Timeline of Jesus' Ministry
AFTER his resurrection!

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Christ, after preaching his Father's message to the world for three and one-half years, is illegally arrested, tried, and executed in the spring of 30 A.D. Three full days after he took his last breath (72 hours), God resurrected him from the dead. Though the work of providing a sinless sacrifice through which man can be reconciled to God was complete, Christ had a few more things to accomplish before his final farewell to his disciples. The Bible tells us that Jesus appeared eight times, in human form, to various sets of people before the birth of the New Testament church occurred on Pentecost. This timeline delineates each of these manifestations during this ministry period.

Dates of Jesus's appearances, where known, are listed in the timeline in both Roman (modern) and Biblical (Hebrew) calendar formats. Please note that while Roman days begin at midnight, Biblical days begin at sunset.

Mary Magdalene
Sunday, April 9, 30 A.D. (Nisan 18, 3790)

Mary Magdalene was a woman who had SEVEN demons cast from her early in Jesus' ministry (Mark 16:9, Luke 8:2 - 3). She was one of a very close circle of family and friends who followed his ministry until his life ended on the cross. Mary is the FIRST human Jesus chose to reveal himself alive to, early Sunday morning, after God brought him back from the dead the previous day (Mark 16:9 - 11, John 20:11 - 18).

A surprise visit while going to Emmaus
Sunday, April 9

Jesus miraculously appears to two men while they are walking to Emmaus (Luke 24:13 - 33), a small village that was about seven from Jerusalem. He chides them for not believing what the prophets foretold regarding the Messiah then explains to them all the Biblical verses that pertained to him. The two men do not realize whom they are talking with until they all sit to eat. The moment 'their eyes were opened' and they realized it was JESUS they were talking with, he vanished from their sight!

Timeline of the Old Testament

Timeline of the New Testament

Why was the arrest of Jesus illegal?

What are the names of the Hebrew months?

How many resurrections are in the Bible?

Christ miraculously appears behind closed doors
Sunday, April 9 after sunset (Nisan 19)

This is the FIRST time Jesus shows himself alive to those who participated in his last Passover meal. His miraculous manifestation occurs while the disciples are behind closed doors in fear of the Jews. For reasons unknown, the disciple named Thomas was not with the group at this time.

19. Afterwards, as evening was drawing near that day, the first day of the weeks, and the doors were shut where the disciples had assembled for fear of the Jews, Jesus came and stood in the midst, and said to them, "Peace be to you" (John 20:19).

After Christ leaves, the disciples tell Thomas that the Lord appeared to them. Thomas doubts (which is where the phrase 'doubting Thomas' came from) their words and states "Unless I see the nail marks in His hands, and put my finger into the nail marks, and put my hand into His side, I will not believe at all" (John 20:25).

Doubting Thomas by Guercino
Doubting Thomas by Guercino

Doubting Thomas is made to believe
Sunday, April 16 after sunset (Nisan 26)

One week after his first appearance with most of his disciples Jesus manifests himself again, but this time Thomas is present (John 20:26 - 29). Although this constitutes the Lord's FOURTH time he has shown himself to humans to prove he has risen from the dead, this is the FIRST time all those (except Judas) who ate Passover with him see him as a group.

Once again, the Lord materializes out of nowhere when the disciples are meeting behind closed doors. He says to his disciples, "'Peace is to you.' 27. Then He said to Thomas, 'Put forth your finger, and see My hands . . . be not unbelieving, but believing'" (John 20:26 - 27).

30 A.D.

APRIL
 
MAY
            1     1 2 3 4 5 6
2 3 4 5 6 7 8   7 8 9 10 11 12 13
9 10 11 12 13 14 15   14 15 16 17 18 19 20
16 17 18 19 20 21 22   21 22 23 24 25 26 27
23 24 25 26 27 28 29   28 29 30 31      
30

Five hundred see Christ alive
Sometime between April 17 to May 17 (Nisan 27 to Iyar 26)

The apostle Paul is the only New Testament writer that mentions Jesus appeared to over five hundred brethren at one time after his resurrection (1Corinthians 15:6).

Keeping an appointment in Galilee
Sometime between April 17 to May 17

After partaking of his last Passover, Jesus told his eleven disciples (Judas was betraying him at the time) as they walked toward Gethsemane, "But after I have been raised, I will go before you into Galilee" (Matthew 26:32, see also Mark 14:28). The Bible records this meeting did occur (Matthew 28:16 - 17).

On the shores of Galilee
Sometime between April 17 to May 17

Jesus shows himself to seven of his disciples while they are fishing on Lake Galilee (John 21:1 - 24). Those who saw him were Peter, John, James, Thomas, Nathanael, and two other unnamed disciples (likely Andrew and Philip, who lived in the general area). During this next-to-last appearance Peter miraculously catches 153 fish in his net, then has Jesus ask him three times if he loves him. Peter then learns he will die a martyrs' death. Christ also alludes that John will remain alive long enough to write about the end of the age and his Second Coming (John will write the book of Revelation around 95 A.D.).

Final instructions and ascension
Thursday, May 18, 30 A.D. (Iyar 27, 3790)

Jesus meets with the disciples on the Mount of Olives (Acts 1). Just before his ascension into heaven, He commissions the apostles to preach the gospel to the entire world. He also tells them to wait ten more days (until Pentecost), in the city of Jerusalem, so that they may receive the power of the Holy Spirit. (Matthew 28:18 - 20, Mark 16:15 - 18, Luke 24:49, Acts 1:4 - 5).

The disciples ask Jesus if he will NOW restore the kingdom to Israel. He states that it is not for them to know when this will occur and reminds them of the POWER they will soon receive from God. He then blesses the disciples and begins to rise above the Mount of Olives as he ascends to heaven. As the disciples gaze at the Lord lifting above the clouds two angels in white appear. The angels tell them that Jesus will come back to the earth in the same way they saw him leave (Mark 16:19-20, Luke 24:50 - 53, Acts 1:6 - 11).

The Day of Pentecost - Birthday of the New Testament Church
Sunday, May 28, 30 A.D. (Sivan 8, 3790)

The disciples wait ten days in Jerusalem, as instructed by Christ, for the promise of God's spirit. On the day of Pentecost, the BIRTH of the New Testament church occurs when God gives his spirit to more than 3,120 people (Acts 2)! The is a Biblical perfect number and the number eight symbolizes a NEW BEGINNING. Jesus' ministry AFTER his resurrection set the groundwork for the perfect beginning of the New Testament church of God!

Additional Study Materials
Timeline of Jesus' last days
What does it mean to TARRY Pentecost?
What do numbers symbolize in the Bible?
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Timeline of Jesus' Ministry
after his resurrection