Jezebel to Melchizedek
Important Old Testament People

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This page lists information on important Old Testament people from Jezebel to Melchizedek. Other people who lived before the birth of Christ and played a role in Biblical history are listed at the bottom of this article.

1Kings 16:31, 18:4 - 19, 19:1 - 2, 21:5 - 25, etc.

Jezebel was the wife of evil King Ahab. She is considered one of, if not the greatest, most evil females found in the Old Testament! She encouraged her husband to pursue pagan gods and to lead Israel to do the same. Her evil was so renowned that her name was used in the New Testament as a symbol of someone who leads others into sin (Revelation 2:20). Please see our article on Jezebel for more information.

1Samuel 26:6, 2Samuel 2:13 - 22, 3:23 - 31, 8:16, 10:7 - 14, etc.

Joab was the son of David's sister and commander of David's army. He had several significant military successes. Joab played a key role in David's plot to have Uriah, Bathsheba's husband, killed in battle to cover up his adultery with her (2Samuel 11). Joab murdered Abner in revenge for the death of his brothers (2Samuel 3). David, because Joab did not support Solomon becoming the next king, commanded his son to kill him (1Kings 2).

Job 1:1 - 42:17, Ezekiel 14:14, 20, James 5:11

Job, and not Moses, wrote the earliest book found in the Bible. He was wealthy and considered righteous when Satan challenged God regarding the sincerity of his obedience (Job 1). The great adversary was allowed to take away Job's possessions and kill his children. After a period of trial and testing (made worse by his 'friends'), the Eternal personally confronts Job and causes him to repent. He is ultimately considered one of the three most righteous Old Testament people (Ezekiel 14:14, 20).

Joel 1:1, Acts 2:16

One of the minor prophets whose prophecies parallel what is in book of Revelation. Joel gave prophecies regarding God's future judgment and punishment of mankind.

Queen Jezebel of Israel
Queen Jezebel of Israel

2Kings 14:25, Jonah 1:1 - 17, 2:1, etc.

Jonah was a prophet sent to warn Nineveh of their impending judgment for their sins. Jonah initially refuses to warn the city but God has him swallowed by a great fish and changes his mind. While he is in the "great fish" Jonah cries out for help and after three days and nights (a type of Jesus' death) the fish vomits him out on a beach near Nineveh. He then warns the city as God commanded.

1Samuel 13 - 14, 18 - 20, 23, 31:2, 2Samuel 1, etc.

Jonathan was the son of King Saul who was also a very close personal friend of King David. He died in battle with his father.

Genesis 30:24 - 25, 33:2 - 7, 35:24, 37:2 - 33, etc.

Joseph was the favorite son of Jacob. His mother was Rachel. He received the Biblically famous coat of many colors from Jacob (Genesis 37). After being sold as a slave by his brothers he became a prisoner in Egypt. His interpretation of the dreams of Pharaoh, revealed to him by God, ultimately leads to him being made overseer of Egypt (Genesis 41). In Egypt he produces two sons named Manasseh and Ephraim. He saves his entire family by having them move to Egypt to avoid a great famine that came upon the land.

Exodus 17:9 - 14, 24:13, 32:17, 33:11, Numbers 11:28, etc.

Joshua led the children of Israel into the Promised Land after the death of Moses. He led and won many battles in order to thrust out the people who occupied Israel's inheritance. He was instrumental in dividing up Canaan among the tribes of Israel and was Israel's first Judge.

1Kings 13:2, 2Kings 21:24 - 26, 22:1- 3, 23:16 - 34, etc.

Josiah, who reigned for thirty-one years, was one of the best kings of Judah. He helped restore the true worship of the Lord to Judah. He was fatally wounded in battle by a random arrow.

Genesis 29:35, 35:23, 37:26, 38:1 - 26, 43:3 - 44, etc.

Judah was Jacob's fourth son by Leah. He interceded to stop his other brothers from killing Joseph (Genesis 37) and instead selling him as a slave. He had incest with his daughter-in-law (Genesis 38). The tribe of Judah took the lead in conquering the Promised Land (Judges 1).

Genesis 25:1, 4, 1Chronicles 1:32 - 33

Keturah is reference in the Bible as one of Abraham's concubine. She likely married him after the death of Sarah. Keturah bore Abraham six children whose names were Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak and Shuah.

Genesis 24:29, 50, 25:20, 27:43, 28:2, 5, 29:5 - 29, etc.

Nahor (Abraham's brother) and his family decided to stay in Haran when Abraham left the city for Canaan. One of Nahor's many children was Bethuel (Genesis 22:20 - 22) who would later become the father of Laban (Genesis 24:50, 28:5).

It was Laban's sister Rebekah who would marry Issac and his daughters Rachel and Leah who would marry Jacob. Laban is known for not keeping his promise to Jacob that his daughter Rachel could marry him after only seven years of service (Genesis 29).

Genesis 29:16 - 32, 30:9 - 20, 31:4 - 33, 33:1 - 7, etc.

Leah was the eldest daughter of Laban. Although Jacob wanted to marry Rachel, Laban deceived him into taking Leah as his first wife (Genesis 29). Leah bore Jacob six boys and a girl whose names were Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Isaachar, Zebulun and Dinah.

Genesis 29:34, 34:25, 30, 35:23, 46:11, 49:5, etc.

Levi was Jacob's third son by Leah. The tribe became dedicated to serving God and his tabernacle during the time of Moses. Although God command they were not to receive an inheritance in the land of Canaan, they did get cities throughout Israel. Their livelihood, because of their service to the Eternal, came through the tithes and offerings made by the other Israelite tribes.

Genesis 11:27, 31, 12:4 - 5, 13:1 - 14, 14:12 - 16, 19:1 - 36, etc.

Lot's uncle was Abraham. Lot was saved out of Sodom and Gomorrah by two angels before it was destroyed by God. He sadly witnessed his wife turn into a pillar of salt for her disobedience (Genesis 19). Lot's two daughters, after the two sinful cities were destroyed, got him drunk and had sex with him. Their incest produced the founders of the Moabite and Ammonite peoples.

Malachi 1:1

Malachi was the last of the Bible's minor prophets to write a book (c. 400 B.C.). He gave prophecies regarding being prepared for God's Messenger, Jesus Christ. He spoke against divorce, adultery, priestly neglect of duties and robbing the Eternal by not tithing.

Joseph's son: Genesis 41:51, 46:20, 48:1 - 20, 50:23, etc.
King of Judah: 2Kings 20:21, 21:1 - 20, 23;12, 26, 24:3, etc.

Manasseh was the name of one of Joseph's son born in Egypt.

Manasseh is also the name of one of Judah's kings who ruled longer (55 years) than any other monarch of either Israel or Judah. He is consider one of Israel's worst kings as he encouraged the worship of many false gods. He also indulged in witchcraft, worked with evil spirits, and even sacrificed his own son by fire to Moloch (2Kings 21).

Melchizedek (Melchizedec)
Genesis 14:18, Psalm 110:4, Hebrews 5:6, 10, 6:20, 7:1 - 21

Abraham tithed to Melchizedek, who name means "king of righteousness" and "king of peace" (Hebrews 7). Paul states Melchizedek did not have a father or mother, was never born, never died, and is a priest forever. The Bible records that Jesus is a priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek (Hebrews 5). Please see our article on Melchizedek for more information.

Recommended Articles
What Is the Order of Melchizedek?
The Most Evil People in the Bible!
Joshua's Greatest War Victory!
Why Is It Called the Promised Land?
Kings of Israel and Judah List
Abraham's Family Tree Chart
Did Lot Have Sex with His Daughters?
Greatest Old Testament Events!

Important Old Testament People
Aaron  to  Cyrus 
Daniel  to  Gideon
Goliath  to  Jesse
Jezebel  to  Melchizedek
Methuselah  to  Obadiah 
Rachel  to  Shem
Sisera  to  Zipporah

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