Bible Meaning: Castle, village
Strong's Concordance #H2674
There are several cities named Hazor in Scripture. The first two are within the tribal inheritance of Judah (Joshua 15:23, 25). Another city of the same name was also located a short distance from Jerusalem at the time of Nehemiah the prophet (Nehemiah 11:33).
The fourth, and most important Hazor, was within the territory given to the tribe of Naphtali as an inheritance in the Promised Land.
In Scripture, the name Hazor is used as a generic reference to Arab kingdoms threatened by Babylon's King Nebuchadnezzar (Jeremiah 49:28 - 33).
Source of power
Joshua greatest victory during the conquest of Canaan was his defeat of enemy forces led by Jabin, the king of Hazor. Jabin's huge alliance, composed of Amorite, Hittite, Perizzite, Hivite and other fighters, sought to overpower the Israelites and stop their domination over the land of Canaan.
Israel's surprise attack, however, of Jabin's forces at Merom near Hazor, completely decimates their army! The king becomes one of thirty-one rulers conquered under Joshua (Joshua 12:19).
Hazor, burned to the ground by the Israelites (Joshua 11:11), was rebuilt and fortified under King Solomon as a defensive post (1Kings 9:15). During Pekah's rival rule of Israel the Assyrians, under Tiglathpileser, conquered several northern cities like Hazor and took captives back to Assyria (2Kings 15:29).
Joshua 11:1, 10
And it came to pass, when Jabin king of Hazor had heard those things, that he sent to Jobab king of Madon, and to the king of Shimron, and to the king of Achshaph . . .
And Joshua at that time turned back, and took Hazor, and smote the king thereof with the sword: for Hazor beforetime was the head of all those kingdoms.
Joshua 15:21, 23
And the uttermost cities of the tribe of the children of Judah toward the coast of Edom southward were Kabzeel, and Eder, and Jagur . . . and Kedesh, and Hazor, and Ithnan . . .
And this is the reason of the levy which king Solomon raised: for to build the house of the LORD, and his own house, and Millo, and the wall of Jerusalem, and Hazor, and Megiddo, and Gezer.
In the days of Pekah king of Israel came Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, and took Ijon, and Abelbethmaachah, and Janoah, and Kedesh, and Hazor, and Gilead, and Galilee, all the land of Naphtali, and carried them captive to Assyria.
Nehemiah 11:31, 33
The children also of Benjamin from Geba dwelt at Michmash, and Aija, and Bethel, and in their villages . . . Hazor, Ramah, Gittaim . . .
Jeremiah 49:30, 33
Flee, get you far off, dwell deep, O ye inhabitants of Hazor, saith the LORD: for Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon hath taken counsel against you, and hath conceived a purpose against you . . .
And Hazor shall be a dwelling for dragons, and a desolation for ever: there shall no man abide there, nor any son of man dwell in it.