Last Days of Jesus Timeline

 
TIME DATE * / EVENTS TIME
 
 
SUNSET

Wednesday, March 29th, 30 A.D.
Nisan 8, Hebrew Year 3790 begins
SUNSET
 

Six days before his last Passover Jesus comes to Lazarus' house in Bethany, has supper and stays. (John 12:1-2). After supper Lazarus' sister Mary anoints his feet with very expensive ointment. Judas (who carries the group's money bag) complains that what was spent on ointment could have been used to help the poor. The REAL reason Judas complained was that he was a thief who wanted more money to steal. (John 12:3-11)

 
MIDNIGHT

Thursday, March 30 begins
MIDNIGHT
   
MORNING
Jesus travels from Bethany to Bethphage. In the village he mounts a colt for his triumphal entry into Jerusalem. As he travels the multitudes begin to praise him and God:

"Hosanna! Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord! Blessed is the kingdom of our father David that comes in
the name of the Lord! Hosanna in the highest!"
(Mark 11:9-10)

The crowds gathering and following Jesus place their clothes and cut palm tree branches on the road in front of him. The Pharisees (religious leaders) hear the crowd's praises and ask him to tell them to SHUT UP! His replies that if THEY did not cry out praises the stones would! (Matthew 21:1-11; Mark 11:1-10; Luke 19:29-40; John 12:12-19)

As Jesus nears Jerusalem he begins to weep. He is heard saying that, because the city did not accept him as Savior, it would soon be utterly destroyed (Luke 19:41-44). He goes to the temple and returns in the evening to Bethany (Mark 11:11). He teaches daily in the temple (Luke 19:47-48).
MORNING

TIME DATE * / EVENTSTIME
 
SUNSET

Nisan 9 begins
START OF PREPARATION DAY FOR WEEKLY SABBATH
SUNSET
 
MIDNIGHT

Friday, March 31 begins
MIDNIGHT
 
MORNING
As Jesus travels back to Jerusalem he becomes hungry. He spots a fig tree and goes to it hoping to find figs. Finding only leaves he says to the tree "Let no one eat fruit from you ever again." (Mark 11:14). He arrives at the temple and casts out the money changers and dove sellers, saying:

"'It is written, 'My house is a house of prayer,' but you have made it a 'den of thieves.'' " (Luke 19:46)

Money changers, notorious for being corrupt, exchanged currency for the Temple's half-shekel coin needed to pay the yearly temple tribute. Those who were poor bought doves and used them to make a temple offering. While Jesus heals many at the temple children begin to shout "Hosanna to the Son of David!" (Matthew 21:15). The chief priests and scribes, hearing the children, make themselves VERY ANGRY and tell him to make them stop. He corrects them by stating the children are fulfilling prophecy (Matthew 21:12-16; Mark 11:12-17; Luke 19:45-48). He returns to Bethany for the night (Matthew 21:17; Mark 11:19).

MORNING
 
SUNSET

Nisan 10 begins
START OF WEEKLY SABBATH
SUNSET
 
APRIL 30 A.D.
            1
2 3 4 5 6 7 8
9 10 11 12 13 14 15
16 17 18 19 20 21 22
23 24 25 26 27 28 29
30
 
MIDNIGHT

Saturday, April 1 begins
MIDNIGHT
 
MORNING
While traveling to Jerusalem the disciples notice that the cursed fig tree is dried up (Matthew 21:19-22; Mark 11:20-26). Some Hellenist Jews, in Jerusalem to celebrate the feast, ask Philip if they can see him. When told of the request Jesus states his time has come to be glorified (John 12:20-27). He asks God the Father to glorify His (the Father's) name. A thunderous voice from heaven states God had, and will again, glorify His name (John 12:28-30). He states that NOW is the judgment of the world and that the prince of this world (Satan) will be cast out (John 12:31-36). He leaves the city again and hides himself for the remainder of the Sabbath (John 12:36).
MORNING
 
SUNSET

Nisan 11 begins
END OF WEEKLY SABBATH
SUNSET
 
MIDNIGHT

Sunday, April 2 begins
MIDNIGHT
 
MORNING
At Jerusalem's temple the chief priests, scribes and elders, for the final time, confront and challenge Jesus' authority. (Matthew 21:23-24:2; Mark 11:27-13:2; Luke 20:1-21:4). The confrontation lasts from morning to late afternoon.
MORNING
 
LATE
AFTERNOON
Jesus and the disciples start to leave the temple area for the Mount of Olives. As they exit he reveals that Jerusalem's temple will soon be destroyed (Matthew 24:1-2; Mark 13:1-2; Luke 21:5-6). On the Mount of Olives he prophesies about the events to occur just before his second coming to earth and the completion of the age (Matthew 24:3-26:2; Mark 13:3-7; Luke 21:7-38)
LATE
AFTERNOON
 
NEAR
EVENING
The disciples are told that the Passover is after two days (Matthew 26:2; Mark 14:1). The chief priests, scribes, elders, etc. of the Great Sanhedrin, who HATE him, meet at the palace of Caiaphas the high priest. They meet to discuss how to have him killed "by trickery" (Matthew 26:5). Jesus travels to Bethany and stays at Simon the Leper's house. While eating a woman comes in and anoints his head with very expensive ointment. Some of the disciples roundly criticize the woman for buying such costly ointment instead of using the money to help the poor. He, however, first chides the disciples for being overly critical then states the woman was anointing him for his burial (Matthew 26:6-13; Mark 14:3-9).
NEAR
EVENING
 
SUNSET

Nisan 12 begins
SUNSET
 
MIDNIGHT

Monday, April 3 begins
MIDNIGHT
 
SOMETIME
DURING
THE DAY
Judas betrays Christ to the chief priests for thirty pieces of silver (Matthew 26:14-16; Mark 14:10-11; Luke 22:3-6).
SOMETIME
DURING
THE DAY
 
SUNSET

Nisan 13 begins
SUNSET
 
MIDNIGHT

Tuesday, April 4 begins
MIDNIGHT
 
SOMETIME
DURING
THE DAY
The disciples prepare for the Passover, which will be observed after sunset. (Matthew 26:17-19; Mark 14:12-16; Luke 22:7-13).
SOMETIME
DURING
THE DAY
 
SUNSET

Nisan 14 begins
SUNSET
   
7 - 7:30 pm
The Last Passover

The last Passover Jesus will observe on earth begins (Matthew 26:20; Mark 14:17; Luke 22:14-16). The chief or most prized seat on occasions like the Passover was on the LEFT side, not the right, of the host. The place where Peter sat was considered the lowest (most humble) place at the table. Judas, no doubt, felt he was the "greatest" disciple and therefore earned the right to sit in the place of honor next to him.

Jesus washes the feet of all of the disciples, including Judas, the one who will betray him. Peter initially objects to having his feet washed then allows him to do it. After he has completed he explains that what he has done for the disciples (wash their feet or footwashing) they now ought to do for each other. (John 13:2-17)

While they are eating Jesus declares to the twelve disciples that one of them will betray him. Peter leans across the table and tells John to ask him who was this person. It is revealed that the one who gets the sop (which is a morsel or small amount of food dipped in sauce), Judas Iscariot, is his betrayer. Upon receiving the sop Judas is immediately possessed by Satan the devil. He then says to the possessed Judas: "What you do, do quickly." (Matthew 26:21-25; Mark 14:18-21; Luke 22:21-23; John 13:18-32)

After Judas has left the room Jesus takes a piece of unleavened bread, blesses it and gives it to the disciples to eat. This institutes, as the apostle Paul will later confirm, the eating of unleavened bread during the yearly Christian Passover service. The bread represents his broken body, which he willingly offered for the forgiveness of sins (Matthew 26:26; Mark 14:22; Luke 22:19; 1Corinthians 11:23-24). He takes a cup of wine, gives thanks to God, then offers it to the disciples. He explains that the wine represents his blood, which is poured out for the forgiveness of sins and to make the New Covenant possible. (Matthew 26:27-29; Mark 14:23-25; Luke 22:17-20; 1Corinthians 11:25-29)

Soon after drinking the wine the disciples begin to argue as to who among them was the "greatest" - meaning which of them would be worthy to receive the highest office and rank in the earthly kingdom they expected Jesus would very shortly set up. He makes it VERY clear that the hierarchical structure used by kings to govern and exercise authority over others should NOT be used by the disciples. The "greatest" in God's eyes are those who humbly and unselfishly serve others. He also reveals that the disciples, in the kingdom of God, will sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel (Luke 22:24-30). He then teaches the disciples a NEW commandment: They are to love each other as HE has loved them. (John 13:33-35)

Jesus foretells that all the disciples will soon abandon him. Peter impulsively proclaims that even if ALL leave him HE will not. He declares to Peter that he will deny him not once but THREE times before the cock crows (before sunrise). (Matthew 26:31-35; Mark 14:27-31; Luke 22:31-34; John 13:36-38). He begins his final message to the disciples before he is arrested. Just before they leave for the Mount of Olives he informs them they will no longer freely have their needs met when they travel to preach the gospel. The disciples state they have two swords. (Luke 22:35-38; John 14:1-31). After singing a hymn he and the disciples travel to the Mount of Olives (Matthew 26:30, Mark 14:26).

7 - 7:30 pm
 
Approx.
9 pm
While walking to the Garden of Gethsemane (at the foot of the Mount of Olives) Jesus tells the disciples he is the True Vine. (John 15:1-27). He offers his final words of encouragement. (John 16:1-31) and again states that the disciples will leave him (John 16:32-33). They arrive at the Garden of Gethsemane, where Peter, James and John are taken to stand watch while Christ prays for three hours. The disciples, though asked to stay awake while he prays, quickly fall asleep. Although he initially prays that the "cup" of suffering and death awaiting him be taken away, he ultimately accepts whatever the Father wills. (Matthew 26: 36-44; Mark 14:32-40; Luke 22:39-46; John 17)
Approx.
9 pm
 
MIDNIGHT

Wednesday, April 5 begins
MIDNIGHT
 
Just after
Midnight
Judas arrives in the Garden of Gethsemane accompanied by armed officers and other men provided by the religious leaders. Judas, as a signal of which person to arrest, gives Jesus a kiss. (Matthew 26:45-49; Mark 14:41-45; Luke 22:47-48; John 18:1-8).
Just after
Midnight
 
Approx.
2 am
Annas questions Jesus about His disciples and teachings. Thinking his answers were disrespecting the priest an officer slaps him in the face. Annas sends him, bound, to Caiaphas the High Priest. (John 18:19-24). He is taken to the High Priest's palace for what will be the first of two trials. Assembled at the Priest's home are ONLY those chief priests, elders, scribes, etc. who HATE him and were members of the Great Sanhedrin (council). Council members such as Joseph of Arimathea and Nicodemus, who believed in him and would have defended him, are not at the trial. False witnesses at his trial accuse him of threatening to destroy Jerusalem's temple. He does not respond to the charges. Frustrated that he won't defend himself, Caiaphas calls upon GOD to witness his answer to his next inquiry:

" . . . And the high priest answered and said to Him,  'I put You under oath by the living God:  Tell us if You are the Christ, the Son of God!' Jesus said to him, 'It is as you said.  Nevertheless, I say to you, hereafter you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the Power, and coming on the clouds of heaven.'" (Matthew 26:63-64)

Upon hearing Jesus' answer Caiaphas angrily tears his clothes (which was AGAINST God's law, the penalty of which was DEATH - Leviticus 10:6, 21:10). He accuses him of blasphemy (assuming to himself the rights / qualities of God). He immediately asks the council for a verdict, to which they unanimously shout that he deserves the death penalty. (Matthew 26:59-68; Mark 14:55-65; Luke 22:63-65). Peter then denies him three times (Matthew 26:69-75; Mark 14:66-72; Luke 22:56-62; John 18:17, 25-27)
Approx.
2 am
 
Approx.
5:00 - 6 am
Because Jewish law demanded two sessions of the Sanhedrin hear and try a defendant, a second trial of Jesus was held around 5 a.m. This second trial, however, seems little more than than a "rubber stamp" or automatic approval of the first trial's decision. He is bound and sent to Pontius Pilate, the Roman Prefect of Judea, for punishment around 6 a.m. (Matthew 27:1-2; Mark 15:1; Luke 22:66 - 23:1; John 18:28)
Approx.
5:00 - 6 am
 
SUNRISE
Judas repents and hangs himself. The Chief Priests decide to buy a potter's field with thirty pieces of silver Judas gave back to them (Matthew 27:3-10; Acts 1:15-19)
SUNRISE
 
Approx.
7 am
Instead of blasphemy, the Jewish leaders bring Jesus to Pontius Pilate under the charge of treason against Rome. His enemies want the ROMANS to do the dirty job of "legally" murdering him! Pilate questions him (Matthew 27:11-14; Mark 15:2-5; Luke 23:2-4; John 18:29-30). Pilate discovers he is from Galilee and sends him to Herod Antipas (Tetrach of Galilee and son of Herod the Great) for judgment. Herod questions him but receives no answers. Herod and his soldiers mock him, put a splendid robe on him, and send him back to Pilate (Luke 23:5-12).
Approx.
7 am
 
Approx.
8 am
Pilate tells the Jewish religious leaders that he and Herod Antipas find Jesus innocent. Pilate wishes to release him (Luke 23:13-15; John 18:31-38). Before the Passover it was customary for the local Roman authority to allow the crowds to pick one prisoner to be freed. Pilate decides to use this custom to have the crowds choose who was to be set loose. The people, stirred up by chief priests in the crowd, cry that Barabbas should be freed.
Pilate, knowing the Jews delivered Jesus to him out of envy, tries to no avail to have the crowds choose him to free. Seeing that he was not accomplishing anything, Pilate washes his hands before the people to signify he is innocent of the blood of killing someone then says to the crowd: "I am innocent of the blood of this just Person.  You see to it." (Matthew 27:15-25; Mark 15:6-14; Luke 23:16-23, John 18:39-40)
Pilate releases the prisoner Barabbas. He then has his soldiers severely beat and scourge Jesus. The soldiers put a purple robe and a crown of thorns on him, then mock him by saying "Hail, King of the Jews!" They also spit on him, slap him and hit him in the head with a rod. After their mocking they remove the robe, put his own clothes back on then bring him to Pilate. (Matthew 27:26-31; Mark 15:15-20; Luke 23:24-25; John 19:1-5). Pilate has second thoughts about the crucifixion. The Jews, however, vehemently argue that Pilate is no friend of (Roman Emperor) Caesar if he releases him. The crowds cry that he should be crucified. (John 19:6-15), which Pilate obliges. The soldiers take him to Golgotha, also known as Calvary and the Place of the Skull, to be crucified. Along the route they force Simon of Cyrene to carry his cross (Matthew 27:32-33; Mark 15:21-22; Luke 23:26-31; John 19:16-17).
Approx.
8 am
 
9 am - Noon
Jesus is nailed to the cross. He is crucified along with two thieves. (Matthew 27:38; Mark 15:27-28; Luke 23:32-33; John 19:18). He refuses to drink wine (vinegar) mixed with gall while on the cross. (Matthew 27:34; Mark 15:23). Roman soldiers cast lots for his clothes. He asks God the Father to forgive those that are killing him. (Matthew 27:35-36; Mark 15:24-25; Luke 23:34; John 19:23-24). Pontius Pilate has the charge against him written in Hebrew, Greek and Latin and put on his cross. While the exact words Pilate wrote are unclear from the gospels, it was likely a version of "Jesus of Nazareth, the King of the Jews." The Jews object to what is written and request it changed. Pilate refuses their request. (Matthew 27:37; Mark 15:26; Luke 23:38; John 19:19-22).
 
Some in the crowd, where Christ is crucified, stare at him in amazement. Others such as Roman soldiers, members of the Sanhedrin (chief priests, scribes, elders) and even the two thieves also being crucified, mock him. Many shake their heads and vehemently denounce him. The "rulers" (Sanhedrin) taunt him claim of being the Messiah while the soldiers mock his claim of being a King:
" . . . But even the rulers with them sneered, saying,  'HE SAVED OTHERS;  LET HIM SAVE HIMSELF IF HE IS THE CHRIST, THE CHOSEN OF GOD.'  The soldiers also mocked Him, coming and offering Him sour wine, and saying,  'IF YOU ARE THE KING OF THE JEWS, SAVE YOURSELF.'" (Luke 23:35-37)
Many family and friends, at a distance, watch Jesus suffer on the cross. These include his mother Mary, her sister, Mary Magdalene and the apostle John. (Matthew 27:39-45, 55-56; Mark 15:29-33, 40-41; Luke 23:35-44, 48-49)
9 am - Noon
 
Noon - 3 pm
Darkness covers the entire land. Jesus tells his mother, Mary, to now consider the apostle John her son and tells John to take care of his mother Mary (John 19:25-27).
Noon - 3 pm
 
3 pm
The Savior of man is forsaken by God and cries out with a loud voice: "Eli Eli, lama sabachthani?" Some in the crowd think he is calling out to the prophet Elijah (Matthew 27:46-47, Mark 15:34-35). He is offered and accepts vinegar (sour wine). A spear is thrust into his side. He cries out with a loud voice "It is Finished!" His last words are: "Father, into Your hands I commit My spirit."
The veil in Jerusalem's temple that separates the Holy of Holies from the rest of the temple, believed to be 60 feet long, 30 feet wide and a few inches thick (18.8 meters by 9.1 meters and roughly 8 centimeters thick), is miraculously torn in two. (Matthew 27:51; Mark 15:38; Luke 23:45; John 19:38). An earthquake opens some of the graves of the saints. They are resurrected back to another physical life as a sign and witness. (Matthew 27:51-53). A Roman Centurion guarding Jesus acknowledges he was the Son of God (Matthew 27:54; Mark 15:39; Luke 23:47)
The Jews, desiring the death of those crucified before the Holy Day starts (around 6 pm), asks Pilate to break their legs. Pilate agrees. The legs of those crucified with Jesus are broken, but his are not since he is already dead. (John 19:31-37)
3 pm
 
Just before
Sunset
Pilate allows Joseph of Arimathea, a rich member of the Sanhedrin, to take the body of Jesus. Joseph and Nicodemus wrap his body in fine linen with a mixture of myrrh and aloes and bury him in the brand new tomb Joseph had made for himself. (Matthew 27:57-61; Mark 15:42-47; Luke 23:50-55; John 19:38-42).
Just before
Sunset
 
SUNSET

Nisan 15 begins
BEGINNING OF FIRST DAY OF FEAST OF UNLEAVENED BREAD
NO WORK IS DONE DURING HIGH DAY
SUNSET
 
MIDNIGHT

Thursday, April 6 begins
MIDNIGHT
 
Sometime
during
the day
The Chief Priests, along with the Pharisees, visit Pontius Pilate out of fear that Jesus' disciples will secretly steal his body then claim he has risen from the dead. The religious leaders request that Pilate use his troops to have the tomb secured. Pilate, however, gives them permission to use THEIR OWN guard for the task. The garden tomb is made secure, the stone at the entrance of the tomb is sealed, and a guard is placed near it. (Matthew 27:62-66)
Sometime
during
the day
 
SUNSET

Nisan 16 begins
START OF NORMAL WORK DAY - PREPARATION FOR WEEKLY SABBATH

When the Holy Day is over Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James and Salome buy and prepare spices for Jesus' body. (Mark 16:1; Luke 23:56)

SUNSET
 
MIDNIGHT

Friday, April 7 begins
MIDNIGHT
 
SUNSET

Nisan 17 begins
START OF WEEKLY SABBATH

Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James and Salome rest on the weekly Bible Sabbath. (Luke 23:56)

SUNSET
 
MIDNIGHT

Saturday, April 8 begins
MIDNIGHT
 
LATE
AFTERNOON
Toward the end of the weekly Sabbath Mary Magdalene and the "other Mary" check on Jesus' tomb. (Mark 16:1)
LATE
AFTERNOON
 
Just before Sunset
Just before sunset Jesus is RESURRECTED FROM THE DEAD after spending precisely 3 whole days and 3 whole nights (72 hours) in the tomb.
Just before Sunset
 
SUNSET

Nisan 18 begins
SUNSET
 
MIDNIGHT

Sunday, April 9 begins
MIDNIGHT
 
EARLY
MORNING
Mary Magdalene and other women go to the tomb with the spices they had prepared for his body.  As they travel to the grave they wonder who will move the massive stone from the tomb's entrance. The women (Mary Magdalene, Joanna, Mary the mother of James and others) arrive at the tomb and find the huge stone blocking the door has been rolled away! Before the women had arrived at the tomb an angel of the Lord had rolled away the stone blocking the door. Since Jesus had ALREADY been resurrected the previous day, the stone was rolled back NOT to let him out, but to let the women and the disciples IN!
When the women arrive at the tomb they see the angel that moved the stone sitting on top of it. The angel tells the women to enter the tomb. In the tomb they see a young man, clothed in a white robe, sitting on the right. The man shows them that the body is gone. He tells the women to inform the disciples, especially Peter, that Jesus is ALIVE. Mary Magdalene runs to tell Peter and John what has happened. Peter and John run to the tomb and see his linen cloths lying inside the tomb in one place and the cloth put over his head neatly folded and placed by itself. (Matthew 28:2-8; Mark 16:2-8; Luke 24:1-12; John 20:1-10). Mary Magdalene is the FIRST human to see Jesus alive after his resurrection. He tells Mary not to touch him as he has yet to ascend to God the Father (Mark 16:9-11; John 20:11-18)
EARLY
MORNING
 
Sometime
during
the day
Some of the Roman soldiers who guarded the garden tomb go to the chief priests and report all that had happened. The priests meet with the elders to decide what to do next. They decide to BRIBE the soldiers with a large sum of money to have them tell an incredibly ABSURD story as to what happened to the body:
  • While ALL of them (every soldier was asleep at the same time?)
  • were sleeping (sleeping while on watch was a CRIME in the Roman military punishable by immediate DEATH!)

  • Jesus' disciples (most of which are unarmed and ALL of which fearfully RAN AWAY when he was arrested)

  • came at night, (How could they have SECRETLY gone to the tomb without torches that would draw attention to themselves and possibly wake one of the heavily armed guards?)

  • moved the MASSIVE stone blocking the tomb's entrance (How? With a CRANE? In little or no light? In just a FEW hours before sunrise? Really?)

  • without waking ANY of them, (How does anyone QUICKLY and SILENTLY move, in the dark, a large rock?)

  • and then entered the tomb (Where would the disciples have gotten the energy to do this right after moving a big, heavy rock?)

  • and stole the body while, again, not waking up a single one of them!
Sometime
during
the day
Additional Study Materials
What Old Testament
prophecies did Christ fulfill?
Why was Judas the most
honored guest at the Passover?
 
 
 
 
* A Biblical day runs from sunset to sunset.  A Roman day (used today) runs from midnight to midnight.  The Bible Sabbath is observed each week from Sunset Friday to Sunset Saturday.
 
 
   
 
 
 
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