paul's ministry.

Luke journeyed with Paul on part of his second and third missionary journeys. Read more detailed information about Luke!

Additional study:
Why are there only four gospels?
The Old Testament in the Gospels
Timeline of New Testament books


Luke the Evangelist
Luke the Evangelist
Frans Hals, c. 1625

Lydia
Acts 16:14 - 15, 40

See listing of people connected to Apostle Paul.

Lysias (Claudius Lysias)
Acts 21:31 - 33, 22:24 - 29, 23:26, 24:7, 22

See listing of people connected to Apostle Paul.

Manaen
Acts 13:1

See listing of people connected to Apostle Paul.

Mark (John Mark, Marcus)
Acts 12:12, 25, 15:37 - 39, Colossians 4:10
Philemon 1:24, 1Peter 5:13, 2Timothy 4:11

Mark is also called John Mark in the New Testament. He authored one of the four gospel accounts and was a cousin of Barnabas. He abruptly left Paul and Barnabas during Paul's first missionary journey. For more information, see Mark's listing in our article on people connected to the Apostle Paul!

Additional study:
Mark abandons the Apostle Paul!
Paul's first missionary journey map
What makes Mark's gospel different?

Martha
John 11:1 - 5, 12:2
Luke 10:38 - 42

Martha is the sister of Lazarus and Mary. They all lived in the small village of Bethany.

Martha, when Jesus came by for a visit, busied herself with various tasks while her sister Mary intently listened to Christ. The Lord, when Martha pointed out that Mary was not helping her, gently corrected her misplaced priorities.

Martha was also involved in requesting Jesus visit Lazarus while he was sick. Her belief in the Messiah was confirmed when she, and many others, witnessed Lazarus coming out of his tomb alive!

Additional study:
How many people have been resurrected?
What is the first resurrection?
Can a person cheat death?
How did Lazarus die the second time?

Mary

Other than Jesus' mother and Mary Magdalene, there are at least five additional Marys mentioned in the New Testament.

Mary, the sister of Lazarus and Martha (John 11:1 - 2, 19), was the woman who intently listened to Jesus' teachings as Martha toiled to prepare food (Luke 10:39 - 42). Later, when Lazarus got deathly sick, she and her sister requested Jesus heal him (John 11:3). After her brother was allowed to die she mourned losing him until the Lord resurrected him back to life (John 11:19 - 45).

Martha's sister Mary was also the woman who, six days before Jesus' last Passover, anointed his feet with an expensive ointment (John 12:1 - 8).

Mary, the wife of Cleopas (John 19:25), was one of several women who witnessed Jesus' crucifixion.

Mary, the mother of James and Joses (Matthew 27:56), was one of the women who viewed Jesus' crucifixion. She also witnessed his burial, prepared spices for his body, and came to his tomb early on a Sunday morning. She was one of several females who informed the apostles and many others that Christ had risen from the dead (Mark 15:47, 16:1 - 8, Matthew 28:1, Luke 24:10).

Mary, the mother of John Mark (Acts 12:12), maintained one of the many house churches in Jerusalem for early Christian believers. The Apostle Peter, after his miraculous release from prison, went straight to her place to tell others what happened to him (verses 3 to 12).

Lastly, the Apostle Paul, writing from Corinth, greets a woman named Mary living in Rome (Romans 16:6).

Additional study:
Women in the Bible
The toughest females in Scripture!
Timeline of Jesus' last days
How many people did Jesus resurrect?

Mary (mother of Jesus)
Matthew 1:16, 18, 20, 2:11, 13:55
Mark 6:3, Luke 1:27 - 56, 2:5 - 34
Acts 1:14

Mary, according to the New Testament, was a descendant of King David. God, while she was betrothed to Joseph, choose her to bear His son. After Jesus' birth Mary and Joseph would produce at least four boys and two girls (Matthew 13:55, Mark 6:3).

Surprisingly, Mary is only rarely mentioned in relation to Jesus' ministry. She was the person who spurred Christ's first public miracle at a wedding in Cana (John 2:1 - 11). During the Lord's second year of his ministry she and her family sought to speak with him (Mathew 12:47 - 50). She was also, of course, present when the Lord was crucified.

After Jesus' resurrection she gathered with 120 other believers in Jerusalem (Acts 1:13 - 14). She received God's spirit, and because a Christian, on the Day of Pentecost in 30 A.D. After this event, she is no longer mentioned in Scripture.

Additional study:
Timeline of Jesus' conception and birth
New Testament Journeys of Mary
How did Mary die?
Are visions of Mary REAL?

Previous    -    Next

People in the New Testament
Agabus  to  Drusilla
Elizabeth  to  Jezebel
John  to  Mary
Mary Magdalene  to  Rhoda
Salome  to  Zacharias

References
1913 Catholic Encyclopedia
Antiquities of the Jews by Josephus
Complete Book of Who's Who in the Bible
Foxe's Book of Martyrs
Hitchcock's Bible Names
Holman Bible Dictionary
Holy Bible, a Faithful Version
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia


© Bible Study