Names of God

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Below are many of God's names and titles found in the Hebrew text used to create the Old Testament. The most common Hebrew words used for God, in descending order, are Jehovah, Elohim, Adonai and El.

Adon
Lord, lord(s), master(s)
Strong's #H113

The name Adon is used 335 times in the Hebrew text of the Old Testament. By itself, while it can be used as a reference to God, it many times is used to delineate human lords or masters, and sometimes false deities.

References
Deuteronomy 10:17, Joshua 3:11, 13, Nehemiah 3:5, 8:10, Psalm 8:1, etc.

Adon Jehovah
Lord God
Strong's #H113, #H3068

The name Adon Jehovah is used in the Biblical command to keep the annual feast (Holy) days.

References
Exodus 23:17, 34:23

Additional Study:

Adonai (Adonay)
Lord, the Lord
Strong's #H136

Adonai (Adonay), a variation of the Hebrew word Adon, is recorded 438 times in the Hebrew text version of the Old Testament. While Adon can sometimes be a reference to God, Adonai always is used as one.

While Adonai is correctly used in many verses, it was wrongly inserted into many others. The ancient Levitical Massorites, custodians of the Old Testament Biblical text, modified the vowel points of the noun Jehovah in 134 places. This changed the ancient text in these places to mistakenly read Adonai (Two Jehovahs of the Psalms, Chapter 1, by Carl Franklin). This means Adonai is correctly used in Scripture 304 times.

References
Genesis 18:3, 27, 30 - 32, 19:18, 20:4, Exodus 4:10, 13, etc.

Additional Study:

Adonai (Adonay) Jehovah
Lord God
Strong's #H136, #H3069

References
Genesis 15:2, 8, Deuteronomy 3:24, 9:26, Joshua 7:7, Judges 6:22, 16:28, 2Samuel 7:18, etc.

Additional Study:

Attiq Yomin
Ancient of days
Strong's #H6268, #H3118

Attiq Yomin only occurs three times in the entire Bible. The phrase is recorded in Daniel's description of a prophetic dream he was given of four great beasts: A lion, bear, leopard and one strong beast with iron teeth and ten horns.

References
Daniel 7:9, 13, 22

Additional Study:

El
God
Strong's #H410

The name El is used 242 times in the Hebrew Old Testament. When it refers to the One true God, it means mighty, "mighty one," or Almighty. El can also be used for pagan deities (Exodus 34:14, Deuteronomy 32:12, Judges 9:46, etc.).

El can be used, by itself, to designate God or can be coupled forming phrases such as El Shaddai, El Elyon and others.

References
Genesis 16:13, 31:13, 35:1, 3, 46:3, 49:25, Exodus 15:2, etc.

Additional Study:

El Elohe Yisrael
The mighty God of Israel
Strong's #H415

El Elohe Yisrael was the name Jacob gave to an altar he erected.

References
Genesis 33:20

El Elyon
God Most High
Strong's #H410, #H5945

El Elyon was used three times in Abram's (Abraham's) meeting with the mysterious priest and king of Salem known as Melchizedek.

References
Genesis 14:18 - 20, 22, Psalm 78:35

Additional Study:

El Olam
The Everlasting God
Strong's #H430, #H5769

References
Isaiah 40:28

El Roi
God Who Sees
Strong's #H410, #H7210

References
Genesis 16:13

Additional Study:

El Shaddi
The Almighty, God Almighty, Almighty God
Strong's #H410, #H7706

The name El Shaddi occurs seven times in the Hebrew Old Testament, with Shaddi occurring, by itself, forty-one times.

References
Genesis 17:1, 28:3, 35:11, 43:14, 48:3, Exodus 6:3, Ezekiel 10:5

Elohim
God (plural), god(s)
Strong's #H430

Elohim is used 2,601 times in the Hebrew Bible. The book of Deuteronomy uses it the most (374), followed by the Psalms (365) and then Genesis (218). The only Old Testament books that do not use the name Elohim are Esther, the Song of Solomon, Lamentations and Obadiah.

Elohim, which identifies God as Creator, is a plural form for the name El. This means it references a singular entity (the Godhead) composed of more than one Being.

Elohim can be used alone or coupled with other words such as Jehovah Elohim. By itself, Elohim can sometimes refer to pagan deities (Exodus 22:20, Judges 6:31, 8:33, etc.).

References
Genesis 1:1 - 12, 14, 16 - 18, 20 - 22, 24 - 29, 31, 2:2 - 5, 7 - 9, etc.

Additional Study:

Elohim Elyon
God Most High
Strong's #H430, #H5945

References
Psalm 57:2, 78:56

Elyon
The Most High, Highest
Strong's #H5945

Elyon can be used by itself to refer to God.

References
Numbers 24:16, Deuteronomy 32:8, 2Samuel 22:14, Psalm 9:2, 18:13, 21:7, 46:4, 50:14, 73:11, 77:10, 78:17, etc.

Additional Study:

Immanuel
God with us
Strong's #H6005, #G1694

Immanuel is spelled Emmanuel in the KJV and HBFV versions of Matthew 1:23.

References
Isaiah 7:14, 8:8, Matthew 1:23

Additional Study:

Jah
Lord, Jah
Strong's #H3050

Jah is the shortened form of Jehovah. It is recorded forty-nine times in the Hebrew, with forty-three of these occurrences found in the book of Psalms. Psalm 89, written by Ethan the Ezrahite (Psalm 89:1), reveals several of God's names in just three verses!

"For who in the heavens can be compared with the Lord (Jehovah)? Who among the sons of the mighty is like the Lord (Jehovah)?

"God (El) is greatly to be feared in the congregation of the saints . . . O Lord God (Jehovah Elohim) of hosts, who is mighty like you O Lord (Jah)? . . ." (Psalm 89:6 - 8, HBFV).

References
Exodus 15:2, 17:16, Psalm 68:4, 18, 77:11, 89:8, 94:7, 12, 102:18, 104:35, 105:45, etc.

Additional Study:

Jehovah
The Lord, God
Strong's #H3068

The four Hebrew consonants that make up Jehovah, YHVH, are known as the Tetragrammaton. They are the basis for God's name in the Bible and the foundation of the phrase "I Am that I Am" (Exodus 3:14, John 8:58). Jehovah conveys the meaning of a Being who is eternal and self-existing.

Jehovah is correctly found in the original Old Testament text 6,655 times. The book of Jeremiah uses it the most followed by the book of Psalms. Although it can be coupled with other words, such as the phrase Jehovah Elohim (Genesis 2:4), it can also occur by itself. Interestingly, the first place this word is used by itself is in relation to Cain (Genesis 4:1).

One of the well-known uses of Jehovah is as part of the Shema, or Jewish profession of faith, found in Deuteronomy 6:4. Psalm 89:6 - 8, which uses Jehovah, El, Jehovah Elohim and Jah in only three verses, reveals that all four names can be applied to both Beings in the Godhead.

References
Genesis 4:1, 3 - 4, 6, 9, 13, 15, 26, 5:29, 6:3, 5 - 8, 7:1, 5, 16, etc.

Additional Study:

Jehovah Asah
Lord (God) our maker
Strong's #H3068, #H6213

References
Psalm 95:6

Jehovah El Olam
Lord the Everlasting God
Strong's #H3068, #H410, #H5769

References
Genesis 21:33

Jehovah Elohim
Lord our God
Strong's #H3068, #H430

The phrase Jehovah Elohim reveals that there have always been two divine Beings in the Godhead.

". . . both God the Father and God the Son were known in Old Testament times as Jehovah. The Hebrew text also refers to the two Jehovahs individually as El and together as Elohim. Thus Jehovah Elohim is a plural name that refers to both divine Beings (in the Godhead)" (Two Jehovahs of the Pentateuch, Introduction, Carl Franklin).

What is called the Shema, or confession of the Jewish faith, initially consisted of only Deuteronomy 6:4 (1906 Jewish Encyclopedia). This confession includes a reference to Jehovah Elohim. The KJV Bible renders this verse, "Hear, O Israel: The Lord (Jehovah) our God (Elohim) is one Lord (Jehovah)"

References
Genesis 2:4 - 5, 7 - 9, 15 - 16, 18 - 19, 21 - 22, 3:1, 8 - 9, 13 - 14, 21 - 23, 9:26, etc.

Additional Study:

Jehovah Elyon
Lord Most High
Strong's #H3068, #H5945

References
Psalm 7:17, 47:2

Jehovah-Jireh
Jehovah will see, Jehovah sees, The Lord will provide
Strong's #H3070

Jehovah-jireh is the name Abraham gave Mount Moriah after God intervened to stop his sacrifice of Isaac.

References
Genesis 22:14

Additional Study:

Jehovah Kodesh
God (Lord) who sanctifies
Strong's #H3068, #H6942

Ancient Israel was commanded to keep his Sabbaths (seventh-day Sabbath and annual Feast days). These days, which were a sign between God and his people, were meant to be a regular reminder that it was He who sanctified (set apart, made holy, consecrated) them. These days are also a sign between God and true Christians that it is He who called and converted them into serving Him.

References
Exodus 31:13, Leviticus 20:8, 21:8, 15, 23, 22:9, 16, 32, Numbers 20:13, etc.

Additional Study:

Jehovah-Nissi
Jehovah is my banner
Strong's #H3071

Jehovah-nissi is the name Moses gave to an altar he built in the desert as the Israelites journeyed in the wilderness.

References
Exodus 17:15

Jehovah Rapha
The Lord who heals
Strong's #H3068, #H7495

References
Exodus 15:26, 2Kings 2:21, 20:8, Psalm 6:2, Isaiah 57:19

Additional Study:

Jehovah Rohi
The Lord is my Shepherd
Strong's #H3068, #H7462

References
Psalm 23:1

Additional Study:

Jehovah Sabaoth
Lord of Hosts
Strong's #H3068, #H6635

References
1Samuel 1:3, 11, 4:4, 15:2, 17:45, 2Samuel 6:2, 18, 7:8, 26 - 27, 1Kings 18:15, etc.

Jehovah-Shalom
Jehovah is peace
Strong's #H3073

Jehovahshalom is the name given by Gideon to an altar he built in Ophrah.

References
Judges 6:24

Additional Study:

Jehovah Shammah
The Lord is there
Strong's #H3068, #H8033

Ezekiel the prophet used Jehovah Shammah to describe the city of Jerusalem he saw in a vision.

References
Ezekiel 48:35

Jehovah Tsidkenu
The Lord our Righteousness
Strong's #H3068, #H6664

The phrase Jehovah Tsidkenu is used to describe Jesus Christ when he returns to rule the earth and save his people.

Interestingly, Strong's Concordance lists Jehovah-Tsidkenu as a single word (#H3072), a combination of #H3068 and #H6664, but states it does not appear in the original Hebrew of Scripture!

References
Jeremiah 23:6, 33:16

Additional Study:

Qedosh Yisrael
Holy One of Israel
Strong's #H6918, #H3478

References
2Kings 19:22, Psalm 71:22, 78:41, 89:18, Isaiah 1:4, 5:19, 24, 10:20, 12:6, etc.

Shaddi
Almighty, the Almighty
Strong's #H7706

The Hebrew name El is coupled with Shaddi seven times in the Bible. Shaddi by itself, howevers occurs forty-one times. By far the book of Job uses Shaddi by itself the most of any book with its thirty-one uses.

References
Genesis 49:25, Numbers 24:4, 16, Ruth 1:20 - 21, Job 5:17, 6:4, 14, 8:3, 5, 11, etc.

Additional Study:

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