Answer: Interestingly, Scripture uses several names, both in the Old and New Testaments, for our enemy the devil. He was originally called Lucifer, a reference that occurs only in Isaiah 14:12. Lucifer can mean either "bringing light" (Meaning of Names in the Bible) or "morning star" (from the Hebrew heylel, Strong's Concordance #H1966).
Lucifer, before receiving one of the many names list below (e.g. devil), was one of several created spirit beings in a class of angels known as Cherubim (Ezekiel 28:14). His initial responsibility, which was shared with only one other, was to cover God's throne. Afterwards, Scripture seems to indicate that God gave him a throne of responsibility supervising other spirits (Isaiah 14:13, Revelation 12:3 - 4) just before he turned himself into the devil.
The below list uses names and terms for the devil found in the King James Bible translation. Please note that not all Scriptural references for a particular term are given. Next to each name or title, where possible, is its original language (Hebrew or Greek) meaning.
Abaddon (destroying angel), Revelation 9:11.
Angel of the bottomless pit, Revelation 9:11.
Apollyon (destroyer), Revelation 9:11.
Accuser of our brethren (the devil is the chief complainer against those who believe in God), Revelation 12:10.
Adversary (opponent), 1Peter 5:8.
Angel of light (messenger of light), 2Corinthians 11:14.
Antichrist (opponent of the Messiah), 1John 4:3.
Beelzebub (the dung god, ruler of the devils), Luke 11:15.
Belial (worthlessness), 2Corinthians 6:15.
Crooked serpent, Isaiah 27:1.
Devil, Matthew 4:1, 5, 8, 11, 9:32, etc.
Dragon, Revelation 12:7.
Enemy (the hateful, hostile one), Matthew 13:39.
Father of Lies, John 8:44.
God of this world (god of this age), 2Corinthians 4:3 - 4.
Great dragon, Revelation 12:9.
Great fiery red dragon (serpent), Revelation 12:3.
Liar (a falsifier), John 8:44.
Man of sin (man of offense), 2Thessalonians 2:3.
Murderer, John 8:44.
Old Serpent, Revelation 12:9.
Power of darkness (power of obscurity), Colossians 1:13.
Prince of the devils (Matthew 12:24).
Prince of the power of the air (ruler who has authority over air), Ephesians 2:1.
Roaring Lion, 1Peter 5:8.
Ruler of this world (prince of this world), John 12:31.
Satan (the devil), Revelation 12:9, 20:2.
Serpent (snake), Genesis 3:1, 2Corinthians 11:3.
Son of perdition (son of destruction), 2Thessalonians 2:3.
Tempter (the tester, one who entices through temptation), Matthew 4:3.
Thief (stealer), John 10:9 - 10.
Wicked one (the devil), Matthew 13:38.
Thank you for your question regarding the different names for the devil.