Preservation of the
Old Testament Timeline

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Adam to the Patriarchs

Date (B.C.)
Person / Group
3984 - 3054 Adam
3297 - 2328 Methuselah
2928 - 1978Noah
2426 - 1826Shem
 

The Biblical Patriarchs to Joseph

1975 - 1800Abraham
1876 - 1696Isaac
1815 - 1668 Jacob
1724 - 1614 Joseph
 

Moses to the Great Assembly

1525 - 1405Moses
1405 - 515Aaronic Priesthood
586 - 189 Ezra and the Great Assembly
 

Jerusalem Academy to the
Destruction of the Second Temple

189 B.C. - 27 A.D.   Simon the Just to birth of Jesus Christ
20 B.C. - 20 A.D.   Hillel I
20 A.D. - 70 A.D.   Rabban Gamaliel I
50 A.D. - 70 A.D. Rabbi Johanan b. Zakkai
 
Important People in
the Old Testament
 
 
Important Cities
of Ancient Israel
 
 
Timeline of the
Old Testament
 
 
Kings of Israel
and Judah
 
 
Why did Moses
NOT enter the
Promised Land?
 
 
Location of
Old Testament
Events Map

The Tannaim

(Scholars from Hillel I to the completion of the Mishnah)
Date (A.D.)
Person / Group
50 - 140  Jabneh Academy
70 - 80  Rabbi Johanan b. Zakkai Rabban
80 - 115  Gamaliel II
115 - 135  Simeon b. Gamaliel II
(Rebellion of Bar Kokhba, 132 - 135)
140 - 170   Usha Academy
170 - 220   Simeon b. Gamaliel II, Beit She'Arim Academy
220 - 250   Rabbi Simeon Judah Ha-Nasi Sepphoris Academy
Rabbi Hanina b. Hama
 

The Amoraim

(Tiberian Academy
250 - 375  Rabbi Johanan
  Rabbi Simeon b. Lakish
  Rabbi Eleazar b. Pedat
  Rabbi Ammi b. Nathan
    Rabbi Assi
  Rabbi Jonah
  Rabbi Yose
  Rabbi Mani b. Yose
  Rabbi Hiyya b. Adda

What is a CODEX?

Developed in the first century A.D., a CODEX (plural: codices) is a set of manuscripts or writings collected and placed together to form a book. Modern books, including the Bible, use the codex format. From 50 to 300 A.D. papyrus was used to create a codex. The use of paper to create a codex started around 1100 A.D.
 

The Lost Codices of the Masoretic Text

600 Codex Severi
  Codex Hillel
  Codex Muga
  Codex Jericho
    Codex Jerushalmi
 

Tiberian Academy

780 - 930  -------------------------
 

The Ben Asher Codices of the Masoretic Text

895  Codex Cairensis
900 - 950  The Aleppo Codex
1008  Codex Leningradensis
 

The Petersburg Codex of the Masoretic Text

916  The Petersburg Codex of the Prophets
 

The German Codices of the Masoretic Text

1100

 

The Erfurt Codices
Erfurt 1, Erfurt 2, Erfurt 3 pre

1105  Codex Reuchlinianus
 

Sephardi to Soncino

930 - 1488  -------------------------

What is CANONIZATION?

Canonization is the process by which a collection of writings comes to be considered authoritative, definitive and fixed by a religious authority.
 

Preservation of the Old Testament by Printing

Date
 
Name / Source of Printing
1488  Soncino O.T.
(based on German manuscripts)
 
1494 / 5  Brescia O.T.
(based on German manuscripts)
 
1516 / 17  1st Pratensis Rabbinic Bible
 
1524 / 25  2nd Chayyim Rabbinic Bible (Basel)
 
1546 / 48   Venice printing #2
 
1568 Venice printing #3
 
1616 / 19 Basel printing #1
 
1618 / 19 Basel printing #2
(Johan Buxtorf the Elder)
 
1699 Jablonski Hebraica
 
1720   Johann Heinrich Michaelis Hebraica
(Based on Jablonski and Erfurt manuscripts)
 
1724 / 25  Amsterdam printing
 
1839 Biblia Hebraica
 
1860 / 66 Warsaw printing
 
1869  S. Baer, Eclectic "Masoretic"
(Basis of the Jewish Publication Society of America Version (JPSA) of the Tanakh (Hebrew Bible))
 
1905 / 6 Biblia Hebraica 1
(Rudolph Kittel)
 
1908 Christian D. Ginsburg
(British and Foreign Bible Society)
 
1912  Biblia Hebraica 2
(Rudolph Kittel)
 
1926  Christian D. Ginsburg
 
1937  Biblia Hebraica 3
(P. Kahle)
 
1958  Norman H. Snaith
 
1966 The Hebrew University, Jerusalem
(Based on the Aleppo Codex, 900 - 950 )
 
1967 Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia
(P. Kahle, based on Codex Leningradensis, 1008 )
 
1976  Jay P. Green, The Interlinear Bible, 3 Volumes
(Based on 1866 British and Foreign Bible Society)
   
Additional Study Materials
Timeline of the
Old Testament Minor Prophets
Map of Palestine during
the Biblical patriarchs
 
Division of the Promised
Land to the children of Israel
 
 
 
 
   
 
 
 
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