Life of Jesus

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When Was Christ Born?

The physical life of Jesus occurred between August 27 and September 9 in 5 B.C. Given the symbolism of the Sabbath day, as well as that of the Feast of Trumpets (Rosh Hashanah), it is highly likely this momentous event took place on this High Holy day (Saturday, September 2). Some Jewish traditions state that, in 3760 B.C., Adam and Eve were created several hours before the start of this Feast day.

What Makes His Birth unique?

Jesus miraculously came into the world through a virgin (Matthew 1:20, Luke 1:31, 34 - 35), a miracle that occurs only once in the Bible. His life on earth fulfilled many prophecies (Isaiah 7:13 - 14, etc.). Although he took on human flesh, he was still a member of the Godhead (Matthew 1:23, John 8:58, etc.).

Life on Earth

The start of the Lord's life in the flesh, on September 2 in 5 B.C., corresponds to the Biblical calendar date of Tishri 1 in year 3757. His death on the cross took place on Nisan 14 in year 3790 (April 5, 30 A.D.). Counting the day of his birth and death, Jesus lived as a human 12,269 days based on the Biblical calendar.

How Long Was His Ministry?

His ministry started on the Day of Atonement (Wednesday, September 11) in 26 A.D. This corresponds to Tishri 10 in 3787 on the Hebrew (Biblical) calendar. His ministry not only started and ended on a Wednesday, they both happened on one of God's annual Feast days of worship (Atonement and Passover).

The ministry of Jesus ran from Tishri 10 in 3787 to Nisan 14 in year 3790. This is a period of 1,303 days (inclusively counting) based on the Biblical calendar.

Ascending to God

Jesus was brought back to life at sunset on Saturday, April 8 in 30 A.D.  This corresponds to Nisan 17 in year 3790 according to the Hebrew calendar. His ascension to God's right hand occurred on Mount Olivet, forty days later, on Thursday, May 18 (Iyar 27). If we add this post-resurrection period to his earthly ministry count, he ministered for a total of 1,343 days.

Miracles and Parables

Nineteen miracles are recorded by only one of the four Gospel writers (Matthew, Mark, Luke and John). Another seven are found in two accounts and ten are recorded by three of the writers.

The ONLY miracle recorded in all four gospels is the feeding of 5,000 people (Matthew 14:13 - 21, Mark 6:30 - 42, John 6:1 - 13, Luke 9:10 - 17). Totally, the Bible records thirty-seven unique miracles performed by Jesus (which includes three people resurrected). He also conveyed at least 70 parables.

Renaming Friends

When Simon met Christ for the first time he was given a new name (John 1:40 - 42). He was given the surname of Cephas, which is a Syriac word that means "stone." It is synonymous with the Greek word for Peter. Jesus, after selecting his apostles, renamed James and John with the title "Boanerges" (Mark 3:17, KJV), which means "sons of thunder."

First and Last Prophecy

The first prophecy was given when Nathanael, one of the first disciples, met Christ for the first time. He was told, " . . . hereafter you shall see heaven open, and the angels of God descending to and ascending from the Son of man" (John 1:51).

An allusion to "Jacob's ladder" (Genesis 28:12), Jesus predicted the disciples would come to understand he was man's Savior and see his glory as God's son. John testified that these things did come true (verse 14).

Jesus' last prophecy, before his ascension, predicted the signs and wonders that would be manifested by those who preached the gospel (Mark 16:17 - 18).

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