The Garden of Gethsemane
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The Garden of Gethsemane in mentioned directly only twice in the King James Bible (Matthew 26:36, Mark 14:32) and is referenced in John 18:1 and Luke 22:40. It is located on the western foot of the Mount of Olives, beyond the brook Kidron, and is only a short distance from Jerusalem. The garden is flat and less than 57 square yards (47 1/2 square meters) in area. Composed of two Hebrew words, the English word Gethsemane can mean "valley of fatness" or fertile valley, "olive press" or "oil press"
Although John calls the area where Gethsemane is located a garden, it was not a garden we would think have today. Rather than a place to grow vegetables and other foods, it was a place where the planting and harvesting of trees producing olives, pomegranates and figs took place. In Gethsemane there exists some olive trees that were planted roughly nine hundred years ago.
It was in the garden of Gethsemane that Judas betrayed Jesus after the Last Supper. It was this illegal arrest, which occurred just after midnight on Wednesday, April 5 in 30 A.D., that led to his crucifixion later in the day.
1. After saying these things, Jesus went out with His disciples to a place beyond the winter stream of Kidron, where there was a garden . . .
4. Jesus . . . went forward and said to them (Judas, the temple guards and religious leaders who came to arrest him), "Whom are you seeking?" 5. They answered Him, "Jesus the Nazarean." . . . Therefore, if you are seeking Me, allow these to go their way"; (John 18:1, 4-5, 8)