How did Rome begin?
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The stuff of legend
According to legend the city of Rome was start in April 753 B.C. by twin boys named Romulus (Born circa 771 B.C., Died July 5th, circa 717 B.C.) and Remus (Born circa 771 B.C., Died April 21nd, circa 753 B.C.). It was said they were descendants of prince Aeneas.
After they were born, again according to stories passed on from generation to generation, the two future founders of Rome were laid near Tiber's banks, within a cradle, to avoid being killed. As the river's water rose, because of the tides, the two infants were taken downstream. They are then found by the god of the river and placed on top of Palatine Hill. A female wolf finds the babies and, with the help of a woodpecker, nurses and feeds them back to health. A shepherd ultimately finds the children and takes them home.
A city set on seven hills
In the years before the appearance of Jesus it was very common to refer to Rome as the city built on seven hills. When Romulus and Remus desired to construct a city near the Tibur (Tiber) River (which would afford protection from both pirates and from being attacking by an enemy fleet), legend states it was decided that it should be founded on seven hills. Seven, even in the Bible, is considered symbolic of 'perfect completion.' Rome's founders wanted the world to know that the city was destined to become great, powerful and very influential.
Rome's seven hills are, from the Northern-most then going east, are the Quirinal, Viminal, Esquiline, Caelian, Aventine, Capitoline and the hill near the middle of the city, Palatine. Not counted among the famed seven hills (which all lie east of the Tiber) is one called Vatican, which lies west of the river. It is on this hill that the Roman Catholic Church, in the year 1506 A.D., began constructing St. Peter's Basilica.