Biblical Weights and Measures


Biblical Unit  Equivalent to  Comments  Bible Examples
Bath
 
= 1 ephah
= 22 liters
= 5.8 U.S. Gallons
 
Used as one of the measures for liquids. The equivalence values are based on the Old Testament use of bath as a liquid measurement.
 
1Kings 7:26;
Isaiah 5:10
          
Cubit
 
= 43 to 53 centimeters
= 17 to 21 inches U.S.
 
Very common Biblical measure of length. Cubits are based on the distance between the tip of the middle finger and the elbow.
 
Genesis 6:13-16
Matthew 6:27;
Luke 12:25
          
Ephah
 
= 10 omers
= .62 bushels
= 22 liters
= 20 dry quarts U.S.
 
Used as a dry measure.
 
Exodus 16:36;
1Samuel 17:17
          
Farthing
 
= 2 mites
= 1/4th of a cent U.S.
 
Used as a measure of money in the New Testament.
 
Matthew 5:26
Matthew 10:29
Mark 12:42
          
Gerah
 
= 1/20th of a Shekel
= .57 grams
= .02 ounces U.S.
 
One of the common weights used. Used also as a sum of money. It is the smallest weight and smallest piece of money used among Hebrews.
 
Leviticus 27:25;
Numbers 3:47
          
Hin
 
= 1/6th of a Bath
= 3.7 liters
= 1 Gallon U.S.
 
Used as a measurement of liquids.
 
Exodus 29:40
Exodus 30:24
Numbers 15:4
Biblical Unit  Equivalent to  Comments  Bible Examples
Homer
(Cor)
 
Dry Measure
= 10 Ephahs
= 211 liters
= 6 bushels U.S.

Liquid Measure
= 10 Baths
= 220 liters
= 58 Gallons U.S.
 
One of the common measures that can be used for dry or liquid volume.
 
Ezekiel 45:11, 13-14
 
Mina
 
= 50 shekels
= 1/60th talent
= 567 grams
= 1.26 pounds U.S.
 
Used as a measure of weight and sum of money.
 
Ezra 2:69;
Ezekiel 45:12
 
Mite
 
= 1/2 Roman quadran
= 1/2 farthing
= 1/8th of a cent U.S.
 
Used as a measure of money in the New Testament. The Greek word means the smallest bronze of copper coin used.
 
Luke 12:59, 21:2
 
Omer
 
= 1/10 ephah
= 2.2 dry liters
= 2 dry quarts U.S.
 
Used as a dry measure. The original language word from which we get Omer is also sometimes translated as the English word sheaf. A sheaf was considered a quantity of grain big enough to bundle.
 
Exodus 16:22
Exodus 32-33, 36
 
Penny
 
= 16 cents U.S.
 
Used as a measure of money. The word is translated pence or pennyworth in the New Testament.
 
Matthew 18:28
Matthew 20:2, 9
Mark 6:37, 14:5
 
Pound
 
Weight
= 100 shekels

Money
= 100 Roman denarii
= 100 Greek drachmas
= $16.00 U.S.
 
One of the common Biblical weights that is also used for money.
 
1Kings 10:17
Ezra 2:29
Luke 19:13, 16, 18
 
Sabbath day
journey
 
= 2,000 cubits
= .91 Kilometers
= 1,000 yards U.S.
 
A Sabbath day's journey, according to Jewish tradition, was the maximum allowable distance one could travel on the Sabbath and not violate the law.
 
Acts 1:12
Joshua 3:4
 
Shekel
 
= 20 gerahs
= 11.4 grams
= .4 ounces U.S.
 
Used as a measure of weight and money.
 
Genesis 23:15-16
Exodus 21:32, 30:13
Ezekiel 45:12
 
Span
 
= 1/2 cubit
= 22.8 centimeters
= 9 inches U.S.
 
Used as a measure of length. A span is the width of a spread out human hand from the tip of the thumb to the tip of the pinky finger.
 
Exodus 28:16
1Samuel 17:4
Ezekiel 43:13
 
Talent
 
= 3,000 shekels
= 60 minas
= 34.3 kilograms
= 75 U.S. pounds
 
One of the common Biblical weights that is also used for money.
 
Exodus 38:24-29
1Kings 9:14
Matthew 18:24
Revelation 16:21
   
 
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