Roman Rulers over Judea

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Roman Prefects
of Judea (6 to 41 A.D.)

Coponius (6 - 9)
M. Ambivius (9 - 12)
A. Rufus (12 - 15)
V. Gratus (15 - 26)
Pontius Pilate (26 - 36)
Marcellus (36 - 37)
Marullus (37 - 41)
 
Roman Procurators
of Judea (44 to c. 70 A.D.)

Cuspius Fadus (44 - 46)
Tiber. Alexander (46 - 48)
Vent. Cumanus (48 - 52)
M. Antonius Felix (52 - 60)
P. Festus (60 - 62)
L. Albinus (62 - 64)
G. Florus (64 - 66)
Marcus Antonius Julianus (66 - 70?)

Roman Governors of Syria
(6 B.C. to 69 A.D.)

P. Quinctilius Varus
M. Lollius
C. Marcius Censorinus(?)
L. Volusius Saturninus
P. Sulpic. Quirinius
Qu. Caecilius Creticus Silanus
Cn. Calpurn. Piso
Cn. Sent. Saturninus(?)
Aelius Lamia
L. Pompon. Flaccus
 L. Vitellius
P. Petronius
C. Vibius Marsus
C. Cass. Longinus
C. U. Quadratus
Domitius Corbulo
C. Itius (conjoined)
Cestius Gallus
C. Lic. Mucianus

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Paul's First Missionary Journey Map

The most well-known Roman Prefect in history is Pontius Pilate. The Jewish religious leaders who hated Jesus brought him to Pilate because, as Rome's governing authority in the area, he alone had the power to execute criminals. The New Testament also mentions the interaction of two other rulers of Judea with the most important person in the New Testament after Jesus himself - the apostle Paul.

In the late spring of 58 A.D. a riot at Jerusalem's temple ultimately leads to the apostle Paul's arrest by the Romans. Transported by armed guard out of Jerusalem, Paul is taken to Caesarea so that the accusations against him can be heard before Procurator Marcus Antonius Felix. The apostle is allowed to defend himself after Felix hears the testimony of several religious leaders who hate him and what he teaches. Felix, after hearing the apostle's defense, keeps him as a prisoner for at least two years in the hopes he will be BRIBED to free him! No bribe comes, however, and the case is left to Procurator Porcius Festus.

22. And after hearing these things, Felix, having a more perfect knowledge of the things concerning the way, put them off, saying, "When Lysias, the chief captain, has come down, I will examine the things concerning you." 23. And he ordered the centurion to keep Paul, to let him have liberty, and not to forbid those of his own to come to him or to minister to him.

26. Moreover, he was also hoping that money would be given to him by Paul, so that he might release him; for this reason, he sent for him and conversed with him more often. 27. But at the end of two years, Felix was succeeded as governor by Porcius Festus; and, desiring to gain favor for himself with the Jews, Felix left Paul bound (Acts 24:22 - 23, 26 - 27, HBFV).

Paul did not want to be transferred to Jerusalem for his trial, as there were many religious leaders in the city who hated him. He instead requests, and is granted, the right to have his case heard by Roman ruler Caesar himself! (Acts 25:1 - 2, 9 - 12).

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Roman Rulers over Judea