ANSWER: The belief you are asking about is such a wonderful topic to study in the Bible! Christian denominations have been built, or broken, on misunderstanding this Romans 8 doctrine. John Calvin, arguably the most well known proponent of predestination (although it was first formulated by Augustine, who lived from 354 to 430 A.D.), is one of the founders of Calvinism. John's father wanted him to study law. If he had listened to his dad we may not have had all the chaos and confusion this teaching has caused Christians and the Christian world in general!
One popular dictionary states that this doctrine teaches that the final salvation of some people is ordained from eternity by God (Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition). Calvinism itself defines predestination as the "eternal decree" of a perfect God who has, based on his will, already foreordained the eternal destiny (i.e. heaven or hell) of each human being before they are even born.
Let us think about the ramifications of believing in predestination. You could be the saintliest person on earth, yet despite all your goodness, you could end up in eternal torment. Another person, on the other hand, could be the worst sinner on earth, yet because God foreordained him he could spend eternity in the bliss of paradise. We may as well live a life of hedonism because it will not make one bit of difference in the end since God has already determined whom the "winners" and "losers" are!
The Bible verse used to justify this doctrine is in the Apostle Paul's epistle to the Romans, chapter 8.
"Because those whom He did foreknow, He also predestinated to be conformed to the image of His own Son . . . " (verse 29, Holy Bible in Its Original Order - A Faithful Version throughout)
So what does these controversial verses in Romans 8 REALLY mean? David Brollier tells us the following.
"He (God) knew our sinful nature would preclude that (conforming to Christ's image), so he extended his grace to all who would accept the sacrifice of his son for our sins. His goal was that we would be exactly like his son in holiness and purity, but knew that without his power reigning in us it could never happen."
3. Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, Who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly things with Christ; 4. According as He has personally chosen us for Himself before the foundation of the world in order that we might be holy and blameless before Him in love (Ephesians 1:3 - 4)
We are also told in the Bible that it was foreordained that those who believe and obey the eternal God should be adopted by Jesus himself, through whom we have an inheritance according to God's will (verse 11).
In the final analysis, what the Bible says about predestination has nothing to do with our future predetermined by our Creator. Our future is dependent on our decisions in life. As John Didymus Pope said, if God already has determined in advance just one person to die forever we would have to get rid of John 3:16, which is "For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, so that everyone who believes in Him may not perish, but may have everlasting life."