Bible Meaning: Fishery, hunting
Strong's Concordance #H6721, #G4605
Sidon (Zidon) was the name of Canaan's firstborn son who was also the great-grandson of Noah through Ham (Genesis 10:15).
A unique city
The city of Sidon, located in modern-day Lebanon, is considered one of the oldest, continuously inhabited areas of the Middle East. According to Barnes' Notes on the New Testament, the city was famous for its trade and navigation. Those who lived in it were remarkable merchants and known for their luxury. In fact, even after coming under the control of the Roman Empire, Sidon still minted its own silver coins.
Concerning Sidon's uniqueness as a city, the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia states the following.
"It was ruled by independent kings (Jeremiah 27:3), and had its own cult (Judges 10:6, 2Kings 23:13). It had this advantage over Tyre, that it entered into relations with the Israelites when its king, Ethbaal, married his daughter Jezebel to Ahab (1Kings 16:31). The prophets of Israel were continually referring to the great importance of Zidon as a commercial city (Isaiah 23:2, 4, 12, Joel 3:4 - 7)."
The city of Sidon was part of the tribe of Asher's inheritance in the Promised Land (Joshua 19:28 - 29). The tribe, unfortunately, was unable to remove the original inhabitants of Sidon (Zidon, Judges 1:31).
New Testament references
Sidon is mentioned twelve times in the New Testament, most notably as an area Jesus visited during his ministry and a place from which they came to hear him speak (Matthew 15:21, Mark 3:8, 7:24, 31, Luke 6:17). The Lord preached in the area around Tyre and Sidon in the middle of 29 A.D.
Sidon also played a role in Apostle Paul's ministry. His fourth missionary journey begins when he, as a Roman prisoner, is taken by ship from Caesarea to Rome by a Centurion (Acts 27:1 - 3). His first stop on the trip is in Sidon where he is allowed to visit Christians in the city.
And Canaan begat Sidon his firstborn, and Heth . . .
And the border of the Canaanites was from Sidon, as thou comest to Gerar, unto Gaza: as thou goest, unto Sodom, and Gomorrah, and Admah, and Zeboim, even unto Lasha.
And the LORD delivered them into the hand of Israel, who smote them, and chased them unto great Zidon . . .
Neither did Asher drive out the inhabitants of Accho, nor the inhabitants of Zidon, nor of Ahlab, nor of Achzib . . .
Matthew 11:21 - 22
Woe unto thee, Chorazin! woe unto thee, Bethsaida! for if the mighty works, which were done in you, had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago in sackcloth and ashes.
But I say unto you, It shall be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon at the day of judgment, than for you.
Then Jesus went thence, and departed into the coasts of Tyre and Sidon.
And from Jerusalem, and from Idumaea, and from beyond Jordan: and they about Tyre and Sidon, a great multitude, when they had heard what great things he did, came unto him.
And he came down with them, and stood in the plain, and the company of his disciples, and a great multitude of people out of all Judaea and Jerusalem, and from the sea coast of Tyre and Sidon, which came to hear him, and to be healed of their diseases:
And Herod was highly displeased with them of Tyre and Sidon: but they came with one accord to him, and, having made Blastus the king's chamberlain their friend, desired peace: because their country was nourished by the king's country.
And the next day we touched at Sidon. And Julius (the Centurion) courteously entreated Paul, and gave him liberty to go unto his friends to refresh himself.