Bible Meaning: Severed
Strong's Concordance #G2542
Caesarea (also referred to as Caesarea Maritima) was a Mediterranean coastal town located roughly 23 miles (37 kilometers) south of Mount Carmel. It was constructed by Herod the Great and named in honor of Roman Emperor Caesar Augustus. Soon after being built, it became the capital of the Roman Province of Judea (Palestine).
The first century Jewish historian Josephus wrote the following about the beauty of Caesarea.
"Now upon his (Herod's) observation of a place near the sea . . . he set about getting a plan for a magnificent city there, and erected many edifices with great diligence all over it, and this of white stone. He also adorned it with most sumptuous palaces and large edifices for containing the people . . .
"It (Caesarea) was of excellent workmanship; and this was the more remarkable for its being built in a place that of itself was not suitable to such noble structures, but was to be brought to perfection by materials from other places, and at very great expenses" (Antiquities of the Jews, Book 15, Chapter 9, Section 6).
New Testament evangelism
The apostle Paul was in Caesarea at least four times during his ministry. He first passed through the city when his early zealousness compelled the Jerusalem church to send him home to Tarsus (Acts 9:29 - 31).
Paul visited the churches in Caesarea at the end of his second missionary journey (Acts 18:22). Near the end of his third journey he spent several days with Philip the evangelist who, along with his four virgin daughters, hosted a fellowship in their home (Acts 21:8 - 14). His last recorded stay was as a prisoner for more than two years as he awaited his trial before the Roman governor (Acts 24).
Philip walked to the city after he was miraculously transported from near Gaza to Azotus after baptizing an Ethiopian eunuch. Caesarea is also the place where Peter baptized Cornelius, a Centurion in the Roman army. Cornelius became the first gentile (non-Jew) the New Testament states became a Christian (Acts 10).
But Philip was found at Azotus: and passing through he preached in all the cities, till he came to Caesarea.
Which when the brethren knew, they brought him down to Caesarea, and sent him forth to Tarsus.
There was a certain man in Caesarea called Cornelius, a centurion of the band called the Italian band . . .
And, behold, immediately there were three men already come unto the house where I was, sent from Caesarea unto me.
And when he had landed at Caesarea, and gone up, and saluted the church, he went down to Antioch.
And the next day we that were of Paul's company departed, and came unto Caesarea: and we entered into the house of Philip the evangelist, which was one of the seven: and abode with him.
And he called unto him two centurions, saying, Make ready two hundred soldiers to go to Caesarea, and horsemen threescore and ten, and spearmen two hundred, at the third hour of the night . . .
Acts 25:1, 4, 6
Now when Festus was come into the province, after three days he ascended from Caesarea to Jerusalem . . . But Festus answered, that Paul should be kept at Caesarea, and that he himself would depart shortly thither . . .
And when he had tarried among them more than ten days, he went down unto Caesarea: and the next day sitting on the judgment seat commanded Paul to be brought.