The Old Testament in the Gospels

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How often is the Old Testament quoted or referenced both in the gospels and the book of Acts? The book of Luke references material from at least 31 books. John's gospel references 26 books, Acts refers to 25 distinct writings and the book of Mark mentions material found in 24 Old Testament books.

Below is a list of the majority, though not all, of the Old Testament references found within the first five books of the New Testament.

The Gospel of Mark

1:2 - Malachi 3:1

1:3 - Isaiah 40:3

4:12 - Isaiah 6:9 - 10

7:6 - 7  -  Isaiah 29:13

7:10 - Exodus 20:12, 21:17

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The Gospel of Mark

8:18 - Jeremiah 5:21

9:44 - Isaiah 66:24

10:4 - Deuteronomy 24:1

10:6 - Genesis 1:27

10:7 - 8  -  Genesis 2:24

10:19 - Exodus 20:12 - 17

11:9 - Psalm 118:26

11:10 - Isaiah 9:6 - 7

11:17 - Isaiah 56:7, Jeremiah 7:11

12:10 - Psalm 118:22 - 23

12:19 - Deuteronomy 25:5

12:26 - Exodus 3:6

12:29 - Deuteronomy 6:4


The Apostle Mark
The Apostle Mark
Jacobello Dalle Masegne, 1394 - 97

12:30 - Deuteronomy 6:5

12:31 - Leviticus 19:18

12:32 - Deuteronomy 6:4

12:33 - Deuteronomy 6:5, Leviticus 19:18

12:36 - Psalm 110:1

13:14 - Daniel 12:11

13:24 - Isaiah 13:10

13:26 - Daniel 7:13

14:27 - Zechariah 13:7

15:24 - Psalm 22:18

15:28 - Isaiah 53:12

15:34 - Psalm 22:1


The Gospel of Matthew

1:23 - Isaiah 7:14

2:6 - Micah 5:2

2:15 - Hosea 11:1

2:18 - Jeremiah 31:15

3:3 - Isaiah 40:3

4:4 - Deuteronomy 8:3

4:6 - Psalm 91:11 - 12

4:7 - Deuteronomy 6:16

4:10 - Deuteronomy 6:13, 10:20

4:15 - 16  -  Isaiah 9:1 - 2, 42:7

5:21 - Exodus 20:13, Deuteronomy 5:17

5:27 - Exodus 20:14, Deuteronomy 5:18

5:31 - Deuteronomy 24:1

5:33 - Exodus 20:7, Leviticus 19:12, Deuteronomy 5:11

5:38 - Exodus 21:24

5:43 - Leviticus 19:18

7:23 - Psalm 6:8

8:17 - Isaiah 53:4

9:13 - Hosea 6:6


The Gospel of Matthew

10:35 - 36  -  Micah 7:6

11:5 - Isaiah 35:4 - 6, 42:6 - 7, 61:1

11:10 - Malachi 3:1

12:7 - Hosea 6:6

12:17 - 21  -  Isaiah 42:1 - 4

12:40 - Jonah 1:17

13:14 - 15  -  Isaiah 6:9 - 10

13:35 - Psalm 78:2

15:4 - Exodus 20:12, 21:17

15:7 - 9  -  Isaiah 29:13

17:10 - Malachi 4:5 - 6

18:16 - Deuteronomy 17:6

19:4 - 5  -  Genesis 1:27, 2:24

19:7 - 8  -  Deuteronomy 24:1 - 4

19:18 - 19  -  Exodus 20:12 - 16, Leviticus 19:18

21:5 - Zechariah 9:9

21:9 - Psalm 118:26

21:13 - Isaiah 56:7, Jeremiah 7:11


The Gospel of Matthew

21:16 - Psalm 8:2

21:42 - Psalm 118:22 - 23

22:24 - Deuteronomy 25:5

22:32 - Exodus 3:6

22:37 - Deuteronomy 6:5

22:38 - 39  -  Leviticus 19:18

22:39 - Exodus 20:12 - 16

22:44 - Psalm 110:1

23:39 - Psalm 118:26

24:15 - Daniel 12:11

24:29 - Isaiah 13:10

24:30 - Daniel 7:13

26:31 - Zechariah 13:7

27:9 - 10  -  Zechariah 11:12 - 13

27:35 - Psalm 22:18

27:46 - Psalm 22:1


The Gospel of Luke

1:17 - Malachi 4:6

2:23 - Exodus 13:2 - 12

2:24 - Leviticus 12:8

2:32 - Isaiah 9:1 - 2, 42:7

3:4 - 6  -  Isaiah 40:3 - 5

4:4 - Deuteronomy 8:3

4:8 - Deuteronomy 6:13, 10:20

4:10 - 11  -  Psalm 91:11 - 12

4:12 - Deuteronomy 6:16

4:18 - 19  -  Isaiah 61:1 - 2

7:22 - Isaiah 35:5 - 6

7:27 - Malachi 3:1

8:10 - Isaiah 6:9

9:54 - 2Kings 1:10 - 14

10:27 - Leviticus 19:18

13:35 - Psalm 118:26

18:20 - Exodus 20:12 - 16

19:46 - Isaiah 56:7, Jeremiah 7:11

20:17 - Psalm 118:22 - 23

20:28 - Deuteronomy 25:5

20:37 - Exodus 3:6

20:42 - 43  -  Psalm 110:1

22:37 - Isaiah 53:12

23:30 - Hosea 10:8

23:46 - Psalm 31:5


The Gospel of John

1:23 - Isaiah 40:3

2:17 - Psalm 69:9

6:31 - Psalm 78:24

6:45 - Isaiah 54:13

7:38 - Proverbs 18:4, Isaiah 58:11

10:34 - Psalm 82:6

12:13 - Psalm 118:26

12:15 - Zechariah 9:9

12:38 - Isaiah 53:1

12:40 - 41 - Isaiah 6:9 - 10

13:18 - Psalm 41:9

15:25 - Psalm 35:19, 69:4, 109:3, 119:161, Lamentations 3:52

19:24 - Psalm 22:18

19:36 - Exodus 12:46, Psalm 34:20

19:37 - Zechariah 12:10


The book of Acts

1:20 - Psalm 69:25, 109:8

2:17 - 21  -  Joel 2:28 - 32

2:25 - 28  -  Psalm 16:8 - 11

2:34 - 35  -  Psalm 110:1

3:22 - 23  -  Deuteronomy 18:15 - 19

3:25 - Genesis 12:3, 22:18

4:11 - Psalm 118:22 - 23

4:25 - 26  -  Psalm 2:1 - 2

7:3 - Genesis 12:1

7:6 - 7  -  Genesis 15:13 - 14

7:14 - Genesis 46:26

7:26 - 28  -  Exodus 2:13 - 14

7:31 - 32  -  Exodus 3:6

7:33 - 34  -  Exodus 3:5 - 10

7:37 - Deuteronomy 18:15

7:40 - 41  -  Exodus 32:1 - 6


The book of Acts

7:42 - 43  -  Amos 5:25 - 27

7:49 - 50  -  Isaiah 66:1 - 2

8:32 - 33  -  Isaiah 53:7 - 8

13:22 - 1Samuel 13:14, Psalm 89:20

13:33 - Psalm 2:7

13:34 - Isaiah 55:3

13:35 - Psalm 16:10

13:41 - Habakkuk 1:5

13:47 - Isaiah 49:6

15:16 - 17  -  Amos 9:11 - 12

23:5 - Exodus 22:28

28:25 - 27  -  Isaiah 6:9 - 10

Additional Study Materials
Were Mary and Joseph Christians?
When was the New Testament written?
What were Paul's many identities?
Timeline of the Old Testament
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