The Meaning of Numbers: The Number 24
The number 24 is associated with the priesthood. Since it is composed of a multiple of 12, it takes on some of 12's meaning (which is God's power and authority, as well as perfect foundation) except in a higher form. Twenty-four, therefore, is also connected with the worship of God, especially at the temple.
It was King David who divided those responsible for the music in temple services, those who served as priests, and the Levites who aided the priests, into 24 courses (1Chronicles 23 - 24). When a particular course of priests served they usually divided their work amongst themselves by lot.
The order which the 24 courses of priests served in the temple are: 1) Jehoiarib; 2) Jedaiah; 3) Harim; 4) Seorim; 5) Malchijah; 6) Mijamin; 7) Hakkoz; 8) Abijah; 9) Jeshua; 10) Shecaniah; 11) Eliashib; 12) Jakim; 13) Huppah; 14) Jeshebeab; 15) Bilgah; 16) Immer; 17) Hezir; 18) Happizzez; 19) Pethahiah; 20) Jehezkel; 21) Jachin; 22) Gamul; 23) Delaiah; 24) Maaziah (1Chronicles 24).
The New Testament makes reference to one of the priestly courses when it states that the father of John the Baptist was a priest who served in Abia's (Abijah's) course (Luke 1:5). Abijah's course was the eighth one that rotated responsibilities with other priests.
Appearances of the number twenty-four
Although the book of Luke only has twenty-four chapters, it has more words the Acts, which has 28 chapters. Therefore, in a real sense, it is correct to say that Luke is the longest New Testament book.
Of the top five New Testament writings that contain the most material from the Old Testament, the book of Mark has content from a total number of 24 books.
Baasha, the third king of Israel to reign after the kingdom split in 930 B.C., ruled for 24 years.
How is the number 24 related to Christ's rule?
Psalm 72 lists 24 things that Jesus Christ, as High Priest after the order of Melchizedek, will do when He sits upon His throne and rules as King and Priest during the Millennium.
He will righteously judge the people
He will judge, with justice, the poor and needy
Peace will be brought by the mountains
Small hills shall also experience peace
He shall judge the poor
He shall save the children of the needy
Those who oppress will be crushed
He shall rule like rain upon grass
He shall rule like the water that showers the globe
He will cause the righteous to flourish
He will bring the righteous an abundance of peace
He shall rule from sea to sea
He shall rule from the river unto the ends of the earth.
When he hears the needy cry out he will deliver him
The poor and those who have no help will also be delivered
Those who are needy and weak will receive compassion
The lives of those in need will be saved
The needy who are oppressed and experience violence will be redeemed
The blood of those in need will be precious in His sight
He will cause an abundance of grain on the earth
He will bring an abundance of fruit
He will make those of the city flourish like grass
He will make His name to be continued
He will bless all men
Additional info on the Biblical Meaning of 24
Around God's heavenly throne are 24 elders, each wearing crowns and sitting on thrones, who (possibly) assist him in the governing of the universe (Revelation 4:1 - 4).