New Testament Timeline

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37 B.C. to c. 4 B.C.
Period when Herod the Great, who would order males up to 2 years old killed when Jesus is born, rules as Roman-appointed King of Judea (King of the Jews).

27 B.C. to 14 A.D.
Period when Augustus, the first true Roman emperor, rules the empire.

20 B.C.
Herod the Great begins rebuilding Jerusalem's temple.

5 B.C. to 30 A.D.
Jesus is born in the fall of 5 B.C., likely on the Feast of Trumpets, which occurs this year on Saturday, September 2. Jesus' life begins the period ot the New Testament. His life ends in 30 A.D. when he willing sacrifices his life for the sins of mankind.

c. 4 B.C. to 39 A.D.
After Herod the Great's death, his son Herod Antipas becomes the new Roman tetrarch of Galilee and Perea.

26 - 29
Period of John the Baptist's ministry.

Fall 26 to Spring 30
Period of Jesus' earthly ministry. Jesus is murdered by the Romans, at the behest of the Jewish religious leaders, on Wednesday, April 5th in 30 A.D. After spending three days and three nights in the grave, He is resurrected from the dead near sunset on Saturday, April 8th.

Statue of Peter by Michelangelo
Michelangelo, 1503 - 04

30 A.D.
On Sunday, May 28, the birth of the Christian church occurs on the day of Pentecost.

Stephen is martyred (Acts 6 - 7), the first person, after the resurrection of Christ, to die for his faith (John the Baptist also was killed for following God). Persecution against the early church arises (Acts 8). Christians leave Jerusalem and begin to spread the gospel far and wide. Peter confronts Simon Magus (Simon the Magician) in Samaria. Philip preaches the gospel to the Ethiopian eunuch.

Saul, on his way to Damascus, is converted and becomes the apostle Paul (Acts 9). He soon flees the city to Arabia, where he is taught personally by Christ for three years (Galatians 1:15 - 18).

33 - 44
Paul's travels before his Missionary Journeys (Galatians 1, Acts 9 - 12).

Matthew completes the first Gospel writing.

Paul travels to Jerusalem for the first time after his conversion and stays for fifteen days (Acts 9:26 - 30, Galatians 1:18 - 20).

The apostle Peter preaches the gospel in Lydda and Joppa (Acts 9:32 - 41). Peter also stays in Joppa with Simon the Tanner for many days (verses 42 - 43).

Peter baptizes Cornelius, the first Gentile (non-Jew) believer to be converted (Acts 10).

39 - 40
Believers fleeing Saul's persecution take the gospel message to Jews in Antioch, the island of Cyprus and elsewhere (Acts 11:19). The apostles in Jerusalem send Barnabas to Syrian Antioch in order to ministry to the city's growing Christian population (verse 22 to 24).

39 - 44
After Herod Antipas' death his son, Herod Agrippa I, becomes new ruler of Galilee and Perea.

Paul and Barnabas teach in Syrian Antioch for a year.

A prophet by the name of Agabus foretells a famine will soon occur that will last for three years (Acts 11:27 - 28).

In the spring, food and relief are sent to Jerusalem by the hands of Paul and Barnabas (Acts 11:30). Herod Agrippa I, in the Spring of 44 near Passover, persecutes the early church and beheads the apostle James (brother of John). He also has the Apostle Peter arrested. Soon after these events God strikes Herod dead while he is visiting Tyre and Sidon (Acts 12). In late spring Paul and Barnabas are ordained as apostles (Acts 13:1 - 3).

44 - 46
Apostle Paul conducts his first Missionary Journey (Acts 13 - 14).

The Jerusalem Conference, which will discuss the role of circumcision in regard to salvation, takes place in the Fall (Acts 15). The conference is headed up by James, the half-brother of Jesus and the author of the book of James.

49 - 52
Apostle Paul conducts his second Missionary Journey (Acts 15 - 18). In Lystra Paul meets Timothy, who will become his traveling companion and best friend (1Timothy 1:2, 4:14).

Apostle Paul writes 1Thessalonians, the first of fourteen books he will write that will be included in the Bible.

52 - 53
Peter comes to Syrian Antioch during the Feast of Unleavened Bread. He is strongly rebuked by Paul for not eating with Gentiles during the Spring Holy Days (Galatians 2:11 - 20).

53 - 58
Apostle Paul conducts his third Missionary Journey (Acts 18 - 21).

54 - 68
Emperor Nero rules the Roman Empire. The apostles Paul and Peter, along with others, become martyrs under his reign.

60 - 63
The apostle Paul travels on his fourth Missionary Journey (Acts 21 - 28).

In Jerusalem, religious zealots martyr James, the half-brother of Jesus and leader of the Jerusalem church, around the time of Passover.

63 - 67
Apostle Paul conducts his fifth and final Missionary Journey (Acts 28; Titus 1, 3; Romans 15).

64 - 67
The apostle John must address a heresy, spreading is some New Testament Asian churches, that denies Jesus' humanity. He writes 1, 2 and 3John to refute these false teachings.

The rebuilding of Jerusalem's temple, begun by Herod the Great, completes.

The apostle Paul is back in prison in Rome, where he writes his last New Testament book (2Timothy).

67 - 68
Roman Emperor Nero carries out the Roman Empire's first of ten state-sponsored persecutions against Christians. The Apostle Peter is believed to have been put to death by Nero during this period, although his martyrdom in Rome is open to debate.

The Apostle Paul suffers a martyrs' death in the city of Rome just before Emperor Nero commits suicide on June 9.

The Romans destroy Jerusalem and its temple on the 9th day of the Hebrew month of Ab.

94 - 96
Roman Emperor Domitian, who ruled from 81 to 96 A.D., begins Rome's second wave of persecutions against Christians. In 95 - 96 the apostle John is exiled to the island of Patmos "because of the Word of God and the testimony of Jesus Christ" (Revelation 1:9, HBFV). He soon receives visions from God that ultimately become the book of Revelation, which he writes while on the island.

Emperor Domitian dies in September 96 and is succeeded by Emperor Nerva. The apostle John is released from Patmos and makes his way back to Ephesus. His last task, before his death, is to canonize not only the New Testament but also the entire Bible.

98 - 100
Emperor Nerva dies in January of 98 A.D. and is succeeded by Trajan. John, the last living apostle, completes his canonization of the Scriptures and dies, of natural causes, in Ephesus c. 98 - 100.

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