ANSWER: The phrase "sons of God" is found five times in the Old Testament (Genesis 6:2, 6:4, Job 1:6, 2:1 and 38:7) and five times in the New Testament (Romans 8:14, 19, Philippians 2:15, 1John 3:1 - 2). It has three primary meanings in the Bible, only one of which is made in reference to angels.
An example of the first primary meaning is found in the Book of Job when it states that angels presented themselves before the Eternal (Job 1:6, see also 38:7). Although Satan the devil was also with them, this does not mean he was consider a son as well.
A second usage of this phrase occurs in the King James Bible translation of the Book of Genesis. In the sixth chapter it states that certain people married women and together produced children who became giants, "mighty men" and "men of renown."
|And it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born unto them, That the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose. And the LORD (God) said, My spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he also is flesh: yet his days shall be an hundred and twenty years. (Genesis 6:1 - 3, KJV)|
This phrase CANNOT be a reference to angels, either to those who are righteous or evil. The Bible does not contain even a HINT that flesh and blood humans can somehow mate with spirit-composed beings! Although there are some parallels in pagan thought regarding this possibility, this concept is simply not taught in Scripture.
Proof that spirits and females did not produce children of any size can be found in verse 2. The Hebrew word in this verse translated as the English phrase "took them wives" is the word commonly used to refer to marriage in in the Old Testament. As Jesus clearly states in the New Testament that angelic beings do not marry (Matthew 22:29 - 30). Only human beings are given, right when they are created, the gift of not only being able to marry but also to reproduce (see Genesis 1:28, 2:18, 21 - 24, 3:16).
The third primary usage is in the New Testament as a designation for people, both male and female, who are in a covenant relationship with God. Humans are not automatically considered to be in a familial relationship with the Eternal simply by virtue of their birth. True sons (and daughters) are those who repent of their sins, accept Jesus as their personal Savior, and receive the Holy Spirit. Several Bible passages referencing converted humans as being a part of God's family including John 1:12, Romans 8:12 - 19, 2Corinthians 6:18, Philemon 2:15, Galatians 4:4 - 6, 1John 3:1 – 2 and others.
Righteous angels are only considered sons of God in the sense that they were initially created having the same spiritual composition or essence as their Creator. Humans, on the other hand, though born with flesh, have a far greater potential than any angelic being. In fact, in the near future, converted humans who have been resurrected from the dead will be given the responsibility of JUDGING them!
2. Don't you know that the saints shall judge the world? And if the world is to be judged by you, are you unworthy of the most trivial of judgments? 3. Don't you know that we shall JUDGE ANGELS? How much more then the things of this life? (1Corinthians 6:2 - 3, HBFV)