Key of David
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Question: What is the key of David? What does it symbolize?
Answer: What you are referring to only appears once in the Bible: "To the angel of the church in Philadelphia write: These are the words of him who is holy and true, who holds the KEY OF DAVID. What he opens no one can shut, and what he shuts no one can open." (Revelation 3:7, NIV, emphasis added)
The speaker is the resurrected Jesus, whom John sees in a vision, and the message is to the church at Philadelphia. But what exactly IS this key? The scriptures do not give us a direct answer to this question. There is a lot of conjecture and supposition on this subject but one should understand that the Bible does not specifically identify this object. That said, the one thing that made David unique was the promise God made to him. God, speaking through the prophet Jeremiah, prophesied of the descendent who would bring salvation and confirm His covenant:
"'The days are coming,' declares the LORD, 'when I will fulfill the gracious promise I made to the house of Israel and to the house of Judah. In those days and at that time I will make a righteous Branch sprout from David's line; he will do what is just and right in the land. In those days Judah will be saved and Jerusalem will live in safety. This is the name by which it will be called: The LORD Our Righteousness.'
"For this is what the LORD says: 'David will never fail to have a man to sit on the throne of the house of Israel, nor will the priests, who are Levites, ever fail to have a man to stand before me continually to offer burnt offerings, to burn grain offerings and to present sacrifices.' . . ."This is what the LORD says: 'If I have not established my covenant with day and night and the fixed laws of heaven and earth, then I will reject the descendants of Jacob . . . will not choose one of his sons to rule over the descendants of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. For I will restore their fortunes and have compassion on them.' " " (Jeremiah 33:14-18, 25-26, NIV)