Comparison of Islamic
and Christian Beliefs

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Beliefs  Islamic Teaching  Christian Teaching

The Religion

 

Islam means submission to God

 

The word Christian means a disciple of Jesus Christ.

Names of God

 

Allah, which means "the God," the Forgiving, Merciful, Wise, All-knowing, Mighty, Helper, Protector, etc.

 

A person who is a Christian is to refer to God as their Father.

Nature of God

 

Allah is one. He begets not and He is not begotten and there is none like unto Him. (The term "Father" is never used in the Koran)

 

The Godhead is composed of two Beings, the Father and the Son. Note that the Trinity is not a New Testament doctrine.

God's purpose and plan

 

Allah does as He pleases.

 

The Eternal is currently working out a plan in which all humans come into the image of Jesus as His divine children.

What is Spirit?

 

An angel or created attribute. God is NOT spirit.

 

God, Jesus and the angels are composed of spirit. What is called the Holy Spirit is the power by which the Eternal and Jesus Christ perform their will. His spirit residing in a person makes them a Christian.

Islamic people in Bible Prophecy

Comparison of Muhammad to Jesus

Is Islam in the Bible?

Beliefs  Islamic Teaching  Christian Teaching

God's Spokesmen

 

Old Testament Prophets, Jesus, culminating in Muhammad. Muhammad was the paracletos (advocate).

 

Old Testament Prophets climaxing in Jesus, then followed by the apostles

Who is Jesus Christ?

 

Jesus is considered one of God's prophets, born through a woman named Mary and produced by the angelic power of Gabriel. Allah took Jesus while a phantom (ghost?) of him was put on the cross and crucified.

 

Jesus Christ, the only begotten Son of God, was miraculous conceived in the womb of Mary through the power of the Holy Spirit. Jesus, the deity of the Old Testament, divested himself of all his power and glory in order to become a human and die for the sins of all mankind.

God's Written Communication

 

Al Koran (the recitation) of 114 suras (units) supported by many volumes of hadith (traditions). The Koran was dictated to Muhammad by the Angel Gabriel in pure Classical Arabic. It is our link to God.

 

The Bible, composed of Old Testament books in Hebrew and Aramaic and New Testament books written in Greek.

Nature of Man

 

Sinless at birth with capacity for unlimited moral and spiritual progress through belief in God and faithful adherence to the teachings

 

Born sin-prone at birth, leading to natural enmity towards God. His grace and his Spirit gives humans the ability to turn from their evil ways and become holy.

Personal accountability

 

The activities of the wicked and of the saint, of the generous and of the grasping, are all Allah's creation. Allah may give up to seven spirits to a man. But those who choose good will be rewarded, and evil punished.

 

All have sinned and fallen short of the glory of God. The wages of sin is death. Our Father calls on humans to choose life, become a Christian, and depart from evil.

What are Believers?

 

"My slaves"

 

God's children (Romans 8:16)

Life after death

 

At the Resurrection the righteous go to the Garden of God but do not see him. Wicked dwell forever in fire. Those considered especially righteous do not need to await the Resurrection.

 

All humans will eventually be resurrected. All will have a genuine opportunity to be saved. The righteous will rule with Jesus in the Kingdom when the Eternal's throne is with men. Those who reject his way, the incorrigibly wicked, will be obliterated.

Martyrdom

 

"Call not those who are slain in the way of Allah `dead.' No, they are living, only ye perceive it not." (2:154) Each martyr has 72 virgins waiting for him in Paradise (Sermon at Al-Aqsa Mosque September 9, 2001 - cf. 56:37)

 

Jesus warned that those who believe in him will be hated, rejected and some ultimately killed (John 16:2, James 5:6-7)

Enemies

 

"Fight in the way of Allah against those who fight against you . . . And slay them wherever ye find them." (2:190) "Lo! Allah loveth those who battle for His cause in ranks, as if they were a solid structure." (61:4)

 

Believers are to love their enemies and pray for them. (Matthew 5:44, John 18:36)

Prayers

 

Ob'adah-b-Swa'met reported that Muhammad had said that the Almighty Allah required five prayers a day.

 

Believers are to pray in secret and to not let anyone know about it (Matthew 6:6)

Criminal Justice

 

"Retaliation is prescribed for you in the matter of the murdered." (2:178) "As for the thief, both male and female, cut off their hands." (5:38)

 

"So when they continued asking Him, He (Jesus) raised Himself up and said to them, 'He who is without sin among you, let him throw a stone at her first.' " (John 8:7, see also Romans 13:3-4)

Additional Study Materials
Why is the Dome of the Rock important to Islam?
How can a Christian become spiritually mature?
Comparison of Bible translations

Sources for Islamic beliefs
The Koran Interpreted by Arthur J. Arberry;
A Code of the Teachings of Al-Qur'an by Muhammad Sharif Chaudry;
Islam by Alford T. Welch, in A New Handbook of Living Religions;
A Comparative Study of Christianity and Islam by Ulfat Aziz-Us-Samad;
Islam and the Gospel of God by H. Spencer.



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