Hymn writer (lyrics): John Newton
Music composer: Franz Joseph Haydn
Notes: View short article about Amazing Grace and its writer John Newton. Austrian composer Haydn, whose work spanned six decades, is known as the "father" of the symphony.
Mount Zion (Sion)
Zion (Sion) is a hill in the city of Jerusalem on which God's Temple was built. It was part of the original land David conquered from the Jebusites around 1003 B.C. that soon was called the 'city of David' (2Samuel 5:7, 9; 6:12, 16; 1Kings 8:1; 1Chronicles 11:5, 7; 15:1, 29; 2Chronicles 5:2).
7. But David did capture the fortress of Zion, which now is the City of David . . . 9. And David lived in the fort and called it the city of David. And David built all around, from Millo and inward. (2Samuel 5:7, 9, HBFV)
Zion can also refer to the place where the ark of the covenant was located (2Samuel 6:12, 16; 1Kings 8:1; 1Chronicles 15:1, 29; 2Chronicles 5:2).
1. Then Solomon assembled the elders of Israel and all the heads of the tribes, the chief of the fathers of the children of Israel, to King Solomon in Jerusalem, so that they might bring up the ark of the covenant of the LORD out of the city of David, which is Zion. (1Kings 8:1)
The word Zion (Sion) is also used symbolically in the Bible to refer to the city itself, its role as a religious or spiritual center, or to the heavenly Jerusalem that will come down from heaven to the earth and be the place where converted, resurrected believers live. Revelation's 144,000, who come out of the great tribulation, are specially mentioned as being with Christ on Mount Zion (Revelation 14:1).
18. For you have not come to the mount that could be touched and that burned with fire, nor to gloominess, and fearful darkness, and the whirlwind; 22. But you have come to Mount Sion, and to the city of the living God, heavenly Jerusalem; and to an innumerable company of angels; (Hebrews 12:18, 22)