|753 B.C. |
The founding of Rome occurs by Romulus and Remus. Romulus reigns from 753 to 715 B.C.
|117 A.D. |
The Roman Empire reaches its largest extent under Emperor Trajan.
|509 B.C. |
The Roman Republic begins.
| ||284 to 305 A.D. |
The last, and most vicious, persecution of Christians by Rome occurs during the reign of Diocletian.
|508 B.C. |
The creation of the office of Pontifex Maximus (high priest) occurs after stripping power from the consuls.
||306 to 337 A.D. |
Constantine the Great reigns. In 313 A.D., his Edict of Milan legalizes Christianity and ends Rome's persecution of Christians.
|c. 390 B.C. |
The Gauls defeat the army of the Romans at the battle of the Allia. They are the first enemy to sack the city of Rome.
| ||330 A.D. |
Constantine makes Byzantium (renamed Constantinople after his death) the imperial capital.
|312 B.C. |
Work begins on the Appian Way, Rome's most important road.
| ||379 to 395 A.D. |
Emperor Theodosius I reunites the Empire under his rule.
|241 B.C. |
Sardinia and Corsica become Rome's first provinces following the defeat of Carthage.
| ||380 A.D. |
Christianity becomes the official state religion.
|63 B.C. |
Roman troops occupy Palestine (Judea). Jerusalem falls.
| ||395 A.D. |
After the death of Emperor Theodosius his two sons split the kingdom. Arcadius rules the Eastern part of the Empire (also known as the Byzantine) from 395 to 408 A.D. and Honorius rules the Western part from 395 to 423 A.D.
|40 B.C. |
The Roman Senate appoints Herod the Great as King of Judea. It will take three years, however, before he and Rome will conquer Jerusalem and place him on the throne.
| ||410 A.D. |
Alaric, King of the Visigoths, sacks the city of Rome. This is the first sacking since around 390 B.C.
|30 B.C. |
Antony and Cleopatra commit suicide. Egypt becomes a province of Rome.
| ||476 A.D. |
The Western Empire collapses. General Odoacer of the Heruli forces Emperor Romulus Augustus to abdicate. Odoacer becomes the first barbarian King of Italy.
|27 B.C. |
The Republic ends. Augustus becomes Rome's first Emperor and rules to 14 A.D.
| ||527 to 565 A.D. |
Reign of Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Emperor Justinian I. Reconquered many of the Western Empire's former lands (Italy, Africa, southern Hispania, etc.). Justinian considers himself "priest and king."
|64 A.D. |
Emperor Nero begins Rome's first persecution of Christians.
| ||800 A.D. |
During Mass on Christmas Day, in St. Peter's Basilica in Rome, the Pope crowns Charlemagne (King of the Franks and Lombards) as Emperor. This is the first time in history a Pope crowns a Roman Emperor.
|70 A.D. |
General (later Emperor) Titus destroys Jerusalem's second temple (also known as Herod's temple) beginning on the 9th of Ab (Hebrew month).
| ||962 A.D. |
The Pope crowns Otto the Great (king of Germany since 936 and Italy since 961) the first Holy Roman Emperor.
|96 to 180 A.D. |
Reign of the 'Five Good Emperors' (Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, Marcus Aurelius), also known as the Pax Romana. During their rule, Rome reaches its height of power.
|1453 A.D. |
The Eastern (Byzantine) Empire ends with the death of Emperor Constantine XI and the capture of Constantinople by the Ottoman Turks.
The Roman Empire existed, in one form or another, from 753 B.C. to 1453 A.D.
This represents a time span of more than 2,200 years!