Hymn writer (lyrics): Knowles Shaw (1834 - 1878)
Music composer: George A. Minor (1845 - 1904)
Notes: Born in the southwestern part of the state of Ohio, Shaw was a member of the Disciples of Christ. He died tragically in a Texas train wreck at the age of 43. During his short ministry it is believed Shaw baptized roughly 20,000 people.
George Minor served in the American Civil War (which ran from 1861 - 1865) as Chief of Ordnance for the Confederacy.
Palestine's Year of Agriculture and God's Holy Days
God's seven annual Holy or Feast Day periods, which Christians are commanded to still keep, center around the three major harvest periods in Israel. The commanded festivals of Passover and Days of Unleavened Bread occur during the Spring harvest. Pentecost (also known as Feast of Weeks, Feast of Harvest or Day of Firstfruits) occurs each year during the Summer harvest. During the large gathering of crops in the Fall, the Feast days of Trumpets (Rosh Hashanah), Atonement (Yom Kippur), Feast of Tabernacles and Last Great Day are observed.
God gave Israel several laws concerning their harvests. For example, those who had crops were not allowed to glean or gather 100% of what was produced but rather to leave food in the fields for the poor.
9. And when you reap the harvest of your land, you shall not wholly reap the corners of your field. And you shall not gather the gleaning of your harvest. 10. And you shall not glean your vineyard. And you shall not gather the fallen grapes of your vineyard. You shall leave them for the poor and the stranger. I am the LORD your God. (Leviticus 19:9 - 10, HBFV)
Below is a list of the agricultural products ancient Israel harvested throughout the year.
January and February - Planting of millet, peas, lentils, melons, cucumbers, etc.
March and April - Harvesting of flax
April and May - Harvest of the Barley
May and June - Wheat Harvest
June - First ripe figs are harvested
June and July - Tending to vines
August - Main harvest of figs, grapes begin to ripen
July to September - Harvest of grapes
September and October - Olive harvest, harvest of grapes to make raisins and wine. Gathering of ripe fruits.
November and December - Planting grains