Bible Meaning: The skull
Strong's Concordance #G2532
Golgotha is the place where Jesus, in 30 A.D., was put to death by the Romans along with others the empire deemed worthy of death. The gospel writer Luke refers to this location, outside of Jerusalem's city wall, as Calvary (Luke 23:33), a word which means "a skull" (Strong's Concordance #G2898).
The 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia records an interesting tradition regarding related to Golgotha and Adam, the first human created by God.
"His (Adam's) body, made an object of worship by some semi-pagan Melchisedician sect, according to the Christian Book of Adam, was shown in Talmudic times at Hebron, in the cave of Machpelah, while Christian tradition placed it in Golgotha near Jerusalem" (1906 Jewish Encyclopedia article on Adam).
Please see our other article dedicated to Golgotha for more information.
Matthew 27:31 - 33
And after that they had mocked him, they took the robe off from him, and put his own raiment on him, and led him away to crucify him. And as they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name: him they compelled to bear his cross.
And when they were come unto a place called Golgotha, that is to say, a place of a skull . . .
Mark 15:21 - 22
And they compel one Simon a Cyrenian, who passed by, coming out of the country, the father of Alexander and Rufus, to bear his cross.
And they bring him unto the place Golgotha, which is, being interpreted, The place of a skull.
John 19:15 - 17
But they cried out, Away with him (Jesus), away with him, crucify him. Pilate saith unto them, Shall I crucify your King? The chief priests answered, We have no king but Caesar.
Then delivered he him therefore unto them to be crucified. And they took Jesus, and led him away. And he bearing his cross went forth into a place called the place of a skull, which is called in the Hebrew Golgotha.
Luke 23:32 - 33
And there were also two other, malefactors, led with him (Jesus) to be put to death.
And when they were come to the place (Golgotha), which is called Calvary, there they crucified him, and the malefactors, one on the right hand, and the other on the left.