Dictionary of Bible Names

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Bible Meaning: Delightsomeness, favorable
Strong's Concordance #H8656

Tirzah was the name of one of Zelophehad's daughters. At the time of Moses, she and her sisters argued they should inherit their father's piece of the Promised Land since he had no sons. God ultimately agreed with them and created a new law regarding family inheritance (Numbers 27:1 - 11).

Later, the king of Tirzah was one of the thirty-one rulers conquered by Joshua during Israel's seven-year long war to conquer Canaan. The city became part of Ephraim's land inheritance in Canaan.

Israel's Headquarters

The city of Shechem, after Israel split into two kingdoms in 930 B.C., became the first capital of the northern ten tribes (Kingdom of Israel). Jeroboam (930 - 909 B.C.), the new nation's first ruler, soon moved the capital to Tirzah (1Kings 14:17). The city stayed Israel's headquarters until the reign on Omri (885 - 874) who, six years into his rule, purchased land he named Samaria and moved the nation's capital to it (1Kings 16:24).

It was in Israel's second capital city that Menahem murdered King Shallum in 752 B.C. and became Israel's new ruler.

Important Verses


Numbers 26:33
And Zelophehad the son of Hepher had no sons, but daughters: and the names of the daughters of Zelophehad were Mahlah, and Noah, Hoglah, Milcah, and Tirzah.

Location of Tirzah in Ancient Israel Map


1Kings 14:12, 17
Arise thou therefore, get thee to thine own house: and when thy feet enter into the city, the child shall die.

And Jeroboam's wife arose, and departed, and came to Tirzah: and when she came to the threshold of the door, the child died . . .

1Kings 15:17, 21, 32 - 33
And Baasha king of Israel went up against Judah, and built Ramah, that he might not suffer any to go out or come in to Asa king of Judah.

And it came to pass, when Baasha heard thereof, that he left off building of Ramah, and dwelt in Tirzah . . .

And there was war between Asa and Baasha king of Israel all their days. In the third year of Asa king of Judah began Baasha the son of Ahijah to reign over all Israel in Tirzah, twenty and four years.

1Kings 16:17, 23
And Omri went up from Gibbethon, and all Israel with him, and they besieged Tirzah . . .

In the thirty and first year of Asa king of Judah began Omri to reign over Israel, twelve years: six years reigned he in Tirzah.

2Kings 15:13 - 14
Shallum the son of Jabesh began to reign in the nine and thirtieth year of Uzziah king of Judah; and he reigned a full month in Samaria.

For Menahem the son of Gadi went up from Tirzah, and came to Samaria, and smote Shallum the son of Jabesh in Samaria, and slew him, and reigned in his stead.

Additional Studies

Dictionary of Biblical Names
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Series Notes
References are based on the
King James Bible translation (KJV).