Known but not named
Which wives of famous husbands are mentioned but not named in the Bible? Some of these ladies include the wife of Cain (Genesis 4:17), Lot (Genesis 19:26, Luke 17:32), Job (Job 2:9) and Isaiah (Isaiah 7:3, 8:3). We know the four men who survived the flood (Noah, Shem, Ham and Japheth). The names of their wives, however, who would be integral to repopulating the earth, are not recorded (Genesis 7:7).
Gideon had many wives (Judges 8:30), none of which are named, who bore him seventy sons! Although the Bible names the famous (but notorious) Jezebel as King Ahab's wife (1Kings 16:31), he had many other wives not named. These women produced at least seventy sons, and an unknown number of daughters, for him (2Kings 10:1).
We are not told the name of Manoah's wife who miraculously gave birth to Samson (Judges 13) or even Samson's mate (Judges 14). The wife of Jeroboam, the northern kingdom of Israel's first king, is also unknown (1Kings 14).
The prophet Ezekiel was married but his wife's name went unrecorded. He was directly forbidden by God to mourn for her when she died (Ezekiel 24:16 - 18). Lastly, the wives of Peter and the other apostles are also lacking in the Bible (Mark 1:30, 1Corithians 9:5).
Names of famous spouses
Although the wives of many husbands go unnamed in the Bible, several of them are known. Some of the women named as married to scripturally famous husbands are listed below. These lists do not include females who were considered part of a man's concubine (e.g. Hagar and others).
In the Old Testament, the husbands who had the name of their wife(s) recorded in the Bible include Adam (Eve, Genesis 3:20), Abraham (Sarah, Keturah, Genesis 11:29, 25:1), Isaac (Rebekah, Genesis 24:67), Jacob (Leah, Rachel, Genesis 29:25, 28) and Joseph (Asenath, Genesis 41:45).
We also know the wives of Moses (Zipporah, Exodus 2:21), Heber (Jael, Judges 4:17), Boaz (Ruth, Ruth 4:13), David (Michal, Ahinoam, Abigail, Maacah, Haggith, Abital, Eglah, Bathsheba, 1Samuel 18:27, 2Samuel 3:2 - 5, 11:27) and Ahab (Jezebel, 1Kings 16:31).
In the New Testament, men whose wife's name are recorded include Zacharias (Elizabeth, Luke 1:5), Joseph (Mary, Luke 1:27), Ananias (Sapphira, Acts 5:1), Felix (Drusilla, Acts 24:24), Agrippa (Bernice, Acts 25:13), and Aquila (Priscilla, Acts 18:2).
The price of a wife
Instead of asking for a dowry, King Saul required David to bring him the foreskins of one hundred Philistines (meaning he had to kill them). Zealous David responded by having him and his men kill two hundred of Israel's enemy and bringing back to Saul the evidence he required. David was then able to wed Michal as his first of many wives (1Samuel 18:25 - 27).