The Symbolic Meaning of
Biblical Words and Phrases

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Word / Phrase
 
Symbolism / Represents
 
Biblical Reference
Abraham's Bosom A close, personal relationship Luke 16:22-23
 
Ark of the Covenant The Presence of God  2Chronicles 7:1-3,
Ezekiel 8-11
 
Armor War, Spiritual Protection Jeremiah 50:35-37,
Romans 13:12, Ephesians 6
 
Arrows  War, God's judgment  Job 6:4; Psalm 38:2
 
Ashes Insignificance, Worthlessness Genesis 18:27, Job 30:19
 
Ass Humility, Peace, Wildness Zechariah 9:9, Matthew 21:5, Genesis 16:12
 
Babylon  Man's system of rule
that is led and deceived
by Satan the devil
 Revelation 14:8, 16:19, 17:3, 5
 
Bald, Baldness Barrenness Jeremiah 47:5
 
Banner Rallying point or place for God's people Isaiah 5:26, 11:10,
Jeremiah 4:21
    
 
 
 
 
 
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Word / Phrase
 
Symbolism of / Represents
 
Biblical Reference
Beasts  Worldly kingdoms ran by carnal men  Daniel 7:17; 1Corinthians 15:32
 
Bitter, Bitterness Cruelty, Misery Genesis 27:34, Exodus 15:23, Numbers 5:18
 
Blindness  Lack of mental or spiritual perception, inability to make moral distinctions  Isaiah 42:16, 18, 19, Matthew 23:16, John 9:39
 
Body A whole person, that which is corrupt Romans 6:6, 12, 7:24, Hebrews 10:5
 
Brass  Firm, strong, hardness, obstinacy  Psalm 107:16, Isaiah 48:4, Ezekiel 22:18
 
Bowels Deep emotion or feelings Job 30:27, Lamentations 1:20
 
Brimstone Utter destruction and punishment Job 18:15, Psalm 11:6, Isaiah 30:33,
Luke 17:29, Revelation 9:17
 
Candles or Candlesticks True churches of God Revelation 1:20, 2:1
 
Chariots  Angelic hosts  Zechariah 6:1, Psalm 68:17
 
Cloak To hide, make an excuse 1Thessalonians 2:5, John 15:22
 
Cornerstone The Messiah Psalm 118:22, Matthew 21:42, Mark 12:10,
Luke 20:17, Acts 4:11, 1Peter 2:7
 
Cup That which is portioned out, especially God's judgments. Can also represent Jesus' sufferings. Psalm 11:6, Revelation 14:10,
Matthew 26:39
 
Crown  Victory over something, a reward  James 1:12; Revelation 2:10
 
Dark, Darkness   Moral depravity and its punishment   Psalm 82:5, Proverbs 2:13, John 3:19
 
Day   Span of a human life,
an indefinite time period,
a set time, a past time, a future time
  Genesis 3:14, 5:4, 25:24, Psalm 18:18, Deuteronomy 31:14
 
Deaf   Disregard for the things of God   Isaiah 29:18, 42:18, 19
 
Door   Opportunity, Freedom, Power   Matthew 25:10, Acts 14:27;
1Corinthians 16:9, Colossians 4:3
 
Dragon   Satan the devil   Ezekiel 29:3; Revelation 12:3, 9
 
Earthquake   Calamities   Matthew 24:7; Revelation 6:12
 
Eyes   The heart, mind, disposition of man   Psalm 119:18, Ephesians 1:18,
Matthew 13:13, Proverbs 6:17
 
Face of God   Favor or Grace from God   Psalm 13:1; Daniel 9:17
 
Fire   Judgment   Numbers 11:1, 3; Isaiah 42:25
 
Forehead   Beliefs, Choices,
Character of a Person
  Revelation 7:3, 13:16
 
Furnace   Affliction   Isaiah 48:10; Jeremiah 11:4
 
Gold Earthly riches and luxury, Purity, Incorruption, Something of great value Job 3:15, 1Peter 1:7, Revelation 3:18,
Acts 17:29, 1 Peter 1:7, 18, 3:3,
Proverbs 3:14, 8:10, Jeremiah 4:30, 10:4
 
Head   One who rules or is ruler   Ephesians 1:22
 
Hedge   Protection directly from God   Job 1:10; Ezekiel 13:5
 
Heel Only a partial victory Genesis 3:15
 
Honey Abundance Exodus 3:8, 17, Leviticus 20:24
 
Horn Gentile King Daniel 7:24, Revelation 17:12
 
Horse   War, Strength of military   Zechariah 9:10; Jeremiah 51:21
 
Hunger and Thirst   Greatly desire   Matthew 5:6; Luke 1:53
 
Hyssop Cleansing Psalm 51:7
 
Incense   Prayer, especially from believers   Malachi 1:11; Revelation 5:8
 
Keys   Power and authority   Isaiah 22:22; Revelation 1:18
 
Leaven Sin, non-biblical teachings Matthew 16:12, 1Corinthians 5:6-8
 
Light   Instruction that comes from God
and the Bible, a product of salvation
  Psalm 27:1, 119:30, Proverbs 6:23, Job 24:13
 
Milk   Abundance, prosperity   Ezekiel 25:4; Joel 3:18
 
Mountains   A kingdom, authority or rule   Psalm 30:7; Isaiah 2:2;
Daniel 44, 45; Revelation 17:9-11
 
Nicolaitans Ruling over the faith of others,
Hierarchical church government
 Revelation 2:1, 6, 12, 15
 
Night   Adversity, affliction, ignorance   Isaiah 21:12; Revelation 21:25
 
Oil   Prosperity   Deuteronomy 32:13, 33:24, 2Kings 18:32
 
Pillar   Foundational   Galatians 2:9, 1Timothy 3:15
 
Rain   Something refreshing, delightful   Psalm 68:9; Isaiah 5:6
 
Rock   God as a refuge and salvation   Psalm 18:2, 94:22, 95:1
 
Rod   Correction   Psalm 2:9; Job 9:34, etc.
 
Salt   Judgment, purification, loyalty, covenant,
the role of Christian in the world
  Genesis 19:6, Exodus 30:35,
Numbers 18:19, Matthew 5:13
 
Sea   A mass of people   Jeremiah 51:42; Ezekiel 26:3;
Matthew 13:47, Revelation 13:1
 
Seal / Sealed   Ownership, security   Daniel 6:17, Jeremiah 32;11-12,
Ephesians 4:30, 2Timothy 2:19
 
Scroll God or man's written word Ezra 6:2, Jeremiah 36:2, Ezekiel 3:1-3
 
Serpent   The wicked, Satan the devil   Psalm 58:4, Revelation 12:9, 20:2,
Genesis 3:1; 2Corinthians 11:3
 
Sheep   Those who follow Jesus   John 10:11, etc.
 
Shepherds   Rulers either in civil affairs or
those who guide Christians
  Nahum 3:18; Ezekiel 34:2
 
Shield   Defense, protection   Psalm 84:9; Ephesians 6:16
 
Silver Redemption Exodus 38:27
 
Sleep   Death   Daniel 12:2; 1Thessalonians 4:14
 
Star   A prince or ruler   Numbers 24:17; Daniel 8:10
 
Sword   War, killing   Isaiah 34:5; Ezekiel 21:3
 
Tail   Subjection, degradation   Deuteronomy 28:13, 44; Isaiah 9:15
 
Teeth   Cruelty   Psalm 3:7; Proverbs 30:14
 
Thorns   Desolation, troubles   Proverbs 24:31; Hosea 2:6
 
Throne   Kingdom, seat of government   Psalm 122:5; Daniel 7:9
 
Topheth
(Valley of Hinnom)
  Lake of Fire 2Kings 23:10, Matthew 18:9, 23:33;
Mark 9:43, Revelation 19:20
 
Tree of Life Living God's way of life Genesis 2:9, Revelation 22:1-2
 
Trees   Those who are great   Daniel 4:20-22
 
Veil   The way into God's
presence is not open
  Matthew 27:51, Hebrews 9:3, 10:20
 
Vineyard   The house of Israel   Isaiah 5:1-7; Jeremiah 12:10
 
Watchman   Prophet, Preacher   Ezekiel 3:17; Isaiah 62:6
 
Waters   Afflictions, multitudes, ordinances   Psalm 69:1; Isaiah 8:7, 55:1
 
Wilderness   Afflicted state   John 1:23; Revelation 12:6
 
Wine   Spiritual blessings, Divine judgments   Isaiah 25:6, 55:1; Psalm 60:3
 
Winepress   Total destruction   Isaiah 63:3; Revelation 14:19
 
Wings   Protection, assistance   Exodus 19:4; Psalm 17:8
 
Woman   City of Jerusalem,
the greater set of Christians
  Ezekiel 26:2, 3; Revelation 12:1
 
Yoke   Servitude, burden   Jeremiah 5:5; Lamentations 3:27;
Matthew 11:29-30
 
Additional Study Materials
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What does God's
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