Who wrote the book of Psalms?
The Psalms, the greatest collections of songs, prayers and poetry even put together, is one of the most fascinating and powerful sections of God's word. It is the largest book in the entire Bible. The New Testament quotes it more than 75 times. The epistle to the Romans, written by the Apostle Paul, quotes or references it more than fourteen times. The book of Psalms not only contains the shortest and longest chapters of Scripture, but also the very CENTER of the Bible. This verse offers a concise but profound bit of wisdom that should be the hallmark of a true Christian's life.
150 songs comprise this book. Many of these are prophetic in nature. Jesus told his disciples after his resurrection that what happened to him MUST have occurred, in part, because of what was written in the Psalms (Luke 24:44).
Did King David write all of the Psalms? No. He is, however, the most prolific writer of songs found in the Bible. David, who lived from 1040 to 970 B.C., wrote roughly 80 songs in this Biblical section. Other writers include Moses, Heman the Ezrahite, Ethan the Ezrahite, Solomon, Asaph, and the sons of Korah. Several of them do not come with any credit.
The original structure
No overt structure of the Psalms, other than numbering them, exists in almost all modern Bible translations. In the original Hebrew manuscripts, however, there are five major sections of the book. Section (or book) 1 contains Psalm 1 to 41, Section 2 has songs 42 to 72, Section 3 has songs 73 to 89, Section 4 contains songs 90 to 106 and Section 5 has 107 to 150.