Height, elevation, fortified
Revelation 1:11, 2:12
Conquering the Medes in 549 B.C. and the Babylonians in 539, the Persian (Medo-Persian) empire is considered the most powerful of the ancient empires. At its peak, it controlled more than 2.9 million square miles (7.5 million square kilometers) of land and spanned three continents (Asia, Africa and Europe).
For more information, please see our article on the Medes.
2Chronicles 36:20 - 23, Ezra 1:1 - 8, 3:7, 4:3 - 24, 6:14, 7:1, 9:9, Esther 1:3, 14, 18, 10:2, Ezekiel 27:10, 38:5, Daniel 8:20, 10:1, 13, 20, 11:2
A Persian woman
Persis was an important woman in Rome greeted by the Apostle Paul in the last chapter of Romans. The apostle stated she was greatly beloved and had worked hard to serve fellow Christians.
Peter (Simon Peter)
Peter, the brother of Andrew, was the third person Jesus personally called to be one of his disciples. Both he and his brother Andrew, who lived in Bethsaida (John 1:44), worked together as fishermen (Matthew 4:18 - 20, Mark 1:16 - 18). At the time of his calling Peter, whose original name was Simon, was married (Mark 1:29 - 31).
Peter was one of only three witnesses to Jesus' transfiguration (the other two being James and John, Matthew 17). He also walked on water with Jesus (Matthew 14) and denied him three times just before the crucifixion (Matthew 26). He wrote two books that were included in the New Testament.
Matthew 4, 8, 10, etc., Mark 3, 5, 8, 9, etc. Galatians 1:18, 2:7 - 14, 1Corinthians 1:12, 3:22, 9:5, 15:5, 1Peter 1:1, 2Peter 1:1, 3:15 - 16
Genesis 38:29, 46:12, Numbers 26:20 - 21, Ruth 4:12, 18, 1Chronicles 2:4 - 5, 4:1, 9:4
A (religious) separatist
The Pharisees were one of the most influential religious groups during the New Testament period. Their most respected teacher, Gamaliel, taught the young Saul (Paul) who grew to be a zealous Pharisees and persecutor of the early church. See our article on the Pharisees for more information.
Matthew 3:7, 5:20, 9:11, 34, 12:2 - 38, 15:1 - 12, 16:1 - 12, 19:3, 21:45, 22:15 - 41, 23:2 - 26, etc.
Rushing, rapid, swift
Pharpar, along with the Abana, were two Biblical rivers near Damascus. The Pharpar river begins near Mount Hermon then travels eastward toward Damascus to flow roughly ten miles south of the city. See our article on the Abana River for more information and a map showing its location.
Phoebe is spelled Phebe in the KJV New Testament.
Phoebe was a female leader in the Christian church at Cenchrea. Paul commends her help not only to him but also to the rest of the church.
Romans 16:1 - 2
The city of Philadelphia was located in the far western part of the Asia Minor Roman province of Asia. The church, one of the seven mentioned in Revelation, receives a spiritual assessment directly from Jesus Christ.
Revelation 1:11, 3:7
One who kisses, friendly
Philemon was a Christian living in Colosse who was a friend and helper of Paul. Every Sabbath he hosted a house church where believers came together to worship God and discuss Scripture (Philemon 1:2).
Philetus was a false teacher who, along with Hymenseus, promoted the heretical belief that the resurrection from the dead had already took place. According to one Biblical commentary, this teaching was a Gnostic heresy held by the Nicolaitans. Paul felt it necessary to warn his friend Timothy, in his last letter, to be wary of such false doctrines.
2Timothy 2:17 - 18
Lover (fond) of horses
Matthew 10:3, Mark 3:18, Luke 6:14, John 1:43 - 50, 6:5 - 7, 12:20 - 22, 14:8 - 13, Acts 1:13, 21:8
Read our dedicated article.
The Philistines were easily ancient Israel's longest, fiercest and most implacable enemy. They are mentioned by name more than 285 times in the KJV Old Testament!
The earliest known confronting between the Philistines and God's people occurred when wells dug by Abraham were filled in by them in the days of Isaac (Genesis 26:14 - 18). For more detailed information see our article on the Philistines.
Genesis 21:32 - 34, 26:1 - 18, Exodus 13:17, 23:31, Joshua 13:2 - 3, Judges 3:3, 31, 10:6 - 11, 13:1 - 5, 14:1 - 4, 15:3 - 20, 16:5 - 30, 1Samuel 4:1 - 17, 5:1 - 11, 6:1 - 21, etc.
Fond of words, talkative, lover of the Word
Philologus was one of many Christians in Rome saluted in Romans by the Apostle Paul. He seems to have attended a house church where Julia, Nereus, Olympas and others met each Sabbath.
Mouth of a serpent, mouth of brass
Phinehas was the grandson of Aaron, Israel's first High Priest. He became High Priest after his father Eleazar died.
Exodus 6:25, Numbers 25:7, 11, 31:6, Joshua 22:13 - 32, 24:33, Judges 20:28, 1Samuel 1:3, 3:24, 4:4 - 19, 14:3, 1Chronicles 6:4, 50, 9:20, Ezra 7:5, 8:2, 33, Psalm 106:30
Phlegon was one of many Christians in Rome greeted by the Apostle Paul in the last chapter of Romans. He was likely a member of a house church.
Read our dedicated article.
Read our dedicated article.
Phrygia was an Asia Minor area that straddled the Roman provinces of Asia and Galatia. People from this region were in Jerusalem on the Day of Pentecost in 30 A.D.
The Apostle Paul travelled through Phrygia during his second and third missionary journeys.
Acts 2:10, 16:6, 18:23, 1Timothy 6:21 (end notes)
Fugitive, a little fugitive
Both Phygellus and Hermogenes were Christians from Asia who turned away from the Apostle Paul. The apostle conveyed their rejection to his close friend Timothy while he waited for martyrdom in Rome.
Mouth of loathing
Pibeseth was the name of an Egyptian city God punished for her many sins.
Place where sedge grows, mouth of the gorges
Pihahiroth is the place where the children of Israel, under Moses, camped just before crossing the Red Sea.
Exodus 14:2, 9, Numbers 33:7 - 8
Pilate (Pontius Pilate)
Strong's #G4194, #G4091
Pontius means "of the sea" or "bridged" (Strong's #G4194) while Pilate means "firm" or "armed with a spear" (Strong's #G4091). Pontius Pilate was the Roman Prefect over Judea from 26 to 36 A.D. He approved of and ordered the death penalty be carried out against Jesus Christ in 30 A.D.
Proof that Pilate governed for Rome in Judea was found in 1961. A carved limestone block called the Pilate Stone was discovered in Caesarea which not only listed his name but also labeled him the Prefect of the province.
Matthew 27:2, 57 - 58, Mark 15:43 - 45, Luke 3:1, 13:1, 23:52, John 18:28 - 40, 19:38, Acts 3:13, 4:27, 13:28, 1Timothy 6:13