Some of the cities listed
in the above map
This area of the world is referred to in several different ways in the Bible.
10. Sing and rejoice, O daughter of Zion, for lo, I come, and I will dwell in your midst," says the LORD. 11. "And many nations shall be joined to the LORD in that day, and shall be My people; and I will dwell in your midst, and you shall know that the LORD of hosts has sent me to you. 12. And the LORD shall possess Judah, His portion in THE HOLY LAND, and shall choose Jerusalem again. (Zechariah 2:10-12, Holy Bible in Its Original Order - A Faithful Version (HBFV))
8. By faith Abraham, being called of God to go out into the place which he would later receive for an inheritance, obeyed and went, not knowing where he was going. 9. By faith he sojourned in THE LAND OF PROMISE, like a foreigner, dwelling in tabernacles with Isaac and Jacob, the joint heirs of the same promise; (Hebrews 11:8-9)
5. And Abram took Sarai his wife, and Lot his brother's son, and all their substance that they had gathered, and the people that they had gained in Haran. And they went forth to go into the LAND OF CANAAN. And they came into the land of Canaan. (Genesis 12:5)
19. And there was no smith found throughout all the LAND OF ISRAEL, for the Philistines said, "Lest the Hebrews make swords or spears." (1Samuel 13:19)
17. And the LAND OF JUDAH shall be a terror to Egypt; everyone who mentions it shall be afraid toward it because of the purpose of the LORD of hosts, which He has purposed against it. (Isaiah 19:17)
Romans, around 135 A.D., designated the name of this region as Palestine. The name was given after a revolt was started by the Jews in the Judean Province. Rome brutally suppressed the Jewish resistance movement and occupied Judea. The Roman Empire put together the Judea Province with Galilee and other cities to form Syria Palaestina.
Why is Palestine so important?
Palestine is found between the large important countries of Egypt, Arabia and Syria. It is a major crossing road for commerce and culture, which has greatly contributed to its turbulent history. What is generally referred to as the 'holy land' has been occupied and/or controlled over the years by Assyrians, Egyptians, Babylonians, Greeks and Romans to name a few.