Jezreel (Valley of)
Meaning of Bible Names

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Bible Meaning: God sows
Strong's Concordance #H3157

A man named Jezreel is a descendant from the tribe of Judah (1Chronicles 4:3). It is also the name God commanded Hosea to call his firstborn son as a prophecy of his wrath upon Israel (Hosea 1:4).

Location of Jezreel and its Valley in Ancient Israel Map

There are additionally two cities called Jezreel. The first, in the southern part of Israel, was given to the tribe of Judah as an inheritance (Joshua 15:56). The second, farther north, was part of Issachar's inheritance in the Promised Land (Joshua 19:18).

Jezreel in Issachar was where King Ahab lived (1Kings 18:45, 46, 21:1) as well as King Joram (2Kings 8:29). It is also the place where Ahab's wife Jezebel and all the king's relatives were slain (2Kings 9:10 - 37, 10:1 - 11).

Israel's battlefield

The valley of Jezreel separates Samaria to the south from Galilee to the north.

The area in and near the valley was the location of many important Old Testament battles. Deborah commanded Barak to engage Sisera just south of Mount Tabor (Judges 4 - 5). Gideon and his army of three hundred men first engaged the Midianites in the valley (Judges 6 - 7).

King Saul and his three sons, which included Jonathan, lost their lives fighting the Philistines on Mount Gilboa overlooking the valley of Jezreel (1Samuel 31, 2Samuel 1). Judah's King Josiah tried to stop Egypt's army from traveling further north but lost his life near Megiddo (2Kings 23:29 - 30).

The last war

In the end time, the nations of the world with gather their armies to fight the second coming of Jesus Christ. This climatic battle, often referred to as Armageddon, will take place in and around Jezreel's valley (Revelation 16:14, 16).

Important verses


1Chronicles 4:3
And these were of the father of Etam: Jezreel, and Ishma, and Idbash: and the name of their sister was Hazelelponi . . .

Hosea 1:4
And the LORD said unto him, Call his name Jezreel: for yet a little while, and I will avenge the blood of Jezreel upon the house of Jehu, and will cause to cease the kingdom of the house of Israel.


Joshua 17:16
And the children of Joseph said, The hill is not enough for us: and all the Canaanites that dwell in the land of the valley have chariots of iron, both they who are of Bethshean and her towns, and they who are of the valley of Jezreel.

Judges 6:33 - 34
Then all the Midianites and the Amalekites and the children of the east were gathered together, and went over, and pitched in the valley of Jezreel. But the Spirit of the LORD came upon Gideon, and he blew a trumpet . . .

1Samuel 29:1
Now the Philistines gathered together all their armies to Aphek: and the Israelites pitched by a fountain which is in Jezreel.

1Kings 18:46
And the hand of the LORD was on Elijah: and he girded up his loins, and ran before Ahab to the entrance of Jezreel.

1Kings 21:1, 23
And it came to pass after these things, that Naboth the Jezreelite had a vineyard, which was in Jezreel, hard by the palace of Ahab king of Samaria . . .

And of Jezebel also spake the LORD, saying, The dogs shall eat Jezebel by the wall of Jezreel.

2Kings 10:11
So Jehu slew all that remained of the house of Ahab in Jezreel, and all his great men, and his kinsfolks, and his priests, until he left him none remaining.

Hosea 1:5
And it shall come to pass at that day, that I will break the bow of Israel in the valley of Jezreel.

Revelation 16:14, 16
For they are the spirits of devils, working miracles, which go forth unto the kings of the earth and of the whole world, to gather them to the battle of that great day of God Almighty . . .

And he gathered them together into a place called in the Hebrew tongue Armageddon (meaning "mount of Megiddo" near the valley of Jezreel).

Further Bible study:

Meaning of Biblical Names
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Series Notes
Scripture quotes are taken from
the King James translation.
The meaning and definition of each listing
is derived from a variety of sources.

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