Bible Meaning: Named for Alexander the Great
Strong's Concordance #G221, #G222
Alexandria, located in Africa in the country of Egypt, is named after its founder, Alexander the Great, who began it around 331 B.C. After Alexander's death Ptolemy took control of Egypt and built a ruling Greek dynasty that would last until the death of Cleopatra in 30 B.C.
Alexandria possessed a library of 700,000 volumes. It boasted one of the seven wonders of the ancient world, a giant lighthouse that stood between 393 (120 meters) and 450 feet (137 meters) tall. Additionally, the city is the place where the Hebrew Old Testament was translated into the Greek language (called the Septuagint) in the third century B.C.
During the New Testament period Alexandria was the capital of Egypt. Those from the city were some of the people who argued with and ultimately sought the death of Stephen, the first Christian martyr (Acts 6:9). It was also the birthplace of Apollos, a gifted Christian speaker and evangelist, who cooperated with the Apostle Paul in spreading the gospel (Acts 18:24).
According to the Wells Bible Atlas, it was John Mark who started a Christian church in Alexandria. Foxe's Book of Martyrs states he died in the city when those who worshipped the false god Serapis dragged him through the streets.
Then there arose certain of the synagogue, which is called the synagogue of the Libertines, and Cyrenians, and Alexandrians, and of them of Cilicia and of Asia, disputing with Stephen.
And a certain Jew named Apollos, born at Alexandria, an eloquent man, and mighty in the scriptures, came to Ephesus.
Act 27:5 - 6
And when we had sailed over the sea of Cilicia and Pamphylia, we came to Myra, a city of Lycia. And there the centurion found a ship of Alexandria sailing into Italy; and he put us therein.
And after three months we departed in a ship of Alexandria, which had wintered in the isle, whose sign was Castor and Pollux.