Sarah, whose named was changed from Sarai by God (Genesis 17), was the wife of Abraham. After she was healed of being barren her entire life she gave birth to Isaac when she was 91 years old! Sarah is noteworthy in the Old Testament (and the entire Bible) as the only woman where her age at death, 127 years old, is recorded (Genesis 23:1).
Satan the devil
Satan was originally a righteous angel named Lucifer whose name meant "light bringer." He and other angels willfully disobeyed and rebelled against God and in the process became demons (Revelation 12). Lucifer's name was then changed to Satan which means "the adversary."
Lucifer corrupted himself through lust (pride) and vanity. He sought nothing less than knocking God off his throne and taking control of the entire universe (Ezekiel 28, Isaiah 14)! He and his demons, however, were perfectly defeated and cast down to the earth as quick as lightning (Luke 10:18). Satan, in the near future, will be put to death for his rebellion.
Saul was of the tribe of Benjamin and was anointed by Samuel as Israel's first human king. He reigned over God's people for forty years, from 1050 to 1010 B.C. He took a young King David into his service but out of jealousy grew to hate him and then tried to kill him. He lost his chance to have his descendants rule over Israel due to disobeying the Eternal (1Samuel 11).
One of Saul's great sins was consulting the witch of Endor in order to try and contact a dead Samuel (1Samuel 28). He ultimately died in battle with son Jonathan. Saul is also name of the apostle Paul before he was converted (Acts 13:9).
Sennacherib was the most famous of the kings of Assyria. He foolishly taunted God when he was planning to destroy Jerusalem and its inhabitants in 701 B.C. His entire army of 185,000 troops was killed so quickly, by a SINGLE angel, such that none of them fired a single arrow or even was able to alert anyone regarding what was happening (Isaiah 37:33 - 38)!
Seth is Adam and Eve's third son. He was born after Cain killed his brother Abel.
Shadrach, Meshach, Abednego
Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego were the Babylonian names of three Hebrew youths named Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah. They, along with the prophet Daniel, were taken from Jerusalem into Babylonian captivity by Nebuchadnezzar in 605 B.C. and made to serve the king. All four of the Hebrew young men, according to Josephus, were of royal blood and were (or were made by Nebuchadnezzar) eunuchs.
When the three refused to worship an enormous golden idol erected by the king they were thrown into a fiery furnace (Daniel 3). They were miraculously kept from burning alive, however, by the appearance of a fourth person in the furnace who looked like "a son of the gods" (Daniel 3:25, HBFV). Shocked and stunned at what he saw, Nebuchadnezzar declared Israel's God the only Being worthy of worship and promoted the three men in his government.
He was the Assyrian king who conquered Samaria, Israel's (Northern 10 Tribes of Israel) capital, in 723 B.C. He took the Israelites captive and transported them to Assyria.
Shem is one of the sons of Noah who survived the flood in the ark. He lived a total of 600 years and is in the lineage of Jesus.
Sisera was the army commander of Canaanite king Jabin (Judges 4:1 - 2). God allowed the king, because of Israel's sins, to oppress his people for twenty years. He then raised up Deborah and Barak to save his chosen from Jabin's yoke.
Deborah and Barak routed Sisera and his forces near Megiddo, causing him to flee the battlefield. Sisera ended up hiding in a tent, where a woman named Jael killed him by driving a tent peg through his head when he was sound asleep (Judges 4:17 - 18, 21 - 22)!
Solomon was one of King David's sons through Bathsheba. After becoming king he asked the Eternal to give him "an understanding heart" with which to rule. He was given not only wisdom but riches and honor (1Kings 3:10 - 13) unlike any king before or since!
Solomon built Jerusalem's first temple. His 700 wives and 300 concubines turned his heart, when he was old, away from serving the Creator (1Kings 11). He wrote Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon, and most of the book of Proverbs.
Terah (Genesis 11:26) is the father of the Old Testament patriarch Abraham (initially named Abram). He is the 19th person in the physical lineage of Jesus Christ.
After Abraham's marriage to Sarah, Terah moved his family (which included Abraham's brothers Nahor and Haran, as well as Lot (the son of Haran)) from the city of Ur to a place that would be named after Haran. Abraham, Sarah and Lot, after Terah's death at the age of 205, left Haran and journeyed to the land of Canaan (Genesis 12).
Tiglath-pileser III (also referred to as Pul in the Old Testament) was king of the mighty Assyrian Empire from 745 to 727 B.C. He was so powerful during his life that Menahem, king of Israel, paid him 1,000 talents of silver ($16.4 million dollars in today's money, assuming silver is $15 U.S. per troy ounce) not to attack him (2Kings 15:19 - 20)! Tiglath-pileser's reign was marked by a rapid expansion of Assyria's empire.
Apart from Aaron, Israel's first High Priest, Zadok is the most well known and influential Old Testament person to serve in such a position before God. During the latter part of David's reign he was one of the two primary priests used by the king (2Samuel 8:17).
Abiathar shared the duties of High Priest with Zadok when David was nearing the end of his life. Abiathar's support of David's son Adonijah to be the next king, however, instead of Solomon, cost him his leadership role when Solomon finally assumed the throne (1Kings 2:26 - 27). Zadok then became the sole High Priest in Israel, an ascension that was prophecied to occur (1Samuel 2:30 - 36).
After Zadok's death his descendants continued to be High Priests before God. In fact, because the Levites apostasized when Israel as a whole pursued idolatry, God demoted their responsibilities to being merely caretakers of the temple. Only the sons of Zadok were allowed to be High Priest and fulfill the position's special role before the Eternal (Ezekiel 44:10 - 16).
Zechariah is one of the Old Testament's Minor Prophets. He foretold the coming of God's kingdom preceded by the rebuilding of his temple in Jerusalem.
Zephaniah is one of the Minor Prophets. He gave prophecies concerning God's indignation, Israel's repentance and salvation.
Zerubbabel led emancipated Jews, living in Babylon, to Jerusalem. He was named Prince and Governor of Judah. He also directed the rebuilding of Jerusalem's altar and temple (Ezra 1, 3).
Zilpah was the handmaid of Leah who was one of Jacob's wives. When Leah thought she could have no more children she gave Zilpah to Jacob (Genesis 30). Zilpah gave birth to two sons of Jacob (Israel) named Gad and Asher.
Zipporah was the daughter of a Midianite priest who was Moses' wife. She got angry at Moses for risking his life by not circumcising their son (Exodus 4:24 - 26). After she got angry Moses sent her and their two sons back to her Midianite father. They later reunite (Exodus 18:2 - 6) but nothing else is stated about her. Read our interesting article discussing what was her race.