The region beyond
Several Biblical people are named Eber, the most noteworthy of which was the son of Salah born in 2246 B.C. His name is used to derive the term "Hebrew" to describe his descendants. The word is Biblically used for the first time, six generations later, when Abram (Abraham) is called a Hebrew (Genesis 14:13).
Genesis 10:21 - 25, 11:14 - 17, Numbers 24:24, 1Chronicles 1:18 - 25, 8:12, Nehemiah 12:20
Ed is the name of an altar built, east of the Jordan River, by the tribes of Gad and Reuben. It was constructed in order to be a witness that Yahweh is God.
As an interesting side note, the word Ed, at just two letters, is one of the shortest names in the entire Bible. Others short references include Ai (Joshua 7:2), Ar (Numbers 21:15), Er (Genesis 38:3) and others.
Eder was a city given to the tribe of Judah as an inheritance in the Promised Land. Eder was also the name of a person in the tribe of Benjamin and another one who was a Levite.
Joshua 15:21, 1Chronicles 23:23, 24:30
Mighty, goodly pasture
Edrei was a city in the tribe of Manasseh's territory east of the Jordan River. The city was east of a major north-south trading route known as the King's Highway.
Numbers 21:33, Deuteronomy 1:4, 3:1, 10, Joshua 12:4, 13:12, 31, 19:37
Double reservoir (pond)
Eglaim was a city located east of the Dead Sea in the land of Moab.
The king of Eglon was one of the thirty-one rulers conquered by Joshua. His city was given to the tribe of Judah as an inheritance in the Promised Land.
Eglon was also the name of a Moabite King who oppressed ancient Israel for eighteen years. God's people were set free from his domination, however, through the Israelite Judge Ehud.
Joshua 10:3, 5, 23, 34, 36, 37, 12:12, 15:39, Judges 3:12 -17
Ehud, from the tribe of Benjamin, was a rare left-handed warrior. After freeing the people from domination by King Eglon, he serves as Judge of God's people for eighty years (1292 to 1212 B.C.). His service is the longest of any Israelite Judge.
The Valley of Elah is where a young David, after Samuel annointed him Israel's new king to replace Saul, defeated Goliath the giant.
Several Biblical people are named Elah. One of Esau's eleven sons who were considered chieftains ("dukes" in the KJV) of Edom was named Elah.
The fourth ruler over the Kingdom of Israel, after its split with Judah, was also named Elah. He ruled from 886 to 885 B.C. Later, another Elah was the father of Hoshea, the last king of Israel before the nation went into captivity. Others who possessed this name include one of Caleb's sons and a son of Uzzi.
Genesis 36:41, 1Samuel 17:2, 19, 21:9, 1Kings 4:18, 16:6 - 14, 2Kings 17:1, 18:1, 9, 1Chronicles 1:52, 4;15, 9:8
The God of the House of God, God of Bethel
Elbethel was a location named by the patriarch Jacob after God appeared to him.
God has made
At least two people are named Eleasah. The first is a descendant of Judah while the second is in the lineage of King Saul.
1Chronicles 2:39 - 40, 8:37, 9:43
God is helper, God has helped
Exodus 6:23 - 25, 28:1, Leviticus 10:6 - 16, Numbers 3:2 - 4, 32, 4:16, 16:37 - 39, etc.
The mighty God of Israel (Jisrael)
Elelohe-Israel was the name Jacob gave an altar he erected near the city of Shalem.
God has been gracious
Elhanan was the name of one of King David's thirty-seven mighty men of valor. He is noteworthy for killing Lahmi, the giant brother of Goliath, in battle.
2Samuel 21:19, 23:24, 1Chronicles 11:26, 20:5
Eli was both a High Priest and Judge in Israel. He took care of a young Samuel after his mother Hannah dedicated him to God's service.
His corrupt behavior, and that of his two sons Phinehas and Hophni who ministered at God's tabernacle in Shiloh, earned him God's condemnation (1Samuel 3:11 - 14). Both his sons would eventually die in battle and he would die through an accident. King Solomon fulfilled the prophecies given against Eli by removing Abiathar, his descendant, from serving as High Priest.
1Samuel 1 - 4, 14:3, 1Kings 2:27
God of his father, my God is father
There are at least six men named Eliab in the Old Testament. One of these was the eldest son of Jesse and older brother of King David. Another man was a warrior from the tribe of Gad who served in David's army.
Numbers 1:9, 2:7, 7:24, 29, 10:16, 16:1, 12, 26:8 - 9, Deuteronomy 11:6, 1Samuel 16:6, 17:13, 28, 1Chronicles 2:13, 6:27, 12:9, 15:18 - 20, 16:5, 2Chronicles 11:18
Eliahba was one of King David's thirty-seven mighty men of valor who zealously fought for him.
1Chronicles 11:33, 2Samuel 23:32
God of raising, God sets up
Strong's #H471, #G1662
2Kings 18:18 - 37, 19:2, 23:34, 2Chronicles 36:4, Nehemiah 12:41, Isaiah 22:20, 36:3, 11, 22, 37:2, Matthew 1:13, Luke 3:30
God of the people, God is kinsman
2Samuel 11:3, 23:34
See our entry for Elijah.
Gatherer, God has added
Numbers 1:14, 2:14, 3:24, 7:42, 47, 10:20
At least six Old Testament men are named Eliashib. One of these is in the royal lineage of King David. Another Eliashib headed up one of the courses of priests, established by David, for serving in God's temple.
1Chronicles 3:24, 24:12, Ezra 10:6, 24 - 36, Nehemiah 3:1, 20 - 21, 12:10 - 23, 13:4 - 7, 28
God is (of) help
Strong's #H461, #G1663
Genesis 15:2, Exodus 18:4, 1Chronicles 7:8, 15:24, 23:15 - 17, 26:25, 27:16, 2Chronicles 20:37, Ezra 8:16, 10:18, 23, 31, Luke 3:29
God of him, He is my God
Several Old Testament people are named Elihu, the most famous of which righteously corrected Job when Job's three friends could not.
1Samuel 1:1, 1Chronicles 12:20, 26:7, 27:18, Job 32:2 - 6, 34:1, 35:1, 36:1
My God is Jehovah, God of Jehovah
Strong's #H452, G2243
The King James New Testament spells Elijah's name as Elias. Two people are named Elijah in the Old Testament, the most well known of which was a prophet who interacted with King Ahab.
1Kings 17 - 19, 21:17 - 28, 2Kings 1 - 2, 3:11, 9:36, 10:10 - 17, 2Chronicles 21:12, Ezra 10:21, Malachi 4:5, Matthew 11:14, 16:14,17:3 - 12, 27:47, 49, etc.
My God is gold
Eliphas was the name of one of Esau's sons and the name of one of Job's three friends.
Genesis 36:4 - 16, 1Chronicles 1:35 - 36, Job 2:11, 4:1, 15:1, 22:1, 42:7, 9
Oath of God
Elisabeth is the King James New Testament spelling of Elizabeth. She is noteworthy not only for giving birth to John the Baptist but also being the cousin of Mary, Jesus' mother.
Luke 1:5 - 57
God is salvation
Elisha was Elijah's prophetic successor. He received 'a double portion' of Elijah's spirit after seeing him leave on a chariot of fire.
1Kings 19:16 - 19, 2Kings 2 - 9, 13:14 - 21
God is majesty, God his praise
Matthew 1:14 - 15
God is chastener
Arioch, king of Ellasar, was part of a confederation of kings, led by Chedorlaomer, that initiated the first wars in Scripture.
Genesis 14:1, 9
Terebinth, mighty, oakgrove
Elon, from the tribe of Zebulon, was one of Israel Judges. He served from 1074 to 1064 B.C.
Genesis 26:34, 36:2, 46:14, Numbers 26:26, Joshua 19:43, Judges 12:11 - 12
Let God spue thee out
Eltekeh was a Levitical city within the tribe of Dan's inheritance in the Promised Land.
God is straight
Eltekon was a Levitical city within the tribe of Judah's inheritance in the Promised Land.
God is generator, God's generations
Eltolad was a city given to the tribe of Judah as an inheritance in the Promised Land.
A wise man
Elymas the sorcerer was also known as Bar-jesus, a name which means "son of Jesus" (Strong's #G919).
Acts 13:6, 8
The Emins were a group of giants that were defeated at Shaveh Kiriathaim by Chedorlaomer's forces. According to Deuteronomy, these people, who at one time were quite numerous and tall, lived in the land that was later inhabited by the Moabites.
Genesis 14:5, Deuteronomy 2:10 - 11
God with us
Emmanuel, spelled Immanuel in most translations other than the King James, is one of the many names and titles given to Jesus Christ.
Double spring (fountain)
Enam was a city given to the tribe of Judah as an inheritance in the Promised Land.
Fountain of gardens
Engannim was a Levitical city in the tribe of Isaachar's territory. It is also the name of a city within Judah's territory.
Joshua 15:34, 19:21, 21:29
Fountain of a village, fount of Hazor
Enhazor was a city given to the tribe of Naphtali as an inheritance in the Promised Land.
Read our dedicated article on this topic.
Strong's #H2585, #G1802
There are at least two "Enochs" in Scripture. The first is the eldest son of Cain. The second is the father of Methuselah, the oldest person who ever lived at 969 years. This Enoch was 365 years old when God "translated" him, meaning He moved him miraculously to another place on earth to (likely) avoid being killed.
Genesis 4:17 - 18, 5:18 - 24, Luke 3:37, Hebrews 11:5, Jude 1:14
Man, mortal man
Strong's #H583, #G1800
Enos is a King James Bible variant spelling of Enosh. He was the son of Seth and grandson of Adam. At a lifespan of 905 years, Enosh is one of only six Biblical people known to have lived more than 900 years.
Genesis 4:26, 5:6 - 11, Luke 3:38
Fountain of a traveller, fount of the fuller
Joshua 15:7, 18:16, 2Samuel 17:17, 1Kings 1:9
Colossians 1:7, 4:12, Philemon 1:23
Philippians 2:25 - 30, 4:18, 23
Epenetus is spelled Epaenetus in the King James New Testament. Please see listing under people connected to Apostle Paul.
Ash heap, place of fruitfulness
The Bible lists both a man and a woman named Ephratah. It is also an early name for the city of Bethlehem.
Ruth 4:11, 1Chronicles 2:50, 4:4, Psalm 132:6, Micah 5:2
Strong's #H6147, #G2262
Three men are named Er in the Bible. The first Er was the firstborn son of tribal founder Judah. Sometime after Er married Tamar, a woman selected by his father Judah, God personally killed him because he was wicked.
One of Judah's other children, a man named Shelah, produced a son and named him Er (making him Judah's grandson).
A third man named Er is listed in Jesus' bloodline, which starts with Joseph as a placeholder for Mary, which goes all the way back to King David and Adam.
Genesis 38:3, 6 - 7, 46:12, Numbers 26:19, 1Chronicles 2:3, 4:21, Luke 3:28
Acts 19:22, Romans 16:23, 2Timothy 4:20
Erech is also known by the name Uruk. It was one of the first cities built by Nimrod after the great flood. In the New King James translation of Ezra 4 verses 6 to 10, the people of Erech are mentioned as some of those whom the Assyrians forced to repopulate Samaria after they had conquered it.
Esaias is the King James New Testament spelling of Isaiah.
Matthew 3:3, 4:14, 8:17, 12:17, 13:14, 15:7, etc.
Ashur has given a brother
Esarhaddon was one of the sons of King Sennacherib of Assyria. He succeeded to the throne of Assyria after two of his brothers killed Sennacherib and fled to Ararat.
2Kings 19:37, Ezra 4:2, Isaiah 37:38
Eshcol is the name of both a brook and valley located near Hebron. It is from this location that some of the spies sent by Moses cut down a branch with a huge cluster of grapes as proof of the Promised Land's fertility.
Eshcol was also an Amorite man who, with his brothers Aner and Mamre, aided Abram (Abraham) in defeating a mighty army led by Chedorlaomer. The defeat allowed Abraham to save Lot and his family.
Numbers 13:23 - 24, Numbers 32:9, Deuteronomy 1:24
Eshtaol was a city originally given to Judah as an inheritance in the Promised Land but then later given to the tribe of Dan. It is at Eshtaol that God's spirit began to move Samson to fulfill his will. After Samson's death he was buried near the city.
Joshua 15:33, 19:41, Judges 13:25, 16:31, 18:2, 8, 1
Obedience, I shall cause my own ruin, fire of astonishment, I shall soar aloft
Eshtemoa was a Levitical city within the tribe of Judah's inheritance in the Promised Land. After one of King David's military victories he sent some of the spoils to Eshtemoa.
Eshtemoa is also the name of one of Caleb's descendants. Only Caleb and Joshua, of all those who left Egyptian slavery under Moses, were allowed by God to enter the Promised Land.
Joshua 21:14, 1Samuel 30:28, 1Chronicles 4:17, 19, 6:57
Queen Esther was the Jewish wife of Persian king Ahasuerus (Xerxes). Esther, with the help of Mordecai, foils a plot by Haman to kill all the Jews in the kingdom.
Book of Esther
Lair of wild beasts, hawk ground
Judges 15:8, 11, 1Chronicles 4:3, 32, 2Chronicles 11:6
With them: their plowshare
The wilderness of Etham was one of the earliest stops of the Israelites after they left Egyptian bondage.
Exodus 13:20, Numbers 33:6 - 8
1Kings 4:31, 1Chronicles 2;6, 8, 6:42, 44, 15:17, 19, Psalm 89:1
Ethbaal was the king of the Zidonians and the father of Jezebel who married King Ahab.
Ether was a city given to the tribe of Simeon as an inheritance in the Promised Land.
Joshua 15:42, 19:7
Strong's #H3568, #G128
In the King James, the same Hebrew word translated "Ethiopia" in many verses is also translated as "Cush" in several others (Genesis 10:6 - 8, 1Chronicles 1:8 - 10, Psalm 7:1, Isaiah 11:11).
Genesis 2:13, 2Kings 19:9, Esther 1:1, 8:9, Job 28:19, Psalm 68:31, 87:4, Isaiah 18:1, 20:3 - 5, 37:9, 43:3, 45:14, Ezekiel 29:10, 30:4 - 5, 38:5, Nahum 3:9, Zephaniah 3:10, Acts 8:27
Good willer, prudent
Good victory, victorious
Eunice was the mother of Timothy, the Apostle Paul's most trusted friend and fellow evangelist. Please see listing under people connected to Apostle Paul
Fine travelling, fragrant
Philippians 4:2 - 3
Read our dedicated article on this topic.
Forunate, well fated
Eutychus was a young man whom the Apostle Paul brought back from the dead. Please see listing under people connected to Apostle Paul
Acts 20:9 - 10
Life, living, lifegiver
Strong's #H2332, #G2096
Eve, the first woman, was created from one of Adam's ribs. She gave birth to Cain, the world's first murderer, as well as Abel, Seth and many other children.
Genesis 3:20, 4:1, 2Corinthians 11:3, 1Timothy 2:13
Man of Merodach, soldier of Merodak
Evil-merodach was the son of Babylon's King Nebuchadnezzar. He succeeded his father on the throne but ruled for roughly one year (561 to 560 B.C.).
2Kings 25:27, Jeremiah 52:31
God will strengthen
Ezekiel is considered one of the Bible's major prophets. He is known for having visions of God's throne ("wheel in the middle of a wheel" vision) and of a valley of dry bones.
Ezekiel 1:3, 24:24
Backbone of (like) a man
Eziongeber was the last stop on the major north-south route, east of the Jordan River, called the King's Highway. It was also one of the stops along the route the children of Israel took to the Promised Land.
Eziongeber, located at the Gulf of Aqaba, was one of the few ports known to have been used by ancient Israel. During the time of King Solomon it was utilized for ship building and for excursions to Ophir to gather gold and other riches.
1Kings 9:26, 22:48, 2Chronicles 8:17, 20:36
Strong's #H5830, #H5834
There are two Ezras mentioned in Scripture. The first, mentioned only in 1Chronicles 4:17, has his name derived from a different Hebrew word (#H5830) than the more well known Ezra of the Bible.
The other Ezra, who authored the Biblical book of the same name, was a priest who led the effort to collect and canonize the writings that would become the Old Testament.
1Chronicles 4:17, Ezra 7, 10, Nehemiah 8, 12