Bible Weights and Measures

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Bible Unit Equivalent to  Comments
Bath 1 ephah
22 liters
5.8 Gallons
One of the common measures used in the Bible for liquids (1Kings 7:26, Isaiah 5:10).
Cubit 43 to 53 centimeters
17 to 21 inches
One of the very common Biblical measures of length. Cubits are based on the distance between the tip of the middle finger and the elbow (Genesis 6:13 - 16, Matthew 6:27, Luke 12:25).
Ephah 10 omers
.62 bushels
22 liters
20 dry quarts
Used as a dry measure (Exodus 16:36, 1Samuel 17:17).
Farthing 2 mites
1/4th of a cent
Used as a measure of money in the New Testament (Matthew 5:26, 10:29, Mark 12:42).
Furlong1/8th of a mile Used as a measure of distance (Luke 24:13, John 6:19, Revelation 14:20, 21:16).
Gerah 1/20th of a Shekel
.57 grams
.02 ounces
One of the common weights used. Used also as a sum of money. It is the smallest weight and smallest piece of money used among Hebrews (Leviticus 27:25, Numbers 3:47).
Hand breadth7.6 centimeters
3 inches
 Used as a measure of length (1Kings 7:26, Psalm 39:5).
Hin 1/6th of a Bath
3.7 liters
1 Gallon
Used as a measurement of liquids (Exodus 29:40, 30:24, Numbers 15:4).

Important People in the Old Testament

Important People in the New Testament

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Bible Unit Equivalent to  Comments
Dry Measure
10 Ephahs
211 liters
6 bushels

Liquid Measure
10 Baths
220 liters
58 Gallons
One of the common measures that can be used for dry or liquid volume (Ezekiel 45:11, 13 - 14).
Mina 50 shekels
1/60th talent
567 grams
1.26 pounds
One of the common weights that is also used as a measure of currency (Ezra 2:69, Ezekiel 45:12).
Mite 1/2 Roman quadran
1/2 farthing
1/8th of a cent
Used as one of the measures of money in the New Testament. The Greek word means the smallest bronze of copper coin used (Luke 12:59, 21:2).
Omer 1/10 ephah
2.2 dry liters
2 dry quarts
Used as a dry measure. The original language word from which we get "Omer" is also sometimes translated as the English word "sheaf." A sheaf was considered a quantity of grain big enough to bundle (Exodus 16:22, 32 - 33, 36).
Penny 16 cents  
Used as a measure of money in the King James Bible. The Greek word from which the KJV derives the English word "penny" is also translated as the words "pence" or "pennyworth" in the New Testament (Matthew 18:28, 20:2, 9, Mark 6:37, 14:50). This amount is considered a day's wages.
Pound Weight
100 shekels

100 Roman denarii
100 Greek drachmas
$16.00 U.S.
One of the common Biblical weights that is also used for money (1Kings 10:17, Ezra 2:29, Luke 19:13, 16, 18).
Reed3 meters
10 feet
 Used for length measurements (Ezekiel 42:16, Revelation 21:15).
day journey
2,000 cubits
.91 Kilometers
1,000 yards
A Sabbath day's journey, according to Jewish tradition, was the maximum allowable distance one could travel on the Sabbath and not violate the law (Acts 1:12, Joshua 3:4).
Shekel 20 gerahs
11.4 grams
.4 ounces
Used as a measure of weight and money (Genesis 23:15 - 16, Exodus 21:32, 30:13, Ezekiel 45:12).
Span 1/2 cubit
22.8 centimeters
9 inches
Used as a measure of length. A span is the width of a spread out human hand from the tip of the thumb to the tip of the pinky finger (Exodus 28:16, 1Samuel 17:4, Ezekiel 43:13).
Talent 3,000 shekels
60 minas
34.3 kilograms
75 U.S. pounds
One of the common Biblical weights that is also used for money (Exodus 38:24 - 29, 1Kings 9:14, Matthew 18:24, Revelation 16:21) in the form of either silver or gold.
Additional Study Materials
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Timeline of the Old Testament

Bible Weights and Measures

Holy Bible, a Faithful Version

Please note that all equivalents of the weights
and measures used in the Bible are only estimates.

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