Bible Meaning: A step
Strong's Concordance #H804
Asshur, one of Shem's sons, settled in the general area of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. His name became the basis for the term Assyria that references both the nation and the people living in the land. Both Asshur and Assyria are derived from the same Hebrew word (Strong's #H804) and therefore can sometimes be used interchangeably in the Bible.
In 723 B.C., God allowed Assyria, as punishment for the Kingdom of Israel's many sins, to conquer Samaria and take the people out of the land as captives. Just a few years later, in 701, they threatened to destroy Jerusalem. After the Assyrians taunted Israel's God to stop them from taking the city, they suffered the worst military defeat in human history by losing 185,000 men in one night (2Kings 18 - 19)!
The children of Shem: Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram.
The sons of Shem: Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram, and Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and Meshech.
Name of nation and land
And the name of the third river is Hiddekel: that is it which goeth toward the east of Assyria. And the fourth river is Euphrates.
Out of that land went forth Asshur (Nimrod went out to Assyria), and builded Nineveh, and the city Rehoboth, and Calah,
And they dwelt from Havilah unto Shur, that is before Egypt, as thou goest toward Assyria: and he died in the presence of all his brethren.
2Kings 15:19 - 20, 29
And Pul the king of Assyria came against the land: and Menahem gave Pul a thousand talents of silver, that his hand might be with him to confirm the kingdom in his hand.
And Menahem exacted the money of Israel, even of all the mighty men of wealth, of each man fifty shekels of silver, to give to the king of Assyria. So the king of Assyria turned back, and stayed not there in the land . . .
In the days of Pekah king of Israel came Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, and took Ijon, and Abelbethmaachah, and Janoah, and Kedesh, and Hazor, and Gilead, and Galilee, all the land of Naphtali, and carried them captive to Assyria.
2Kings 16:7 - 10
So Ahaz sent messengers to Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, saying, I am thy servant and thy son: come up, and save me out of the hand of the king of Syria, and out of the hand of the king of Israel, which rise up against me.
And Ahaz took the silver and gold that was found in the house of the LORD, and in the treasures of the king's house, and sent it for a present to the king of Assyria.
And the king of Assyria hearkened unto him: for the king of Assyria went up against Damascus, and took it, and carried the people of it captive to Kir, and slew Rezin.
And king Ahaz went to Damascus to meet Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, and saw an altar that was at Damascus: and king Ahaz sent to Urijah the priest the fashion of the altar, and the pattern of it, according to all the workmanship thereof.
2Kings 17:3 - 4
Against him came up Shalmaneser king of Assyria: and Hoshea became his servant, and gave him presents.
And the king of Assyria found conspiracy in Hoshea: for he had sent messengers to So king of Egypt, and brought no present to the king of Assyria, as he had done year by year . . .