ANSWER: First, before we get to who judges who, we need to know where we get the word "angel" in our Bible. In the Old Testament, the original Hebrew commonly used is malak (Strong's Concordance #H4397), which literally means "a messenger" 98 times, "angel" 111 times, and "ambassador" some 4 times. In the New Testament, the Greek word from which we get the English is angelos (Strong's #G32), which literally means messenger and envoy.
The responsibilities of angels include bringing messages from one part of the universe to the other to God the Father and his Son Jesus the Christ and to execute their will. Verse 10 of Matthew 18, in discussing the elect (especially the newly baptized elect whom Jesus calls "one of these little ones"), says that their angels can view the face of God. This verse suggests, although it does not prove, that one of their tasks is to look after each one of us who have been called and baptized as well as little children.
Some have contended that spirit beings are not able to die. This might be conjecture as there are no verses in Scripture that state this fact. The body of an angel is made up of a spiritual substance. They were created beings and have been given the ability to choose to obey or not the Law of God and His voice. Verse 11 of Ezekiel 28 begins an interesting discussion that initially seems to be about the King of Tyre, but the end of verse 12 shows that the context is speaking of the leader (the devil) of fallen spirit beings.
|You seal up the measure of perfection, full of wisdom and perfect in beauty (Ezekiel 28:12, HBFV throughout)|
The devil is being discussed in these verses because he was the one who walked in the midst of the stones of fire at the throne of God on his holy mountain. Verses 18 and 19 of the same chapter states that He will turn his adversary into ashes and that he will be no more.
18. By the multitude of your iniquities, by the unrighteousness of your trade, you have profaned your sanctuaries; therefore I brought forth a fire from your midst; it shall devour you, and I will bring you to ashes upon the earth, before the eyes of all who see you. 19. All who know you among the people shall be astonished at you; you became a terror, and YOU WILL NOT BE ANY MORE (Ezekiel 28:18 - 19)
This certainly is a strong indication that the devil can be put to a final death (destroyed) even though he is made of spirit.
Ezekiel 18:20 says that the soul that sins shall die. If this word soul would be translated as LIFE FORCE then it might be speaking to the angel realm as well as the human realm. Only God can prevent humans from being resurrected into a new body containing that human's life force and only God can remove the life force from the angelic hosts.
Satan convinced one-third of all the angelic beings to follow his rebellion (Revelation 12:3 - 4). Most of the rebellious spirits, now called demons or devils, have been incarcerated in a bottomless pit until such time that the Father will permit their release for their judgment.
6. And the angels who did not keep their own original domain (the KJV has 'first estate' while the NKJV has 'proper domain'), but deserted their habitation, He is holding in eternal bonds (some translations have 'chains') under darkness unto the judgment of the great day (judgment day). (Jude 6)
There is no verse in the Bible that says evil, unrepentant spirit beings will be tortured forever by the Eternal.
The Bible tells us emphatically that when the elect have been raised into their spiritual bodies at the first resurrection, they will not only help judge the world but also spirit beings. This is what Paul told the church at Corinth.
Dare any of you, having a matter against another, go to law before the unrighteous, and not before the saints? Do you not know that the saints will JUDGE the world? . . . Do you not know that WE SHALL JUDGE ANGELS? . . . (1Corinthians 6:1 - 3)
Surprising though it may seem, the angels look forward to the day when the elected saints will teach them the deep things of God. Peter tells us that they want to understand these things but they do not even understand why they are doing what they are doing (1Peter 1:10 - 12). Angelic beings were not promised to rule the world to come or to be sons of God.
"For He has NOT put the world to come, of which we speak, in subjection to angels. But one testified in a certain place, saying: 'What is MAN that You are mindful of him . . . ' " (Hebrews 2:5 - 6)
There will come a day when even angels will have their lives reviewed to see if they have obeyed the laws of God, especially the Ten Commandments. Why do they need to be judged? Because at least one third of them have sinned and are accountable for their actions. Who will do this judging? Based on Scripture, it is those humans who have entered into the Kingdom as spirit born children of the Eternal.