In Bethabara, just before the miracle at Cana, John the Baptist sees Jesus walking toward him and proclaims, "Behold the Lamb of God, Who takes away the sin of the world!" (John 1:29). The next day, when two of his disciples (John and Andrew) are with him, the Baptist again verbally identifies the Messiah as the true Passover lamb (verses 35 - 37, Revelation 5:6). The two disciples talk with Jesus and spend the rest of the day with him.
Andrew soon tells his brother Simon (Peter) that he has found the Messiah (John 1:42). Peter and Jesus then meet for the first time recorded in Scripture (verse 42). The day after their meeting two more men, Philip and Nathanael, make an initial contact (verses 43 - 51). Christ and at least five of his disciples soon travel to Cana to attend a wedding ceremony and the celebration that follows (John 2:1 - 2). What occurs in Cana will be Jesus' first public miracle!
Sometime during the wedding festivities in Cana, the store of wine used for the celebration is exhausted. Jesus is informed of this situation by his mother Mary, who likely did not expect the miracle that would soon follow. Although he initially rejects her veiled appeal for his help (John 2:4), he tells servants to fill six large stone vessels (used for Jewish purification purposes) with water. He then asks them to draw out some of the liquid and give it to the "master of the feast" (verse 9), who, after drinking, is astonished at what he tastes! Jesus miraculously not only turned water into wine, the quality of the alcoholic beverage was far SUPERIOR to the best wine first offered guests (verse 10)!
How much quality wine did Jesus create for his first recorded Biblical miracle (John 2:11)? Commentaries vary regarding the total amount used to "reveal His glory" (John 2:11). The New Manners and Customs of Bible Times commentary states that 120 gallons (about 454 liters) of water became wine. Other reference works, like the Bible Knowledge Commentary, mention it could have been as high as 180 gallons (about 681 liters)! Jesus, after performing his first miracle and the celebration finally ends, travels with his family and his disciples to Capernaum. He does not spend much time, however, in the city (John 2:12).
In 27 A.D., after his baptism and other events, Jesus travels from Capernaum to Jerusalem. He travels so that he can keep the first Passover and Feast of Unleavened Bread of his ministry (John 2:13) in the city. The spring feasts in 27 occur in April. It will be during this period that Jesus will first begin His public preaching of the gospel and, with it, proclaim God' mercy and glory by performing more miracles.
Next Map in Life of Jesus Series
To Jerusalem for the Feast