Bible Meaning: House of bread
Strong's Concordance #H1035, #G965
Bethlehem in Judea is also referenced as Bethlehem Ephratah (Ephrathah) in Micah 5:2, Ephrath (Genesis 35:19, 48:7) or Ephratah (Ruth 4:11) in the Bible. A city with the same name also existed within Zebulun's borders (Joshua 19:10 - 15).
Tradition has Rachel, the much beloved wife of Jacob, buried near the northern entrance of modern Bethlehem (Genesis 35:15). The events of the book of Ruth, one of only two Biblical books penned by women, take place near the city (Ruth 1:1 - 2).
Ibzan was a Judge of Israel from 1081 to 1074 B.C. Although he grew up and was buried in Bethlehem, Biblical commentaries are split between whether it references the city in Judah's or Zebulun's territory (Judges 12:10).
David, who was born in Bethlehem, was also anointed king by Samuel in the city (1Samuel 16). Later in his life, three of David's mightiest warriors risked their lives for him when they daringly retrieved water for him from Bethlehem's well (2Samuel 23:13 - 17).
Joseph, Jesus' stepfather, traced his legal lineage all the way back to King David and Bethlehem (Matthew 1). Mary's lineage, by blood, also traces back to the city (Luke 3).
And Rachel died, and was buried in the way to Ephrath, which is Bethlehem.
So they two went until they came to Bethlehem. And it came to pass, when they were come to Bethlehem, that all the city was moved about them, and they said, Is this Naomi?
And all the people that were in the gate, and the elders, said, We are witnesses. The LORD make the woman that is come into thine house like Rachel and like Leah, which two did build the house of Israel: and do thou worthily in Ephratah, and be famous in Bethlehem
And Samuel did that which the LORD spake, and came to Bethlehem. And the elders of the town trembled at his coming, and said, Comest thou peaceably?
But David went and returned from Saul to feed his father's sheep at Bethlehem.
2Samuel 23:15 - 16
And David longed, and said, Oh that one would give me drink of the water of the well of Bethlehem, which is by the gate!
And the three mighty men brake through the host of the Philistines, and drew water out of the well of Bethlehem, that was by the gate, and took it, and brought it to David: nevertheless he would not drink thereof, but poured it out unto the LORD.
But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, though thou be little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee shall he come forth unto me that is to be ruler in Israel: whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting.
Then Herod, when he saw that he was mocked of the wise men, was exceeding wroth, and sent forth, and slew all the children that were in Bethlehem, and in all the coasts thereof, from two years old and under, according to the time which he had diligently enquired of the wise men.
And it came to pass, as the angels were gone away from them into heaven, the shepherds said one to another, Let us now go even unto Bethlehem, and see this thing which is come to pass, which the Lord hath made known unto us.
Hath not the scripture said, That Christ cometh of the seed of David, and out of the town of Bethlehem, where David was?