Red Line in Map - Abraham's journey from Ur of the Chaldees to Haran and then through the Promised Land to Shechem.
Red Dashed - Abraham's journey from an area between Bethel and Ai to Egypt.
Green Line - The route Abraham's most trusted servant Eliezer takes to Haran in order to find a wife for Isaac. This is done because the "father of the faithful" does not want Isaac to marry a Canaanite woman. Eliezer finds a virgin in Haran named Rebekah who agrees to be taken to marry Abraham's son. Isaac loves Rebekah from the moment he sees her (Genesis 24).
Yellow Line - Route Jacob takes to Haran in order to avoid being killed by brother Esau (Genesis 27).
Abraham was born in Ur of the Chaldees when his father, Terah, was 130 years old. Terah, at the age of 200, decides to move his entire family, which includes his grandson Lot, to Haran (Genesis 11:31). Terah dies in Haran five years later. Abraham, now 75 years old, leaves Haran and takes the family to the land of Canaan (the land of promise - Hebrews 11:9) in obedience to God's command.
The Lord said to Abram, 'Leave your country, your relatives, and your father’s home, and go to a land that I am going to show you' (Genesis 12:1).
Abraham settles for a short time in Shechem, where God promises to give his descendents all the land around him (Genesis 12:6 - 7). He soon journeys south from Shechem to an area between Bethel and Ai. It is while living in this general area that a great famine comes upon the land (Genesis 12:10). Abraham takes Sarah, Lot, and all their possessions to Egypt to escape the famine.
As they near Egypt Abraham, fearful the Egyptians will kill him in order to take his beautiful wife, tells Sarah (who is now more than 60 years old) to lie about her relationship with him.
It came about when he came near to Egypt, that he said to Sarai his wife, "See now, I know that you are a beautiful woman; and when the Egyptians see you, they will say, ‘This is his wife’; and they will kill me, but they will let you live. "Please say that you are my sister so that it may go well with me because of you, and that I may live on account of you" (Genesis 12:11 - 13).
Abraham's plan works but causes a great deal of problems for the Egyptians. First, not only is his life spared, he is treated well and given gifts by Egypt's Pharaoh (Amenemhat II) when the ruler brings Sarah to his house. God, however, brings plagues to Pharaoh and his house because of Sarah. The angry ruler soon confronts Abraham about his lie.
Then the king (Pharaoh of Egypt) sent for Abram and asked him, 'What have you done to me? Why didn’t you tell me that she was your wife? Why did you say that she was your sister, and let me take her as my wife? . . . ' (Genesis 12:18 - 19)
Abraham and family soon leave Egypt and go back to Canaan.