Does the Bible
forbid eating meat?
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Question: Does the Bible forbid eating meat? Does it teach we are not to kill animals for food but eat just vegetables?
Answer: The Bible has NEVER clearly commanded vegetarianism and eating meat is certainly permitted in New Testament times. We know that Jesus, when He appeared to his disciples after His resurrection, ate fish (Luke 24:41 - 43).
We know that under the law of Moses an enormous number of animals were ritualistically slaughtered and offered to God by various burnt sacrifices (See Leviticus 1, 3-7). The priests were allowed to eat the meat from what they offered under certain limitations (Leviticus 7:31 - 35). So it cannot be a sin to kill an animal intrinsically, for God had the priests kill thousands of animals over the centuries for these animal sacrifices. They represented the sacrifice of Jesus for humanity's sins in advance symbolically. The most direct case of this comes from the Passover. Each Israelite family (maybe with the neighbors included) was to take a lamb or goat, kill it, and (in the first Passover before Egypt) put its blood on the door posts and lintel overhead the threshold of the door. They were to eat it by morning, and burn the leftovers before daybreak. This is described in Exodus 12. Many centuries later, John the Baptist proclaimed that Jesus was the lamb of God offered to take away the world's sins (John 1:29, 36).
Abraham and Noah also had to kill animals in order to make sacrifices to God, which was LONG BEFORE the time of Moses and the establishment of the Levitical priesthood (Genesis 8:20; 22:7 - 8, 13). Under the law of clean and unclean foods, Israelites were allowed to eat cows, sheep, and goats, but weren't allowed to eat pigs, camels, and rabbits (Numbers 11, Deuteronomy 14:3 - 21). These general rules are the greatest proof God DOES NOT require vegetarianism of his people.
Although God didn't like how Israel in the wilderness demanded flesh to eat when they had a bad attitude, and punished them for it, He was still willing to provide them with a huge number of quail to eat in one special situation (Numbers 11:4, 13, 31 - 33). Obviously, it cannot be said that eating them was deliberately sinful, or God wouldn't have sent them the quail.