Dictionary of Bible Names

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Bible Meaning: Fountain (fount) of a kid
Strong's Concordance #H5872

Engedi, located near the Dead Sea, was given to the tribe of Judah as an inheritance in Canaan (Joshua 15:62). The place was also called Hazazon-tamar (Genesis 14:7, 2Chronicles 20:2).

Chedorlaomer, who waged the first war mentioned in the Bible, conquered and plundered Hazazon-tamar (Engedi) along with many other cities.

King David, on the run from King Saul who was determined to hunt him down and kill him, hid a few times in the area of Engedi (1Samuel 23:29, 24:1).

The Ammonites, Moabites and others gathered their forces in the city from which they planned to launch an attack on Judah and King Jehoshaphat (2Chronicles 20).

Important Verses

Genesis 14:5, 7
And in the fourteenth year came Chedorlaomer, and the kings that were with him, and smote the Rephaims in Ashteroth Karnaim, and the Zuzims in Ham, and the Emims in Shaveh Kiriathaim . . .

And they returned, and came to Enmishpat, which is Kadesh, and smote all the country of the Amalekites, and also the Amorites, that dwelt in Hazezontamar (Engedi).

Location of Engedi in Ancient Israel Map
Location of Engedi

Joshua 15:20, 21, 62
This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Judah according to their families . . .

And the uttermost cities of the tribe of the children of Judah toward the coast of Edom southward were Kabzeel . . . and Nibshan, and the city of salt, and Engedi: six cities with their villages.

1Samuel 23:27 - 29
But there came a messenger unto Saul, saying, Haste thee, and come; for the Philistines have invaded the land.

Wherefore Saul returned from pursuing after David, and went against the Philistines: therefore they called that place Selahammahlekoth. And David went up from thence, and dwelt in strong holds at Engedi.

1Samuel 24:1
And it came to pass, when Saul was returned from following the Philistines, that it was told him, saying, Behold, David is in the wilderness of Engedi.

2Chronicles 20:1 - 2
It came to pass after this also, that the children of Moab, and the children of Ammon, and with them other beside the Ammonites, came against Jehoshaphat to battle.

Then there came some that told Jehoshaphat, saying, There cometh a great multitude against thee from beyond the sea on this side Syria: and, behold, they be in Hazazon-tamar, which is Engedi.

Ezekiel 47:8, 10
Then said he (God) unto me, These waters issue out toward the east country, and go down into the desert, and go into the sea: which being brought forth into the sea, the waters shall be healed . . .

And it shall come to pass, that the fishers shall stand upon it from Engedi even unto Eneglaim: they shall be a place to spread forth nets: their fish shall be according to their kinds, as the fish of the great sea, exceeding many.

Additional Studies

Dictionary of Biblical Names
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Series Notes
References are based on the
King James Bible translation (KJV).