Bithynia (Pontus)
Dictionary of Bible Names

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Bithynia (Pontus)
Bible Meaning: Violent rushing
Strong's Concordance #G978

The name Bithynia means, "violent rushing" (Strong's #G978) while the meaning of Pontus is "the sea" (#G4195).

Bithynia and part of Pontus, located in the northern part of Asia Minor, were combined in 64 B.C. to form a double province. The Bible, unfortunately, does not record any cities within this Roman territory.

Those from Pontus were in Jerusalem at Pentecost in 30 A.D. when God "poured out" his Spirit on 3,100+ people. Bithynia - Pontus is also the place where a Jew named Aquila, the husband of Priscilla, grew up (Acts 18:1 - 2). After the couple converted to Christianity, they became some of Apostle Paul's closest friends and greatly aided his evangelistic efforts.

God, during Paul's second missionary journey, forbids him (along with companions Silas and Timothy) from preaching in or even entering Bithynia - Pontus!

A precious gemstone called Chalcedony is named after the ancient city of Chalcedon in Bithynia where it is thought to have been first discovered.

Map of New Testament Roman Provinces in Asia Minor
Location of Bithynia

Important Verses

Acts 2:7 - 9
And they were all amazed and marvelled, saying one to another, Behold, are not all these which speak Galilaeans? And how hear we every man in our own tongue, wherein we were born?

Parthians, and Medes, and Elamites, and the dwellers in Mesopotamia, and in Judaea, and Cappadocia, in Pontus (Bithynia), and Asia . . .

Acts 16:7
Now when they (Apostle Paul and those travelling with him) had gone throughout Phrygia and the region of Galatia, and were forbidden of the Holy Ghost to preach the word in Asia,

After they were come to Mysia, they assayed to go into Bithynia: but the Spirit suffered them not.

Acts 18:2
And found a certain Jew named Aquila, born in Pontus, lately come from Italy, with his wife Priscilla: (because that Claudius had commanded all Jews to depart from Rome:) and came unto them.

1Peter 1:1 - 2
Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, to the strangers scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia,

elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied.

Additional Studies

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Series Notes
References are based on the
King James Bible translation (KJV).