Mentioned specifically only twice in the King James Bible (Matthew 26:36, Mark 14:32), the Garden of Gethsemane is located on the western foot of the Mount of Olives, beyond the brook Kidron, and is only a short distance from Jerusalem. The garden is flat and less than 57 square yards (47 1/2 square meters) in area. Composed of two Hebrew words, the English word Gethsemane means "valley of fatness" or fertile valley and "olive press."
Although John calls the area where Gethsemane is located a garden, it was not a garden we would think have today. Rather than a place to grow vegetables and other foods, it was a place where the planting of olive and other types of trees took place. Some of the ancient olive trees growing in Gethsemane are up to 900 years old.
"Then cometh Jesus with them unto a place called Gethsemane, and saith unto the disciples, Sit ye here, while I go and pray yonder." (Matthew 26:36, KJV)"And they came to a place which was named Gethsemane: and he saith to his disciples, Sit ye here, while I shall pray." (Mark 14:32)
"When Jesus had spoken these words, He went out with His disciples over the Brook Kidron, where there was a GARDEN, which He and His disciples entered. And Judas, who betrayed Him, also knew the place; for Jesus often met there with His disciples.
"Then Judas, having received a detachment of troops, and officers from the chief priests and Pharisees, came there with lanterns, torches, and weapons. Jesus therefore, knowing all things that would come upon Him, went forward and said to them, 'Whom are you seeking?' They answered Him, 'Jesus of Nazareth.'
"Jesus said to them, 'I am He.' And Judas, who betrayed Him, also stood with them. Now when He said to them, 'I am He,' they drew back and fell to the ground. Then He asked them again, 'Whom are you seeking?' And they said, 'Jesus of Nazareth'
"Jesus answered, "I have told you that I am He. Therefore, if you seek Me, let these go their way," that the saying might be fulfilled which He spoke, 'Of those whom You gave Me I have lost none.' " (John 18:1- 9, NKJV)