The Roman Empire

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Study of the Roman Empire is essential in order to gain a clearer understanding of the events and teachings found in the New Testament. Rome played both a positive and negative role in the early history of Christians delineated in the Bible. Even after the close of the New Testament, the histories of both Rome and Christianity would intertwine for many years to come.

On the positive side, the Roman Empire helped pave the way not only for Christianity to start but also to rapidly spread throughout the world. It was under the relative peace of Emperor Augustus that Jesus was born. Rome's influence, however, was many times negative. It was Herod the Great, the Roman-appointed ruler of Judea, who sought to kill a newborn Christ (Matthew 2). Later, Rome became a pawn in the hands of Jewish leaders, who used its authority to murder Jesus Christ (Matthew 27). Emperor Nero began the first of ten waves of persecution against Christians by killing both Apostles Paul and Peter.

Roman Maps, Timelines

How did Rome start?

Animated Map of the
Rise and Fall of Rome

Was Rome the greatest
power in history?

Roman power at its peak View

Rome under Diocletian, Constantine View

Which rulers heard Paul preach? View

Rome in the First Century A.D. View

Rome and Old Testament Events Timeline   View

Map of Byzantine Empire in 1025 A.D. View


Rome in Pictures

The Roman Coliseum
The largest stadium built by Rome, it seated more than 50,000 spectators. It hosted gladiator games and even held naval battles within its walls.

The Appian Way
The Way was the Republic's first and most important road. Countless troops used the Appian Way. The crucifixion of the defeated slave army of Spartacus occurred on the road. The apostle Paul used the Way to go to prison in Rome.

Circus Maximus
The first and largest circus ever built, it could hold up to 150,000-seated visitors. It hosted games, festivals, chariot races and the martyrdom of countless Christians.

The Forum
The Forum was the center of public life. It held elections, trials, speeches, and business deals. It is the most FAMOUS meeting place in all of human history.

Life in the Empire

Why was it difficult to get citizenship? Read

Did Caesar have a child with Cleopatra? Read

What did Christians think of Roman games? Read

Was apostle Paul a citizen of Rome? Read

What laws did Jesus break? Read

Did Apostle Paul die in Rome? Read

How long was Paul a prisoner? Read

Do Popes have the keys to heaven? Read


The Nazareth Inscription Stone
A marble tablet, dated shortly after the death of Jesus in 41 A.D., contains edict from Caesar showing the early preaching of the gospel.

Michelangelo and the Sistine Chapel
The Last Judgment fresco, on the altar wall of the Sistine chapel, is considered Michelangelo's crowning work. It is the largest fresco painted in the 16th century. It depicts several beliefs including an eternal hell. It also displays a humorous caricature of one of his harshest critics.

St. Peter's Square
The square, ruled by the Roman Catholics, is the centerpiece of Vatican City. It is within an area that is the world's smallest state.

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