Ebal to Elihu
Meaning of Bible Names

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Ebal
Read our dedicated article.

Ebenezer
Stone of the help
Strong's #H72

After the Philistines defeat Israel in 1085 B.C. they claim the Ark of the Covenant, located near Ebenezer, as a spoil of war. The Ark only returns to Israel's possession after God, somewhat humorously, intervenes.

Several years later, the Philistines attack Israel at Mizpeh. God, however, miraculously saves his people by causing loud thunder to startle and frighten the enemy! The prophet Samuel, in recognition of the victory, sets up a stone pillar named Ebenezer to commemorate God's help.

References
1Samuel 4:1, 5:1, 7:12

Additional Study:

Eber
The region beyond
Strong's #H5677

Several Biblical people are named Eber, the most noteworthy of which was the son of Salah born in 2246 B.C. His name is used to derive the term "Hebrew" to describe his descendants. The word is Biblically used for the first time, six generations later, when Abram (Abraham) is called a Hebrew (Genesis 14:13).

References
Genesis 10:21 - 25, 11:14 - 17, Numbers 24:24, 1Chronicles 1:18 - 25, 8:12, Nehemiah 12:20

Additional Study:

Ed
Witness
Strong's #H5707

Ed is the name of an altar built, east of the Jordan River, by the tribes of Gad and Reuben. It was constructed in order to be a witness that Yahweh is God.

As an interesting side note, the word Ed, at just two letters, is one of the shortest names in the entire Bible. Others short references include Ai (Joshua 7:2), Ar (Numbers 21:15), Er (Genesis 38:3) and others.

References
Joshua 22:34

Eden
Read our dedicated article.

Eder
A flock
Strong's #H5740

Eder was a city given to the tribe of Judah as an inheritance in the Promised Land. Eder was also the name of a person in the tribe of Benjamin and another one who was a Levite.

References
Joshua 15:21, 1Chronicles 23:23, 24:30

Edom
Read our dedicated article.

Edrei
Mighty, goodly pasture
Strong's #H154

Edrei was a city in the tribe of Manasseh's territory east of the Jordan River. The city was on a major north-south trading route known as the King's Highway.

References
Numbers 21:33, Deuteronomy 1:4, 3:1, 10, Joshua 12:4, 13:12, 31, 19:37

Eglaim
Double reservoir (pond)
Strong's #H97

Eglaim was a city located east of the Dead Sea in the land of Moab.

References
Isaiah 15:8

Eglon
Calf-like
Strong's #H5700

The king of Eglon was one of the thirty-one rulers conquered by Joshua. His city was given to the tribe of Judah as an inheritance in the Promised Land.

Eglon was also the name of a Moabite King who oppressed ancient Israel for eighteen years. God's people were set free from his domination, however, through the Israelite Judge Ehud.

References
Joshua 10:3, 5, 23, 34, 36, 37, 12:12, 15:39, Judges 3:12 -17

Egypt
Read our dedicated article.

Ehud
United
Strong's #H261

Ehud, from the tribe of Benjamin, was a rare left-handed warrior. After freeing the people from domination by King Eglon, he serves as Israel's Judge for eighty years (1292 to 1212 B.C.). His service is the longest of any Judge.

References
Judges 3:15

Ekron
Read our dedicated article.

Elah
An oak
Strong's #H425

Several Biblical people are named Elah. One of Esau's eleven sons who were considered chieftains ("dukes" in the KJV) of Edom was named Elah.

The fourth ruler over the Kingdom of Israel, after its split with Judah, was also named Elah. He ruled from 886 to 885 B.C. Later, another Elah was the father of Hoshea, the last king of Israel before the nation went into captivity. Others who possessed this name include one of Caleb's sons and a son of Uzzi.

References
Genesis 36:41, 1Samuel 17:2, 19, 21:9, 1Kings 4:18, 16:6 - 14, 2Kings 17:1, 18:1, 9, 1Chronicles 1:52, 4;15, 9:8

Additional Study:

Elam
Read our dedicated article.

Elbethel
The God of the House of God, God of Bethel
Strong's #H416

Elbethel was a location named by the patriarch Jacob after God appeared to him.

References
Genesis 35:7

Eleazar
God is helper, God has helped
Strong's #H499

References
Exodus 6:23 - 25, 28:1, Leviticus 10:6 - 16, Numbers 3:2 - 4, 32, 4:16, 16:37 - 39, etc.

Elelohe-Israel
The mighty God of Israel (Jisrael)
Strong's #H415

Elelohe-Israel was the name Jacob gave an altar he erected near the city of Shalem.

References
Genesis 33:20

Elhanan
God has been gracious
Strong's #H445

Elhanan was the name of one of King David's thirty-seven mighty men of valor. He is noteworthy for killing Lahmi, the giant brother of Goliath, in battle.

References
2Samuel 21:19, 23:24, 1Chronicles 11:26, 20:5

Eli
Lofty, ascension
Strong's #H5941

Eli was both a High Priest and Judge in Israel. He took care of a young Samuel after his mother Hannah dedicated him to God's service.

His corrupt behavior, and that of his two sons Phinehas and Hophni who ministered at God's tabernacle in Shiloh, earned him God's condemnation (1Samuel 3:11 - 14). Both his sons would eventually die in battle and he would die through an accident. King Solomon fulfilled the prophecies given against Eli by removing Abiathar, his descendant, from serving as High Priest.

References
1Samuel 1 - 4, 14:3, 1Kings 2:27

Eliahba
God hides
Strong's #H455

Eliahba was one of King David's thirty-seven mighty men of valor who zealously fought for him.

References
1Chronicles 11:33, 2Samuel 23:32

Eliakim
God of raising, God sets up
Strong's #H471, #G1662

References
2Kings 18:18 - 37, 19:2, 23:34, 2Chronicles 36:4, Nehemiah 12:41, Isaiah 22:20, 36:3, 11, 22, 37:2, Matthew 1:13, Luke 3:30

Eliam
God of the people, God is kinsman
Strong's #H463

References
2Samuel 11:3, 23:34

Elias
See our entry for Elijah.

Eliasaph
Gatherer, God has added
Strong's #H460

References
Numbers 1:14, 2:14, 3:24, 7:42, 47, 10:20

Eliezer
God is (of) help
Strong's #H461, #G1663

References
Genesis 15:2, Exodus 18:4, 1Chronicles 7:8, 15:24, 23:15 - 17, 26:25, 27:16, 2Chronicles 20:37, Ezra 8:16, 10:18, 23, 31, Luke 3:29

Elihu
God of him, He is my God
Strong's #H453

Several Old Testament people are named Elihu, the most famous of which righteously corrected Job when Job's three friends could not.

References
1Samuel 1:1, 1Chronicles 12:20, 26:7, 27:18, Job 32:2 - 6, 34:1, 35:1, 36:1

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Meaning of Biblical Names
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Series Notes
Scripture quotes are taken from
the King James translation.
The meaning and definition of each listing
is derived from a variety of sources.


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