Bible Meaning: Village of comfort
Strong's Concordance #G2584
The city of Capernaum, recorded only in the Gospel accounts, is located on the northwestern shore of the Sea of Galilee. During the New Testament period, it was one of Galilee's economic centers.
Jesus, near the beginning of his public ministry, left Nazareth and made Capernaum his primary residence (Matthew 4:13 - 17) during his entire ministry. This move fulfilled a prophecy given by the prophet Isaiah (Isaiah 9:1 - 2).
Capernaum and its surrounding area witnessed many of Christ's mighty miracles. These include the casting out of a demon from someone who attended church (Luke 4:33 - 35) and the healing of a Roman Centurion's servant simply by commanded it (Matthew 8:5 - 13)! The Lord also performed one of his three known resurrections from the dead when he brought back to life the young daughter of a synagogue ruler (Matthew 9:23 - 25).
According to Holman's Bible Dictionary, second century A.D. Talmudic sources refer to Capernaum as the home of Jewish heretics (Minim). These heretics are generally believed to have been Jewish (Messianic) Christians.
And leaving Nazareth, he came and dwelt in Capernaum, which is upon the sea coast, in the borders of Zabulon and Nephthalim
Matthew 8:5 - 6
And when Jesus was entered into Capernaum, there came unto him a centurion, beseeching him, and saying, Lord, my servant lieth at home sick of the palsy, grievously tormented.
And thou, Capernaum, which art exalted unto heaven, shalt be brought down to hell: for if the mighty works, which have been done in thee, had been done in Sodom, it would have remained until this day.
And when they were come to Capernaum, they that received tribute money came to Peter, and said, Doth not your master pay tribute?
And he came to Capernaum: and being in the house he asked them, What was it that ye disputed among yourselves by the way?
And he said unto them, Ye will surely say unto me this proverb, Physician, heal thyself: whatsoever we have heard done in Capernaum, do also here in thy country.
And came down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee, and taught them on the sabbath days.
After this he went down to Capernaum, he, and his mother, and his brethren, and his disciples: and they continued there not many days.
John 6:16 - 17
And when even was now come, his disciples went down unto the sea, and entered into a ship, and went over the sea toward Capernaum. And it was now dark, and Jesus was not come to them.
John 6:52, 59
The Jews therefore strove among themselves, saying, How can this man give us his flesh to eat? . . . These things said he in the synagogue, as he taught in Capernaum.