City Synonyms in the Bible

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Below is a list of synonymous city names and locations based on the King James (KJV) Bible.

Areopagus and Mars Hill both refer to an elevated location in Athens (Acts 17:19, 22).

The city of Beersheba was also called Shebah (Genesis 26:33).

Bethlehem is also referenced as Bethlehem Ephratah (Ephrathah) in Micah 5:2, Ephrath (Genesis 35:19, 48:7) or Ephratah (Ruth 4:11) in the Bible.

Edom (Genesis 25:30), as well as Seir (Genesis 14:6) and Idumea (Isaiah 34:5 - 6, spelled Idumaea in Mark 3:8) all refer to the area lived in by Esau and his descendants.

Gadarenes (Mark 5:1, Luke 8:26 - 27) and Gergesenes (Matthew 8:28) are essentially referring to the same location near the city of Gardara.


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Golgotha, the hill on which Jesus was crucified, is also called "place of the skull" (Matthew 27:31 - 33) and Calvary (Luke 23:32 - 33).

The city of Hebron included an area known as Mamre where Abraham, Isaac and Jacob resided for part of their lives. A cave in the area was used as a burial location for these patriarchs.

The cities of Kadesh-barnea (Deuteronomy 2:14), Kadesh (Genesis 14:7), Enmishpat (Genesis 14:7), Meribah-kadesh (Deuteronomy 32:51) and Meribah (Numbers 27:14) all refer to the same place.

Kedesh (Joshua 20:7), located within the tribe of Naphtali's territory, was also called Kedesh-naphtali (Judges 4:6).

Kirharaseth (2Kings 3:25) is also called Kirhareseth (Isaiah 16:7) and Kirheres (Isaiah 16:11, Jeremiah 48:31, 36).

Kirjath-jearim (Joshua 15:9), located near Jerusalem, is also called Baalah (Joshua 15:9), Kirjathbaal (Joshua 15:60), Baale of Judah (2Samuel 6:2), Kirjath (Joshua 18:28) and Kirjatharim (Ezra 2:25).

Memphis (Hosea 9:6) is another named for the ancient Egyptian capital of Noph (see Isaiah 19:13, Jeremiah 2:16, etc.).

Mount Hermon was called Sirion by the Sidonians (Phoenicians) and Shenir or Senir by the Amorites (Deuteronomy 3:9, Song of Solomon 4:8, Ezekiel 27:5) according to the Bible.

No (Jeremiah 46:25 - 26) is the Hebrew reference to the city of Thebes, the capital of ancient Egypt's Upper Kingdom for most of its history.

Many Biblical commentaries believe that references to Mount Sinai and Mount Horeb are referring to the same general location (see Exodus 3:1, 17:6, 33:6).


Spelling differences

The King James translators sometimes varied their spelling of cities and other destinations. Below is a list of such synonymous Biblical references.

The city of Ajalon (Joshua 10:12) is also spelled Aijalon (Joshua 21:24). At Joshua's command, the moon miraculously stood still over the valley of Ajalon so that the Israelites could defeat the Amorites (Joshua 10:12 - 14).

Ashkelon, one of the Philistine's five major cities, is also spelled Askelon in Judges 1:18, 1Samuel 6:17 and 2Samuel 1:20.

Ashtaroth is also spelled Ashtoreth (1Kings 11:5, etc.) and additionally is referenced as Ashteroth Karnaim (Genesis 14:5). It was one of the first cities conquered in the Bible's first recorded war.

Bethshan (1Samuel 31:10, etc.) and Bethshean (Joshua 17:16, etc.) refer to the same city.

Chinnereth (Numbers 34:11, Joshua 13:27) is also spelled Chinneroth (Joshua 11:2, 12:3) or Cinneroth (1Kings 15:20). The city of Chinnereth (Joshua 19:35) may be where the sea it sat near got its name.

Kishon (Joshua 21:28) is spelled Kishion in Joshua 19:20.

An area known as Padanaram is also spelled Padan in Genesis 48:7. Abraham lived in Haran, which is in an area called Padanaram, after he left his hometown of Ur.

Penuel, a city located in Gilead east of the Jordan River, is also spelled Peniel (Genesis 32:30 - 31).

Rameses (Genesis 47:11, etc.), the Egyptian city, is also spelled Raamses (Exodus 1:11).

Shechem (Genesis 37:13, etc.) is also spelled Sichem (Genesis 12:6).

The city of Sidon (Genesis 10:19) is also spelled Zidon in most of the KJV Old Testament (Joshua 11:18, 19:28 - 29, etc.).

Sihor (Joshua 13:3) is also called Shihor in 1Chronicles 13:5.

Sinai is spelled Sina in two New Testament verses (Acts 7:30, 38).

The city of Socoh (Joshua 15:35) can also be spelled Sochoh (1Kings 4:10), Shochoh (1Samuel 17:1), Socho (1Chronicles 4:18), Shoco (2Chronicles 11:7) or Shocho (2Chronicles 28:18).

Zaretan is called Zarthan in 1Kings 7:46 and Zaretan in 1Kings 4:12.

Zeboim (Genesis 10:19), a city that existed close to Sodom and Gomorrah, is also spelled Zeboiim (Genesis 14:2, 8).

Additional KJV Study Aids
Hidden Biblical Waters
KJV Spelling Corrections
Original Biblical City Names
Biblical People with Multiple Names
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