The first map to use the word America to refer to the United States appeared in 1507. A German mapmaker, erroneously attributing discovery of the new lands to explorer Amerigo Vespucci, labeled them America, which is a feminine version of Amerigo’s name. The only surviving copy of this map is owned by the U.S. Library of Congress.
Colonization of what would become the United States was begun by Britain in 1607 A.D. with the founding of Jamestown, Virginia. It continued to the founding of a formal Georgia colony in 1733. What few people realize is that Britain also indirectly colonized the west coast of North America (west of the Rocky Mountains) via licenses owned by the Hudson Bay Company. In the 18th century, the Empire had charter, royal and proprietary colonies in America.
Historians estimate that by 1775 the population of the colonies (not including tribes outside the colonies, tribes living under colonial control or slaves) was 2.4 million. In 1776, about 85% of the white population in the United States was of English, Irish, Scottish or Welsh descent, with 9% of German origin and 4% Dutch.
It took the Treaty of Paris, signed in 1783, for the United States to be globally recognized as an independent and sovereign nation.
The U.S., from its original thirteen colonies that became states from 1787 to 1790, added an additional thirty-seven states to the new union from 1791 to 1959. Victories in two 20th century global wars, coupled with the Cold War's end in 1991, has left the United States as the most powerful nation on the planet.
The United States is the fourth largest country in the world in terms of land area (9.83 million square kilometers) and the third biggest in term of population (329,256,465, July 2018 estimate). It is also the most technologically powerful economy in the world.
God has blessed the United States with an incredible amount of good farmland in order to grow a wide range of crops. The nation not only produces enough food to feed itself but also to sell to other countries, as well as assisting the needy around the world.
America has also been blessed with natural resources include coal, natural gas, petroleum, copper, lead, rare earth elements, uranium, gold, silver, iron, nickel and timber. The country is the third largest producer of crude oil in the world (2017 estimate) and is also the world's largest producer of natural gas.